MEKO 200

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TCG Oruç Reis (F245).jpg
Turkish Navy frigate TCG Oruç Reis (F-245) departing from Portsmouth Naval Base in the United Kingdom, on September 21, 2009. Off the bows in the distance is Fort Gilkicker, and beyond (to the left) the Isle of Wight.
Class overview
Builders: Blohm + Voss
Operators:  Royal Australian Navy
 Turkish Navy
 Hellenic Navy
 Portuguese Navy
 Royal New Zealand Navy
 South African Navy
In service: 1987–present
Completed: 25
Active: 25
General characteristics
Type: Frigate
Displacement: 3,400 tons (full load)
Length: 118 m (387 ft)
Beam: 14.8 m (49 ft)
Draught: 4.3 m (14 ft)
Propulsion: 1 × General Electric LM2500+ gas turbine and 2 × MTU 12V1163 TB83 diesel engines, driving two shafts with controllable pitch propellers in CODOG configuration.
Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h)
Range: 6,000 nautical miles (11,000 km) at 18 knots (33 km/h)
Complement: 220
Sensors and
processing systems:
Sonars: Thomson Sintra Spherion B Mod 5; hull-mounted; active search and attack; medium frequency. Provision for towed array
Air search radar: Raytheon AN/SPS-49(V)8 ANZ (C/D-band)
Surface search radar: CelsiusTech 9LV 453 TIR (Ericsson Tx/Rx) (G-band)
Navigation: Atlas Elektronik 9600 ARPA (I-band)
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
ESM: Racal modified Sceptre A (radar intercept), Telefunken PST-1720 Telegon 10 (comms intercept)
Countermeasures: Decoys: G & D Aircraft SRBOC Mk-36 Mod 1 decoy launchers for SRBOC
Armament:

Guns:

Missiles:

Torpedoes:

Fire control: CelsiusTech 9LV 453 (J-band)
Combat data systems: CelsiusTech 9LV 453 Mk-3 Link 11

Weapons control: CelsiusTech 9LV 453 optronic director with Raytheon CW Mk-73 Mod 1
Aircraft carried: 1 x S-70B Seahawk or
1 x SH-2G Super Seasprite

The MEKO 200 is a frigate design by the Blohm + Voss shipyard of Germany, as part of the MEKO family of warships.

Variants[edit]

Anzac class (MEKO 200)[edit]

Main article: Anzac class frigate
An Anzac class MEKO 200 type frigate of the Royal New Zealand Navy.

Ten MEKO 200 frigates were built to the Anzac class design: eight for the Royal Australian Navy, and two for the Royal New Zealand Navy.

The Australian Department of Defence decided to upgrade their Anzacs even before all ships were completed, the upgraded configuration includes— RGM-84 Harpoon anti-ship missiles fitted in two quad launchers, Evolved Sea Sparrow missiles quad-packed in VLS enabling 32 missiles to be carried, four Nulka active missile decoy bays, and the TSM 5424 Petrel mine and obstacle avoidance sonar system. All upgrades and new builds are scheduled for completion by 2006.

In 2004 Tenix, Saab, and the Australian Department of Defence formed a Private Public Partnership to upgrade the anti-ship missile defence capability of the Anzac class. This upgrade will include Sagem Vampir NG IRST (infra-red search and track) capability, Saab Combat Management System upgrade and CEA Technologies PAR 3D E/F band fixed active phased array radar and illuminator. A new main mast will be constructed to incorporate the CEAFAR and CEAMOUNT systems and maintain the existing 2D radar and electronic surveillance capabilities.

Yavuz/Barbaros class (MEKO 200TN)[edit]

F-247 TCG Kemal Reis, a Salih Reis class (MEKO 200 TN Track II-B) frigate of the Turkish Navy, in Cartagena, Spain.

The Turkish variant, MEKO 200TN, is a modified MEKO 200 type multirole frigate.

