Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay

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MCAS Kaneohe Bay
Overhead shot of MCAF KBAY.jpg
Aerial photograph of MCAF Kaneohe Bay.
IATA: noneICAO: PHNGFAA LID: NGF
WMO: 91176
Summary
Airport type Military
Operator United States Marine Corps
Serves Marine Corps Base Hawaii
Location Kaneohe, Hawaii
Built 1939
In use 1939-1949, 1952 - present
Commander LtCol Dan Lingman[1]
Elevation AMSL 24 ft / 7 m
Website www.mcbh.usmc.mil/mcaf/...
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
4/22 7,771 2,369 Asphalt
Sources: Official website[2] and FAA[3]
Kanehoe Naval Air Station
Hangar 101 MCAS Kaneohe Bay.jpg
During the Attack on Pearl Harbor, portions of Hangar 1 were destroyed. In 1987, the hangar and five sea plane ramps were designated a National Historic Landmark.
Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay is located in Hawaii
Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay
Nearest city Kailua, Honolulu County, Hawaii
Coordinates 21°26′45″N 157°46′11″W / 21.44583°N 157.76972°W / 21.44583; -157.76972Coordinates: 21°26′45″N 157°46′11″W / 21.44583°N 157.76972°W / 21.44583; -157.76972
Area 41-acre (17 ha)
Built 1941
Architect United States Navy
Governing body United States Marine Corps
NRHP Reference # 87001299[4]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP May 28, 1987
Designated NHLD May 28, 1987[5]

Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay or MCAS Kaneohe Bay (ICAO: PHNGFAA LID: NGF) is a United States Marine Corps airfield located within the Marine Corps Base Hawaii complex, formerly known as Marine Corps Air Facility (MCAF) Kaneohe Bay or Naval Air Station (NAS) Kaneohe Bay.[2] It is located two miles (3 km) northeast of the central business district of Kaneohe, in Honolulu County, Hawaii, United States. The airfield has one runway (4/22) with a 7,771 x 200 ft (2,369 x 61 m) asphalt surface.[3]

History[edit]

Fort Hase and NAS Kaneohe Bay[edit]

The United States Army acquired 322 acres (1.30 km2) of the peninsula when President Woodrow Wilson signed executive order 2900 establishing the Kuwaaohe Military Reservation. Little is known about the operations of the fort, however, at the end of World War I, the military property was leased for ranching. In 1939, Kuwaaohe was reactivated, subjected to many name changes to include Camp Ulupa’u, and eventually named Fort Hase.

Prior to and during World War II, Fort Hase grew from a humble beginning as a defense battalion to a major unit of the Windward Coastal Artillery Command. Navy planners began to eye the peninsula in 1939 as the home of a strategic seaplane base. They liked the isolated location, the flat plains for an airfield and the probability of flights into prevailing trade winds. In 1939, the Navy acquired 464 acres (1.88 km2) of the peninsula for use of the PBY Catalina Patrol seaplanes for long-range reconnaissance flights. One year later, the Navy owned all of the Mokapu Peninsula except for Fort Hase.

On December 7, 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy attacked the air station minutes prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor. Of the 36 Catalinas stationed here, 27 were destroyed and six others were damaged, along with 18 sailors who perished in the attack. The first Japanese aircraft destroyed in action were shot down at Kaneohe, along with Aviation Ordnanceman Chief Petty Officer John William Finn becoming one of the first Medal of Honor recipients of World War II for valor on that day.

During the war, the air station was a major training base in the Pacific Theater. The Fleet Gunnery School trained thousands of Navy gunners. There was a school for celestial navigation, sonar, aircraft recognition, and turret operations. Flight instructors also trained Navy and Marine Corps aviators in flight operations prior to being sent to a forward combat area. Following the war, Fort Hase had become a skeleton outpost and the air station consisted of limited air operations, a small security detachment, and a federal communications center.

Marine Operations[edit]

In 1949, the Navy decommissioned the air station. On January 15, 1952 the Marine Corps re-commissioned the idle airfield Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay, making it an ideal training site for a combined air/ground team. Station Operations and Headquarters Squadron supported flight operations until June 30, 1972, when Station Operations and Maintenance Squadron was commissioned in its place. SOMS served until it was disbanded on July 30, 1994. Marine Corps Air Facility Kaneohe Bay was formed on that date and continues today to serve the operational needs of the aviation community.

On May 28, 1987, the National Register of Historic Places listed "Kaneohe Naval Air Station" as a historic district and a National Historic Landmark.[5][6][7]

Following the 1993 Base Realignment and Closure Commission decision to close Naval Air Station Barbers Point, the base acquired 4 Navy P-3 Orion patrol squadrons and one SH-60 Seahawk Anti-Submarine squadron in 1999. Today there are almost 10,000 active duty Navy and Marine Corps personnel there, directed by Marine Aircraft Group 24 and Navy Patrol and Reconnaissance Wing 2.

The installation was re-designated as an Air Station (vice an Air Facility) in May 2009.[8] At the same time, the airfield was named for MajGen Marion Eugene Carl, and the Corps announced that new squadrons would be stationed there.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Commanding Officer's biography on MCAS Kaneohe Bay website
  2. ^ a b MCAS Kaneohe Bay, official website, retrieved 2011-4-11
  3. ^ a b FAA Airport Master Record for NGF (Form 5010 PDF), effective 2007-10-25
  4. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  5. ^ a b "Kaneohe Naval Air Station". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 
  6. ^ "NPS Form 10-900: National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. June 17, 1986. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  7. ^ "NPS Form 10-900; attached photos". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. June 17, 1986. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  8. ^ "K-Bay gets new name, status". Honolulu Advertiser (Marine Corps Times). 2009-05-25. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 

External links[edit]