MATA Trolley

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MATA Trolley
MemphisTrolley.jpg
Former Porto trolley on the Main Street line.
Operation
Locale Memphis, Tennessee
Open 29 April 1993[1]
Routes 3
Operator(s) MATA
Infrastructure
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Propulsion system(s) Electric
Electrification 600V DC,[2] overhead line
Statistics
Track length (total) 10 mi (16.1 km)[1]
Route length 6.3 mi (10.1 km)[citation needed]
Stops 25
Passengers (2011-2012) 1.34 million Increase 23.1%
Overview
Website MATA - Trolleys

The MATA Trolley is a heritage streetcar transit system operating in Memphis in the U.S. state of Tennessee. It has operated since April 29, 1993.[1] The last line of Memphis’ original streetcar network closed on June 15, 1947.[2]

Since opening the system has been extended twice and now consists of three lines; the Main Street Line, the Riverfront Loop and the Madison Avenue Line. These lines are operated by the Memphis Area Transit Authority (MATA). In the 2011-2012 year 1.34 million trips were made on the system, a 23.1% year-on-year growth—the highest of any light rail system in the USA.[3]

History[edit]

Ex-Porto car 180 on Main St

Originally proposed as a 4.9-mile (7.9 km) line stretching along the Mississippi River, in January 1990 the Memphis City Council voted 9-4 to build the 2.5 miles (4 km), $33 million Main Street route.[4] After multiple delays, construction of the line would commence in February 1991 and be complete by December 1992.[5] However, due to the restoration of the cars taking longer than anticipated, the opening of the line would be pushed back to spring 1993.[6] After further delay, testing of the first of the restored cars began on March 10, 1993,[7] and the system opened to the public on April 29, 1993.[2][4][1]

On October 1, 1997, a new line along the Riverfront opened.[8] The system's third line, running east from Main Street along Madison Avenue for about 2 miles (3.2 km), opened on March 15, 2004. It was completed at a cost of about $56 million, which was about 25 percent below the original budget forecast for the project.[9]

Rolling stock[edit]

Ex-Melbourne trolley in the South Main St Historic District.

The trolleys used are almost all restored, vintage streetcars.[4] The original three cars in operation on opening day were all formerly used in Porto, Portugal, and are Car 187, circa 1927; Car 194, circa 1935; and Car 204, circa 1940.[4] These cars are each 30 feet 6 inches (9.3 m) long, 7 feet 10 inches (2.39 m) wide and weigh 25,820 pounds (11.71 t) without passengers. The cars were restored by Kerns-Wilcheck Associates of Memphis.[4] Three additional ex-Porto cars (156, 164 and 180) joined them within weeks, and the fleet had six cars (all ex-Porto single-truckers) by May 1993.[10]

Gomaco-built number 1979, with a trolley pole, in its original livery.

Between the mid-1990s and 2003, the Gomaco Trolley Company supplied an additional ten cars: nine reconditioned Melbourne, Australia W2 class cars and one single-truck car (No. 1979) that was built new by Gomaco in 1993, originally as a demonstrator. There is also car 1794, which was originally an open-sided car from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, but was heavily rebuilt and enclosed before entering service in Memphis. The most recent addition, in early 2004, is a replica Birney Safety Car, manufactured by Gomaco, the same cars used on the TECO Line Streetcar System in Tampa, Florida.

The fleet and overhead wires were converted from trolley pole to pantograph current collection in early 2003, during a three-month suspension of service which started on January 5, 2003.[11]

Lines[edit]

The MATA Trolley network consists of three lines. There are stations at 24 locations (in and out bound stations are counted as a single location) and 35 of the stations are sheltered and ADA accessible.[12]

Line Opened Stations Length Termini
Main Street Line 1993 13 2.0 mi (3.2 km)[citation needed] Butler Avenue - North End Terminal
Riverfront Loop 1997 19 4.1 mi (6.6 km)[citation needed] none
Madison Avenue Line 2004 6 2.2 mi (3.5 km)[citation needed] Third Street - Cleveland Station

Accidents and incidents[edit]

On June 1, 2011, two trolleys—A Melbourne W2 class and Porto number 194—traveling on Main Street collided due to a power failure.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "MATA - Memphis Area Transit Authority - Trolley History". Memphis Area Transit Authority. 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  2. ^ a b c May, Jack (November 1993). "Memphis: Trolleys Roll Again". Passenger Train Journal (Interurban Press). pp. 40–48. ISSN 0160-6913. 
  3. ^ Charlier, Tom (4 November 2012). "Memphis trolleys lead nation in light-rail passenger growth". The Commercial Appeal. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Huston, Jerry (April 22, 1993). "Trolley rumbles to life in city – Line readied for comeback downtown". The Commercial Appeal. 
  5. ^ Huston, Jerry (October 15, 1992). "Trolley, mall work nearing an end". The Commercial Appeal. 
  6. ^ Huston, Jerry (November 26, 1992). "Delays in trolley car restoration move starting date for rail line". The Commercial Appeal. 
  7. ^ Patterson, Patti (March 11, 1993). "Trolley's test launch thrills cheering, wine-sipping fans". The Commercial Appeal. 
  8. ^ "MATA offers free trolley rides starting Wednesday". Memphis Business Journal. April 4, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-31. 
  9. ^ "Madison rail line to open March 15". Memphis Business Journal. March 11, 2004. Retrieved 2009-05-31. 
  10. ^ Wilkins, Van (Spring 1996). "Heritage Trolleys in Memphis and Galveston". The New Electric Railway Journal (Free Congress Foundation). ISSN 1048-3845. Retrieved 2011-05-27. 
  11. ^ Tramways & Urban Transit magazine, April 2004, p. 146. Light Rail Transit Association (UK). ISSN 1460-8324.
  12. ^ "MATA - Memphis Area Transit Authority - Trolleys". Memphis Area Transit Authority. 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  13. ^ Phillips, Bianca (1 June 2011). "Trolleys Collide at Downtown Intersection". Memphis Flyer. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 

External links[edit]