The term MENA is an acronym referring to the Middle East and North Africa region. The term MENA covers an extensive region, extending from Morocco to Iran, including all Middle Eastern and Maghreb countries. The term is roughly synonymous with the term the Greater Middle East.
Due to the geographic ambiguity and Eurocentric nature of the term "Middle East", many people prefer use of the term WANA (West Asia and North Africa) or the less common NAWA (North Africa-West Asia).
The population of the MENA region at its least extent is about 381 million people, about 6% of the total world population.
List of countries
The MENA region has vast reserves of petroleum and natural gas that make it a vital source of global economic stability. According to the Oil and Gas Journal (January 1, 2009), the MENA region has 60% of the world's oil reserves (810.98 billion barrels (128.936 km3)) and 45% of the world's natural gas reserves ( 2,868,886 billion cubic feet (81,237.8 km3) ).
As of 2011, 8 of the 12 OPEC nations are within the MENA region.
In April 2013, the International Monetary Fund created a new analytical region called MENAP (Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan), which adds Afghanistan and Pakistan to MENA countries.
In response to a shift in the economy, the term MENAT has become widely used by businesses in the MENA region to formally include "Turkey" in the list of MENA countries.
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- List of business region acronyms
- Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA)
- Middle East economic integration
- Greater Middle East
- Near East
- Arab world
- Arab Spring
- Subsaharan Africa
- African Union
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- "Welcome". Agu.org. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
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- "About MENA". Renaissance Capital Research Portal.
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- "International Reserves". United States Department of Energy. Retrieved 2011.
- "World Economic Outlook Database". Imf.org. Retrieved 28 November 2014.