MIAT Mongolian Airlines

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For the smaller airline once known as "Mongolian Airlines Group", see Hunnu Air.
MIAT Mongolian Airlines
MIAT Mongolian Airlines logo.png
Founded 1954
Hubs Chinggis Khaan International Airport (ULN)
Frequent-flyer program Blue Sky Mongolia
Fleet size 5 (+1 orders)
Destinations 8
Headquarters Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Key people Gungaagiin Jargalsaikhan (CEO)[1]
Website www.miat.com

MIAT Mongolian Airlines (Mongolian: Монголын Иргэний Агаарын Тээвэр, Mongolyn Irgenii Agaaryn Teever (MIAT), Mongolian Civil Air Transport) is the Mongolian national airline, headquartered in the MIAT Building in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia.[2] The airline operates international scheduled services from its base at Chinggis Khaan International Airport near Ulaanbaatar.[3]


Communist Era[edit]

MIAT Mongolian Airlines was established in 1956. It began operations with the help of Aeroflot and began flights on 7 July 1956 using an Antonov An-2 from Ulaanbaatar to Irkutsk. The airline also used Soviet-built Lisunov Li-2s for flights to international destinations like Beijing and Moscow. During the 1960s and 1970s, the airline obtained Antonov An-24 and An-26 twin turboprops. Tupolev Tu-154 jets were introduced in the late 1970s.

Post-Communist Era[edit]

A MIAT Mongolian Airlines Boeing 767-300ER on short final to Sheremetyevo Airport in 2012.

In 1992, MIAT bought five Chinese Harbin Y-12 commuter aircraft and acquired a Boeing 727-200 from Korean Air, one more following in 1994. An Airbus A310 was leased in 1998, and a new Boeing 737 was leased in 2003 to replace the aging 727-200 fleet. Between 2003 and 2008, MIAT's An-24 and An-26 fleet was gradually retired. In April 2008, MIAT received its second Boeing 737-800 aircraft on lease from CIT Aerospace.[4] In July 2008, MIAT ended scheduled domestic flights completely. In June 2009, the airline temporarily resumed scheduled domestic flights to Mörön and Khovd using its Boeing 737-800 aircraft.[5]

In late 2009, MIAT flew charter flights to Hong Kong and Sanya, a popular resort city in Hainan. In June 2010, the airline's flights were brought to a halt due to a mechanics' strike. However, the situation was resolved with the replacement of the CEO and Technical Director.

In early 2011, MIAT signed an agreement with Air Lease Corporation to lease two former China Eastern Boeing 767-300ERs until 2013. The first aircraft entered service in May 2011 with the second following in November 2011.[6] In 2011 the Airbus A310 was retired after serving MIAT Mongolian Airlines for 13 years. In June 2011, MIAT began regular flights to Hong Kong. The company also ordered three aircraft, a Boeing 767-300ER and two Boeing 737-800s, to be delivered in 2013 and 2016 respectively.[7][8] The order marks the first time in two decades that MIAT has chosen to expand its fleet by purchasing new aircraft straight from the manufacturer rather than leasing them.


Codeshare agreements[edit]

MIAT Mongolian Airlines has the following codeshares (as of December 2012):


A Mongolian Airlines Boeing 727 in old livery.

As of May 2014, the MIAT Mongolian Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft with an average age of 11.5 years:[10][11][12]

MIAT Mongolian Airlines Fleet
Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Routes Notes
C Y Total
Boeing 737-800 3 2 12 150 162 Asia, Europe 1 to be leased from Air Lease in 2014.

Remaining 2 orders are direct purchases, and will be delivered from 2015.

12 162 174
Boeing 767-300ER 2 0 18 245 263 Asia, Europe 1 leased from Air Lease leased (JU-1011) and 1 fully owned (JU-1021)
Total 5 2

Previously Operated[edit]

A MIAT Mongolian Airlines Antonov An-26, now retired, parked at Chinggis Khaan International Airport, Mongolia. (2007)
MIAT Mongolian Airlines' Airbus A310-300 taxiing at Berlin Tegel Airport, Germany. (2008)

MIAT has operated a variety of aircraft types, including:[13]

MIAT Mongolian Airlines Former Fleet
Aircraft Retired Notes
Airbus A310-300 2011 Transferred to the Mongolian Armed Forces[14] In October 2012 the Ministry of Defense "Returned" Airbus A310-300 to MIAT Mongolian Airlines.[15]
Airbus A330-343X 2010 Wet-leased from Saga Airlines for the summer of 2010
Antonov An-2 1995 a.k.a. Tsartsaa Nogoon Ongots or "green grasshopper plane" among Mongols
Antonov An-24 2003 a.k.a. Tsagaan Ongots or "white plane" among Mongols
Antonov An-26 2008
Antonov An-30 1995
Boeing 727-200 2003 Former Korean Air Aircraft
Harbin Y-12 2002 Retired due to safety concerns
Ilyushin Il-14 1974
Kamov Ka-26 1990s
Mil Mi-4 1980s
Mil Mi-8 2000 Transferred to the Tengeriin ulaach co.ltd
Polikarpov Po-2 1950s
Tupolev Tu-154 1995 Returned to Aeroflot
Yakovlev Yak-12

Accidents and incidents[edit]

MIAT Mongolian Airlines has suffered the following incidents and accidents since commencing operations:[16]

  • On 4 August 1963, an Ilyushin Il-14 crashed into the side of Mount Otgon Tenger in Mongolia killing all on board.
  • On 17 September 1973, an Antonov An-24B crashed into the side of a mountain in the Hovd Province of Mongolia during approach, killing all on board.
  • On 26 January 1990, an Antonov 24RV crashed into terrain near Zavkhan[disambiguation needed], Mongolia at night. All 30 passengers and crew died.
  • On 23 April 1993, an Antonov An-26 flying from Buyant Ukhaa Airport, Ulan Bator crashed into the side of Marz Mountain during descent into Tosontsengel Airport, Mongolia. All 32 passengers and crew died.
  • On 21 September 1995, an Antonov An-24RV flying from Buyant Ukhaa Airport, Ulan Bator crashed into a mountain during approach into Mörön Airport, Mongolia. 36 out of 37 passengers and crew died.
  • On 10 June 1997, a Harbin Y-12 crashed after encountering windshear whilst landing at Mandalgobi Airport, Mongolia. 7 out of 12 passengers and crew members died.
  • On 26 May 1998, a Harbin Y-12 crashed into a Baishin mountain in Galt soum, Mongolia during enroute flight to Tosontsengel Airport. All 28 passengers and crew died, 12 passengers were children and 14 were adults.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]