MIAT Mongolian Airlines
|Hubs||Chinggis Khaan International Airport (ULN)|
|Frequent-flyer program||Blue Sky Mongolia|
|Fleet size||5 (+1 orders)|
|Key people||Gungaagiin Jargalsaikhan (CEO)|
MIAT Mongolian Airlines (Mongolian: Монголын Иргэний Агаарын Тээвэр, Mongolyn Irgenii Agaaryn Teever (MIAT), Mongolian Civil Air Transport) is the Mongolian national airline, headquartered in the MIAT Building in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia. The airline operates international scheduled services from its base at Chinggis Khaan International Airport near Ulaanbaatar.
MIAT Mongolian Airlines was established in 1956. It began operations with the help of Aeroflot and began flights on 7 July 1956 using an Antonov An-2 from Ulaanbaatar to Irkutsk. The airline also used Soviet-built Lisunov Li-2s for flights to international destinations like Beijing and Moscow. During the 1960s and 1970s, the airline obtained Antonov An-24 and An-26 twin turboprops. Tupolev Tu-154 jets were introduced in the late 1970s.
In 1992, MIAT bought five Chinese Harbin Y-12 commuter aircraft and acquired a Boeing 727-200 from Korean Air, one more following in 1994. An Airbus A310 was leased in 1998, and a new Boeing 737 was leased in 2003 to replace the aging 727-200 fleet. Between 2003 and 2008, MIAT's An-24 and An-26 fleet was gradually retired. In April 2008, MIAT received its second Boeing 737-800 aircraft on lease from CIT Aerospace. In July 2008, MIAT ended scheduled domestic flights completely. In June 2009, the airline temporarily resumed scheduled domestic flights to Mörön and Khovd using its Boeing 737-800 aircraft.
In late 2009, MIAT flew charter flights to Hong Kong and Sanya, a popular resort city in Hainan. In June 2010, the airline's flights were brought to a halt due to a mechanics' strike. However, the situation was resolved with the replacement of the CEO and Technical Director.
In early 2011, MIAT signed an agreement with Air Lease Corporation to lease two former China Eastern Boeing 767-300ERs until 2013. The first aircraft entered service in May 2011 with the second following in November 2011. In 2011 the Airbus A310 was retired after serving MIAT Mongolian Airlines for 13 years. In June 2011, MIAT began regular flights to Hong Kong. The company also ordered three aircraft, a Boeing 767-300ER and two Boeing 737-800s, to be delivered in 2013 and 2016 respectively. The order marks the first time in two decades that MIAT has chosen to expand its fleet by purchasing new aircraft straight from the manufacturer rather than leasing them.
MIAT Mongolian Airlines has the following codeshares (as of December 2012):
|Boeing 737-800||3||2||12||150||162||Asia, Europe||1 to be leased from Air Lease in 2014, remaining 2 orders are direct purchases and will be delivered from 2015|
|Boeing 767-300ER||2||0||18||245||263||Asia, Europe||1 leased from Air Lease and 1 fully owned|
MIAT has operated a variety of aircraft types, including:
|Airbus A310-300||2011||Transferred to the Mongolian Armed Forces; in October 2012 the Ministry of Defense "returned" Airbus A310-300 to MIAT Mongolian Airlines|
|Airbus A330-343X||2010||Wet-leased from Saga Airlines for the summer of 2010|
|Antonov An-2||1995||a.k.a. Tsartsaa Nogoon Ongots or "green grasshopper plane" among Mongols|
|Antonov An-24||2003||a.k.a. Tsagaan Ongots or "white plane" among Mongols|
|Boeing 727-200||2003||Former Korean Air aircraft|
|Harbin Y-12||2002||Retired due to safety concerns|
|Mil Mi-8||2000||Transferred to the Tengeriin ulaach Co., Ltd.|
|Tupolev Tu-154||1995||Returned to Aeroflot|
Accidents and incidents
MIAT Mongolian Airlines has suffered the following incidents and accidents since commencing operations:
- 4 August 1963: Ilyushin Il-14 MT-105 crashed into the side of Otgontenger Mountain.
- 17 September 1973: Antonov An-24B BNMAU-4206 crashed into the side of a mountain in the Hovd Province of Mongolia during approach.
- 1 May 1979: Antonov An-24B BNMAU-1202 ran off the runway on landing at Erdenet Airport.
- 26 January 1990: Antonov 24RV BNMAU-10208 crashed into terrain near Ulaangom Airport at night, killing all 30 on board.
- 23 April 1993: Antonov An-26 BNMAU-14102 flying from Buyant Ukhaa Airport, Ulan Bator crashed into the side of Marz Mountain during descent into Tosontsengel Airport, Mongolia. All 32 passengers and crew died.
- 21 September 1995: Antonov An-24RV BNMAU-10103 flying from Buyant Ukhaa Airport, Ulan Bator crashed into a mountain near Choho Geologoh Uul during approach into Mörön Airport, after the crew descended too soon, killing 42 of 43 on board in Mongolia's worst air disaster.
- 10 June 1997: Harbin Y-12 JU-1020 crashed after encountering windshear whilst landing at Mandalgobi Airport, killing seven of 12 on board.
- 26 May 1998: Harbin Y-12 JU-1017 crashed into a mountain near Erdenet due to possible overloading, killing all 28 passengers and crew on board.
- "Contact Us." MIAT Mongolian Airlines. Retrieved on June 27, 2010. "MIAT building, Buyant-Ukhaa 45 Ulaanbaatar 210134, Mongolia"
- "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-10. p. 50.
- UB Post: MIAT Company Expands Domestic and International Flights, accessed May 29th, 2009.
- "МИАТ ХК-ийн түрээслэн авч буй Боинг 767 онгоцны танилцуулга". 2011-06-10. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
- "Boeing Celebrates 8,888th Order for the 737 Family". 2011-06-21. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
- "Боинг компаниас онгоц худалдан авах гэрээнд гарын үсэг зурлаа". 2011-06-21. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
- MIAT Mongolian Airlines codeshare with Aeroflot
- MIAT Mongolian Fleet – Official Website
- miat.com: Airplanes history
- "АЭРОБУС ОНГОЦ ХҮЛЭЭН АВЛАА". 2012-02-11. Retrieved 2012-03-13.
- mod.gov - АЭРОБУС ОНГОЦЫГ БУЦААЖ ӨГНӨ. mod.gov.mn. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.
- MIAT Mongolian Airlines accidents and incidents
- Accident description for MT-105 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
- Accident description for BNMAU-4206 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
- Accident description for BNMAU-1202 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
- Accident description for BNMAU-10208 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
- Accident description for BNMAU-14102 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
- Accident description for BNMAU-10103 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
- Accident description for JU-1020 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 2014-8-17.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to MIAT Mongolian Airlines.|
- Official website
- "Air Mongolia – the "do it yourself" airline". WikiLeaks. WikiLeaks cable:88BEIJING25961.
In 1988, staff of the United States’ embassy in Beijing encounter difficulties when they try to use the new connection between Beijing and Ulan Bator.
- North American branch is located in Denver, CO.