Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China

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Ministry of Commerce
商务部
Shāngwùbù
Agency overview
Preceding Agency Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation
Jurisdiction  People's Republic of China
Headquarters Beijing
Minister responsible Gao Hucheng
Parent agency State Council
Website www.mofcom.gov.cn

The Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM) of the Government of the People's Republic of China, formerly Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation (对外贸易经济合作部, MOFTEC) is an executive agency of the State Council of China. It is responsible for formulating policy on foreign trade, export and import regulations, foreign direct investments, consumer protection, market competition and negotiating bilateral and multilateral trade agreements. The current Commerce minister is Gao Hucheng.

History[edit]

In November 1949, the People's Republic of China established the Ministry of Trade (贸易部).

In August 1952, the Ministry was renamed to Ministry of Foreign Trade (对外贸易部). Ye Jizhuang was the first Minister and died in the post in 1967.

In March 1982, the Ministry of Foreign Trade was merged with the Ministry of Foreign Economic liaison (对外经济联络部), the State Import and Export Regulation Commission (国家进出口管理委员会), and the State Foreign Investment Regulation Commission (国家外国投资管理委员会), and became the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade (对外经济贸易部).

In March 1993, the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade was renamed to the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation.

In the spring of 2003, the former Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation (MOFTEC) went through a reorganization and was renamed Ministry of Commerce.

The ministry also incorporates the former State Economic and Trade Commission (SETC) and the State Development Planning Commission (SDPC).


 
Ministry of Trade
(1949)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ministry of Foreign Trade Ministry of Foreign Economic liaison State Import and Export Regulation Commission State Foreign Investment Regulation Commission
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation
(1993)
State Economic and Trade Commission State Development Planning Commission
(1998)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ministry of Commerce
(2003)
 

List of Commerce Ministers[edit]

Name Took office Left office
Minister of Trade
1 Ye Jizhuang (叶季壮) October 1949 1952
Minister of Foreign Trade
2 Ye Jizhuang (叶季壮) 1952 June 1967
acting Lin Haiyun (林海云) September 1965 July 1970
post abolished
Director of State Import and Export Regulation Commission
and State Foreign Investment Regulation Commission
3 Gu Mu (谷牧) August 1979 March 1982
Minister of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade
4 Chen Muhua (陈慕华) March 1982 March 1985
5 Zheng Tuobin (郑拓彬) March 1985 November 1990
6 Li Lanqing November 1990 March 1993
Minister of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation
7 Wu Yi March 1993 March 1998
8 Shi Guangsheng March 1998 March 2003
Minister of Commerce
9 Lü Fuyuan March 2003 February 2004
10 Bo Xilai February 2004 December 2007
11 Chen Deming December 2007 16 March 2013
12 Gao Hucheng 16 March 2013 Incumbent

Departmental Structure[edit]

The Ministry of Commerce is structured into the following departments:[1]

Departments
Foreign Economic Cooperation
Fair Trade for Import and Export
Market Economic Order
Foreign Investment Administration
Market Operation
Aid to Foreign Countries
Treaty and Law
WTO Affairs
Trade in Services
Market System
Specialized
Commercial Reform
Asian Affairs
Western Asian & African Affairs
American & Oceanian Affairs
International Trade and Economic Affairs
Taiwan, Hong Kong & Macao
General Economic Affairs
Foreign Trade
Electromechanical Products & Science and Technology Industry
Administrative / Corporate Services
General Office
Human Resources
Policy Research
Finance
Injury Investigation
Negotiation Office
Retired Officials
Committee of Communist Party
Discipline Supervision & Investigation Group
Bureau of Discipline Supervision

MOFCOM and the CEPA[edit]

Acting Assistant Attorney General for the Antitrust Division Joseph Wayland and FTC Chairman Jon Leibowitz with MOFCOM Vice Minister Gao Hucheng and State Administration for Industry and Commerce (SAIC) Vice Minister Teng Jiacai on September 25, 2012.

MOFCOM's responsibility includes fostering closer partnership between the economies of the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau, respectively, with the economy of the rest of the People's Republic of China. To that end the Vice Minister An Min, and the previous Financial Secretary of Hong Kong, Antony Leung, concluded the Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement (CEPA). New agreements are continually negotiated between An and the current Financial Secretary John Tsang under the auspices of the CEPA. Similar agreements were also concluded between the MOFCOM and Secretariat for Economy and Finance of Macau.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]