MK One

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For the Radiohead song "MK 1", see In Rainbows.
MK One
Former type Limited
Industry Fashion retail
Fate Administration; many stores bought by Internacionale
Founded 1970s
Founders Mark Brafman
Defunct 2009
Headquarters Acton, London (HQ)
Number of locations 125 (pre-Internacionale takeover)
Area served United Kingdom
Products Clothing (principally womens')
Owners Internacionale Retail
Employees 800 (approx) (2,500 May 2008)

MK One was a British fashion retailer.

History[edit]

Beginnings as Mark One[edit]

The company was founded by in the 1980s by Mark Brafman, Les Lucy and Alan Simons as Mark One, and became a discount womenswear retailer. In February 1996 Mark One was bought from administration[1] by billionaire Philip Green, owner of BHS. Shami Ahmed had also made a failed bid for the company in 1996. In the 2000s, a change to the firm's logo saw the firm's name begin to be commonly spelt as "MK One". In 2003 Green sold most of stake in MK One, whilst keeping 10%, to Elaine McPherson, the managing director, and David Thompson, the finance director.[2]

Sale to Baugur[edit]

In November 2004, the 177 store MK One chain was bought by the Icelandic group Baugur for £55 million (this included £11 million worth of debts);[3] in February 2009 Baugur itself entered the equivalent of administration.[4] Les Johnston became chief executive, and Andy Hall became finance director. Johnston and Hall took a 20% stake in the chain, while Baugur, had a 41% shareholding. The banks Landsbanki and Barclays provided debt, taking 36% of Mk One. Arev, a consulting firm, took 3%. McPherson and Thompson left the group. Baugur had planned to expand to chain to around 450 stores. In 2007 the company made losses of £17.4 million.[5]

Sale to Hilco, administration and sale to Brafman[edit]

In May 2008, a majority stake in the 170 store company was sold to Hilco, a restructuring specialist.[6] Three weeks later in May, Hilco appointed Deloitte as administrators, to find a buyer for MK One.[7] The company was sold from administration back to Mark Brafman, its founder, via Jet Star Retail. Bali Singh took over as boss when Brafman left in October, and Singh tried to acquire more funds to allow the business to continue.[8] One of the company's suppliers, which had not been paid, started the bankruptcy proceedings. Around 60 of the stores were closed.

Administration and sale to Internacionale Retail[edit]

Deloitte continued to act for MK One’s original lenders, but was forced to place MK One into administration with Leonard Curtis. On 20 November, the 125 store chain entered administration, putting 1,400 jobs at risk. Leonard Curtis said that there had been a number of expressions of interest for the company.[9]

On 25 November, 80 stores were sold by administrators (Neil Bennett of Leonard Curtis) to Internacionale Retail. 45 stores closed, but around 800 jobs saved.[10] The Indian textiles group S Kumars Nationwide purchased Glasgow-based Internacionale earlier in 2008. The head office in Acton, west London, was closed. By May 2009 all Mk One stores that were purchased by Internacionale had been rebranded under that firm's name.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lionheart who just keeps on truckin'". Yorkshire Post. 2006-02-26. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  2. ^ "£50m buyout at Mk One". This is Money. 2003-07-13. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  3. ^ Mesure, Susie (2004-11-15). "Baugur to expand Mk One chain after £55m purchase". London: The Independent. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  4. ^ "Hamleys investor seeks protection". BBC News. 2009-02-04. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  5. ^ Hawkes, Steve (2008-05-02). "Baugur sells high street fashion chain MK One". London: The Times. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  6. ^ Lynam, Joe (2008-05-02). "Invoice worries as MK One is sold". BBC News. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  7. ^ Hawkes, Steve; Thompson, Susan (2008-05-21). "MK One falls into administration weeks after sale". London: The Times. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  8. ^ Thompson, James (2008-10-28). "Mark One founder sells fashion retailer months after rescue". London: The Independent. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  9. ^ Power, Helen (2008-11-21). "Christmas cancelled at MK One as it collapses". London: The Times. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  10. ^ Lea, Robert (2008-11-25). "MK One stores sale saves 800 jobs". London: The Daily Mail. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  11. ^ Internacionale company profile, including reference to takeover of Mk One stores