MK3 grenade

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Illustration of an MK3A2 grenade.

The MK3 offensive hand grenade is a cylindrical concussion grenade designed to produce casualties during close combat while minimizing danger to friendly personnel. The grenade is also used for concussion effects in enclosed areas, for blasting, or for demolition tasks. The shock waves (overpressure) produced by this grenade when used in enclosed areas are greater than those produced by the fragmentation grenade. It is, therefore, very effective against enemy soldiers located in bunkers, buildings, and fortified areas.

The first version was created in March, 1918. It was designed to be used during trench assaults to knock out bunkers and clear trenches without producing fragmentation that could injure the user or friendly forces nearby.

There are three variants: the basic MK3, the MK3A1, and the MK3A2. They differ in their construction and the type of fuse used.

MK3 (Mk.III Offensive Blast Grenade) [1918][edit]

The MK3 had a cardboard body[1] and crimped metal top and bottom. The top has a raised fuze well that was threaded for a fuze assembly. It used the reliable Mk.II fuze, which used a Mills-bomb style striker but with a straight lever. It was replaced by the MK3A1.

It can be identified by its body, which is either plain brown paper or painted black.

MK3A1 (Mk.III A1 Offensive Grenade)[edit]

The MK3A1 had a water-resistant laminated-paper body and top and bottom caps made from die-cast metal. The top had a threaded fuze well in the center. It originally used the M6A1 fuse, which had a 4 to 5 second delay. It was upgraded to the M6A2 fuze in 194?[when?], the M6A3 fuze in 194?[when?], and the M6A4D fuze in 1944. The grenade contained 7 ounces [0.20 kg.] of flaked TNT filler.[2]

It can be identified by its black body and a yellow band pasted across the middle marked "GRENADE, HAND - OFFENSIVE MK.III A1" in black lettering. It differs from the MK3 in having a fuze well that is flush with the surface of the top cap.

The grenades weighed 0.69 lbs. each.[3] The MK3, like all TNT-filled grenades and bombs, were shipped without their fuzes as a safety measure. They were packed in crates of 24 or 50. Fuzes were shipped separately in boxes containing 25 fuzes.

MK3A2[edit]

The MK3A2 has a waterproof asphalt-inpregnated fiberboard cylinder and its top and bottom are made from the same material. The top has a fuze well directly threaded in its center. It originally used the M6A4D fuze, which had a 4 to 5 second delay. This was later replaced with the updated M206 series fuze (currently using the M206A2), which was smokeless—and noiseless—burning and had a 5-second delay. It contains an 8 oz. TNT charge.

It can be identified by its cylinder, which is in two halves and is secured in the middle with a wide black band. The yellow lettering is printed directly on the surface of the grenade and reads "GRENADE HAND - OFFENSIVE MK3A2 - TNT".

The grenades weigh 0.96 lbs. each.[4] They come packed in crates of 30 grenades.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.inert-ord.net/usa03a/usa1/index.html Inert Ord - Grenades of World War 1
  2. ^ Dockery, Kevin. Weapons of the Navy SEALs, Berkley Publishing Group, New York (2004). p.237
  3. ^ Dockery, Kevin. Weapons of the Navy SEALs, Berkley Publishing Group, New York (2004). p.237
  4. ^ Dockery, Kevin. Weapons of the Navy SEALs, Berkley Publishing Group, New York (2004). p.237