Screenshot of cartridge version
|Original author(s)||Steven D. Lawrow|
|Developer(s)||Optimized Systems Software|
|Discontinued||4.20 / 1994|
|License||Copyright © Paul Laughton Proprietary software|
MAC/65 was an assembler written by Stephen D. Lawrow and sold by Optimized Systems Software for the Atari 8-bit family of microcomputers. It was a direct descendent of OSS's EASMD. MAC/65 was first released on disk in 1982. A cartridge version came later.
MAC/65 was notable for combining a line editor, assembler, and debugger into a single package, while being much faster than both Atari's similarly structured Assembler Editor cartridge and the standalone Atari Macro Assembler. It was used to write numerous commercial games and applications, and the majority of assembly language listings in ANALOG Computing were written using MAC/65.
Much like Atari BASIC, source code in MAC/65 used line numbers and was tokenized as it was entered. This allowed immediate reporting of syntax errors, shorter assembly times, and smaller data sizes (important when both the source and object code were in memory). Source files could be saved and loaded in either tokenized format or as text files.
Unlike the Atari Assembler Editor, MAC/65 provided true macro processing and conditional assembly.
The cartridge version added 65C02 op-code support as well as a condensed version of Dunion's Debugging Tool (DDT) by Jim Dunion, which was originally sold through the Atari Program Exchange. DDT replaced the BUG/65 debugger which shipped with the disk version of MAC/65.
The ToolKit was a floppy diskette filled with source code and examples for use with the MAC/65 assembler. The ToolKit required an Atari 8-bit with 48K of memory, a disk drive and the MAC/65 cartridge.
The following is example code for Hello World! using the MAC/65 ToolKit:
0100 .OPT NO LIST 0110 ; 0120 ; HELLO.M65 0130 ; --------- 0140 ; 0150 ; THE HELLO WORLD TEST USING 0160 ; THE MAC/65 TOOLKIT 0170 ; 0180 RUNAD = $02E0 ; RUN ADDRESS 0190 EOL = $9B ; END-OF-LINE 0200 *= $4000 0210 ; 0220 MSG .BYTE "HELLO WORLD!",EOL 0230 ; 0240 .INCLUDE #D:KERNEL.M65 0250 ; 0260 START 0270 PRINT 0,MSG ; CHANNEL 0 0280 RTS ; RETURN TO DOS 0290 ; 0300 *= RUNAD 0310 .WORD START 0320 .END
- According to Matthew J. Ratcliff of ANALOG Computing, MAC/65 was used by C64 programmers to assemble C64 projects on Atari computers.
- According to Stephen D. Lawrow, MAC/65 was used to compile not only itself, but BASIC XL and BASIC XE.
MAC/65 along with other OSS products became part of ICD's catalog of Atari products in January 1988. In 1994, Fine Tooned Engineering obtained limited rights to ICD's 8-bit products, including MAC/65, but the copyrights are held by Paul Laughton.
- A reference manual for MAC/65 by OSS, Rev. 1.2. 1983
- Atari Home Computer System - Technical Reference Notes. Atari, Inc. C016555 REV A.
- Andrews, Mark (1984). Atari Roots: A Guide to Atari Assembly Language. DATAMOST, Inc. ISBN 0-88190-171-7. 
- Chasin, Mark (1984). Assembly Language Programming for the Atari Computers. Byte Books, McGraw-Hill Paperbacks. ISBN 0-07-010679-7. 
- Chadwick, Ian (1985). Mapping the Atari Revised Edition. COMPUTE! Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-87455-004-1. 
- Leventhal, Lance A. (1986). 6502 Assembly Language Programming 2nd Edition. Osborne/McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-881216-X.
- Leventhal, Lance A. (1982). 6502 Assembly Language Subroutines. Osborne/McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-931988-59-4.
- Mansfield, Richard (1983). Machine Language for Beginners. COMPUTE! Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-942386-11-6. 
- Mansfield, Richard (1984). The Second Book of Machine Language. COMPUTE! Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-942386-53-1. 
- Zaks, Rodnay (1983). Programming the 6502 (Fourth Edition). Sybex, Inc. ISBN 0-89588-135-7.
- Zaks, Rodnay (1982). Advanced 6502 Programming. Sybex, Inc. ISBN 0-89588-089-X.
- OSS Newsletter - Spring 1984
- OSS Newsletter - October 1984
- retrobits.net Dan's OSS Supercart Page
- AtariAge - Atari 800/XL/XE MAC/65 (OSS)
- MAC/65 Online - MAC/65 Assembler Cartridge (manual)
- Compute! Magazine - Review: MAC/65, Issue 43, Dec 1983
- Antic Vol. 2, No. 7 - Oct 1983 Nightmare Mission - MAC's the one for the job (Atari assemblers review)
- Antic Vol. 4, No. 1 - May 1985 Product Review - MAC/65 Toolkit
- INFOCOM Online Transcript Interview with Brian Moriarty, talks briefly about MAC/65