Mouloudia Club d'Oran (Arabic: نادي مولودية وهران, Arabic pronunciation: [Nādi Mûlûdiyyat Wahrān]), referred to as MC Oran or MCO for short, also known as Mouloudia d'Oran, is a football club based in Oran, Algeria. Founded in 1946, the club was known as Mouloudia Chaâbia d'Oran from 1971 to 1977 and Mouloudia Pétroliers d'Oran (Arabic: مولودية نفط وهران, MP Oran for a short) from 1977 to 1987. The club colours are red and white. It play in Stade Ahmed Zabana.
Until 2008, MC Oran was the only club in Algeria to have participated in every single season of the first division since its inception in 1962. However, the club was relegated at the end of the 2007–08 season but returned after just one season in the Algerian Championnat National 2.
MC Oran is also a multi-sports club, known mostly for its handball team.
The Mouloudia Club d'Oran began on May 14, 1946, when nationalists activists created the team of Mouloudia Club d'Oran, a Muslim club in the district of El Hamri (former Lamur) in Oran to compete with European clubs at a time when Algeria was a French district (French Algeria). Mohamed Bessol, one of the founding members was a player, coach, and general secretary of the club until 1967. Other founding members were Ali Bentouti, Omar Abouna, Redouane Serik Boutaleb, and also Mohamed Serradj, Ali Tounsi, Belaid Bachir, Bensenouci Mahi, Bloufa Benhadad, Mahmoud Benahmed, Miloud Bendraou, Miloud Cherigui, Ali Aroumia, Kada Fali.
The founding ceremony of Mouloudia was assisted by Sheikh Said Zamouchi, delegated by Sheikh Si Tayeb Al Mahaji (imam, writer and member of the Association des oulémas musulmans algériens) led by Sheikh Abdelhamid Ben Badis.
The name of the Mouloudia was inspired from the celebration of Mawlid (prophet Muhammad's birth), the date of its creation coincided with this celebration.
Mouloudia Club d'Oran began his first competition, in the 1946-1947 season in the third division of the regional championship of the League of Oran (3F/O) after inscription in the France Football Federation. The course of the club from 1946 to 1956 is unknown. And from 1956 to 1962 (the independence year of Algeria), MC Oran block all its sports activities by order of the FLN.
The Mouloudia Club d'Oran start in the first competition of Algeria independent in 1962–63 season, it qualified for the final tournament of the championship of the first two seasons 1962–63 and 1963–64 which were composed of three groups (Algiers, Oran and Constantine), he finished second in the group of Oran in both seasons, unfortunately not a qualifying place for the semi-finals, but this place already earned him a status of a great club. In the following seasons, it will be runner-up twice consecutively in 1968 and 1969 and Abdelkader Freha was top scorer in both seasons.
In the early 2000s, the club had a lot of conflicts especially in administration and management. During this period, the club has not won any title and he often plays the maintenance against relegation.
In 27 September 2012, the National Society of Marketing and Distribution of Petroleum Products Naftal return to sponsoring the MC Oran after an absence of 24 years. As past, Naftal will sponsoring the all sport's sections of the Mouloudia Club d'Oran. This initiative is a part of the development of national sport, especially that MC Oran is one of the largest national and continental omnisports club.
MC Oran has had several crests in its history. The first, adopted in the 70th. The second crest was used from the 1977 reform when the national companies took the different Algerians clubs from 1977 to 1988, MC Oran was taken by Naftal company and was called MP Oran (Mouloudia Pétrolière d'Oran), From 1988, the national companies retired from the Clubs, the club took its old name MC Oran (Mouloudia Club d'Oran), however there were various crests from this year until now but only one crest was more famous and more credible.
The club, one of the most popular in Algeria, plays at the Ahmed Zabana Stadium (40,000 capacity), in the popular district of El Hamri. Sometimes the team play in Stade Habib Bouakeul which is the 2nd stadium of the city with an capacity of 20,000. Now a new and modern stadium is being constructed with a capacity of 40,000 which is called Olympic Stadium of Oran.