The first order for the Turkish Navy was signed during April 1983 with two MEKO 200TN built in Germany and two built in the Gölcük shipyards in Turkey. The vessels are also known as MEKO 200TN Track I or Yavuz class. Two more orders followed, each known as Track IIA Barbaros class and Track IIB. The Yavuz class frigates have adopted the CODAD propulsion method with 4 MTU 20V Diesel engines, which require a substantial amount of maintenance. There were also questions over the selection of the Swiss manufactured Sea Zenith, an advanced CIWS system that was never previously used on any naval platform, but there have been no negative reports regarding the system's performance from the Turkish Navy. The later Track IIA frigates have incorporated major improvements including the CODOG propulsion method with 2 MTU 16V diesel engines and 2 LM2500-30 Gas turbines, a greater displacement of 3350 (full load) and the replacement of the older Mk-29 Sea Sparrow launcher with the Mk-41 Mod 8 VLS.

These frigates are considered to be used not for naval superiority but rather as sea denying assets that will try to inflict maximum damage to the enemy, while trying to keep friendly casualties low. MEKO200TN Track I/IIA/IIBs have a maximum speed of 27/31+kts, with a range of 4000 nm and a speed of 20/22kts. Their armament includes the FMC Mk-45 127mm/54cb gun, 8 RGM-84 Harpoons, 2x3 Mk32 324mm torpedo tubes, and 8/16 RIM-7 Sea Sparrow missiles. Electronic equipment includes the DA 08/ AWS-9 surface/air surveillance radar, the WM 25/ AWS 6 tracking radar, the TM 1226/ 2690BT ARPA navigation radar, and STACOS TU/FD Tactical Command and Control System. The Turkish frigates are also equipped with WM25/ COSYS DDWCS Fire Control System, a DE1160 sonar, and Link 11/14 VESTA CDL2, MCS2002 communication systems.

Hydra class (MEKO 200HN)[edit]

Main article: Hydra class frigate
Hellenic Navy frigate HS Psara (F-454) sailing down the Firth of Clyde in Scotland, at the start of Neptune Warrior (NW 063) multinational training exercise.

The MEKO frigates have high-level specifications for shock resistance, stiffness requirements for the fire control and radar systems, and blast and gas pressure resistance to retain the integrity of the on-board weapon systems. The hull is constructed of high tensile steel with a yield strength of 355 N/mm².

The ship is divided into twelve self-sufficient watertight sections, which function almost independently of each other. Each compartment also has independent data transfer to the ship’s Naval Automation System, Nautos.

The four Hydra class frigates of the Hellenic Navy of Greece are 3200t frigates of the MEKO 200HN design. The first of the four, Hydra (F452) was built by Blohm + Voss in Hamburg and commissioned in 1992. The other three were constructed at the Hellenic Shipyards Co. at Skaramagas. Spetsai (F453) was commissioned in 1996, Psara (F454) in 1998 and Salamis (F455) in 1999.

Three Hydra class frigates were deployed in support of Operation Enduring Freedom 2002–2003.

Valour class (MEKO A-200SAN)[edit]

Main article: Valour-class frigate
SAS Amatola

Four Valour-class frigates: SAS Amatola (F145), SAS Isandlwana (F146), SAS Spioenkop (F147) and SAS Mendi (F148) were constructed by Blohm + Voss for the South African Navy between 2000 and 2005.

The improved A-200SAN design incorporates new signature reduction measures. The combat management system is sourced from Thales. Two SuperLynx 300, one Atlas Oryx, two AgustaWestland AW109, one Rooivalk or various UAVs can be accommodated.

Vasco da Gama class (MEKO 200PN)[edit]

The Portuguese Navy frigate NRP Corte Real (F-332) participates in a pass and review during the North Atlantic Council at Sea Day.

The Vasco da Gama class, a development of the MEKO 200 PN German concept, are major surface ships of the Portuguese Navy. Portugal operates three ships of this class, which were built in Kiel by Blohm + Voss and later by HDW, using modular construction techniques.

The project for the construction of three frigates of this class was authorized by the Portuguese Government in 1985, five years after the request of the Portuguese Navy for the acquisition of new surface ships.

Operators[edit]

  •  Australia: 8 MEKO 200 (Anzac class)
  •  Turkey: 8 MEKO 200TN (4 x Yavuz class, 4 x Barbaros class)
  •  Greece: 4 MEKO 200HN (Hydra class)
  •  South Africa: 4 MEKO A-200SAN (Valour class)
  •  Portugal: 3 MEKO 200PN (Vasco da Gama class)
  •  New Zealand: 2 MEKO 200 (Anzac class)
  •  Algeria: 2+2 Meko A200 (Valour class) [1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]