Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States
The Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, also known by its acronym MOLLUS or simply as the Loyal Legion, is a United States patriotic order, organized April 15, 1865, by officers of the Army, Navy, or Marine Corps of the United States who "had aided in maintaining the honor, integrity, and supremacy of the national movement" during the American Civil War. They stated as their purpose the cherishing the memories and associations of the war waged in defense of the unity and indivisibility of the Republic; the strengthening of the ties of fraternal fellowship and sympathy formed by companionship in arms; the relief of the widows and children of dead companions of the order; and the advancement of the general welfare of the soldiers and sailors of the United States. The modern organization is composed of descendants of these officers (hereditary members), and others who share the ideals of the Order (associate members), who collectively are considered "Companions".
- 1 Origins
- 2 MOLLUS Commanders-in-Chief
- 3 Prominent Companions
- 4 References
- 5 Further reading
- 6 External links
Following the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln on April 14, 1865, rumors spread that the act had been part of a wider conspiracy to overthrow the legally constituted government of the United States by assassinating its chief men. Many people at first gave credence to these rumors, including three of the officers assigned to the honor guard for Lincoln's body as it was transported to Springfield, Illinois, for burial; these three men, Brevet Lt. Col. Samuel Brown Wylie Mitchell, Lt. Col. Thomas Ellwood Zell, and Captain Peter Dirck Keyser, are considered the founders of the Order. To demonstrate their loyalty, they decided to form a "Legion" modeled on the post-Revolutionary War Society of the Cincinnati. The Loyal Legion was organized largely during the same meetings that planned Lincoln's funeral (as well as during a mass meeting of Philadelphia war veterans on April 20), culminating in a meeting on May 31, 1865, in Independence Hall in Philadelphia, at which the name was chosen.
Originally, the Order was composed of three classes of members:
- Officers who had fought in the Army, Navy, or Marine Corps of the United States in the suppression of the Rebellion, or enlisted men who had so served and were subsequently commissioned in the regular forces of the United States, constituted the "Original Companions of the First Class." The eldest direct male lineal descendants of deceased Original Companions or deceased eligible officers could be admitted as "hereditary Companions of the First Class."
- "Companions of the Second Class" were the eldest direct male lineal descendants of living Original Companions or of living individuals who were eligible for membership in the First Class. (The use of the Rule of Primogeniture was abolished in 1905 for both the First and Second classes of membership, opening membership to all male lineal descendants; and as the former officers died off, the Second Class of Companions was discontinued.)
- The Third Class comprised distinguished civilians who had rendered faithful and conspicuous service to the Union during the Civil War. No new elections to this class have been made since 1890.
The Loyal Legion grew rapidly in the late 19th Century and had Companions in every Northern state, and also in many of the states that had once formed the Confederacy. The Commandery in Chief was established on October 21, 1885 with authority over the 14 state commanderies then in existence. Previously, the Pennsylvania Commandery functioned as the "first among equals" of the commanderies as it was both the oldest and largest.
At its height at the very end of the 19th Century, the Order had more than 8,000 Civil War veterans as active members, including nearly all notable general and flag officers and several presidents: Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, Philip H. Sheridan, George B. McClellan, Rutherford B. Hayes, Chester A. Arthur, Benjamin Harrison, and William McKinley. The Order's fame was great enough to inspire John Philip Sousa to compose the "Loyal Legion March" in its honor in 1890.
Today, the Order serves more as an hereditary society (descendants of eligible officers) than as a functioning military order. Among other activities, Companions organize and participate in commemorative events, provide awards to deserving ROTC cadets, and assist with preservation efforts. Of special note is that, each year, the Loyal Legion commemorates President Lincoln's birthday with a wreath-laying ceremony at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. In 2009, the MOLLUS helped coordinate an extended tribute with the help of the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission to celebrate the two-hundredth anniversary of Lincoln's birthday.
There are now three basic categories of membership: Hereditary, Associate (non-hereditary), and Honorary. As many Original Companions of the Order were also members of the Grand Army of the Republic (the "GAR"), many current Companions of the Order are also members of the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War, the legal heir to the GAR.
Organizationally, the Loyal Legion is composed of a National Commandery-in-Chief and individual state Commanderies. There are currently 19 state Commanderies and two Provisional Commanderies. Current national officers include Commander-in-Chief Waldron Kintzing "Kinny" Post of New York, Senior Vice-Commander-in-Chief James Alan Simmons of Texas, and Junior Vice-Commander-in-Chief Eric Armando Rojo of the District of Columbia. The Immediate past Commander-in-Chief is Jeffry Christian Burden of Virginia.
- Major General George Cadwalader - First MOLLUS Commander-in-Chief, 1865-1879. (Died in office.)
- Major General Winfield Scott Hancock - 1879-1886. (Died in office.)
- General Philip H. Sheridan - 1886-1888. (Died in office.)
- Major General Rutherford B. Hayes - 1888-1893. (Died in office.)
- Rear Admiral John J. Almy - 1893.
- Brigadier General Lucius Fairchild - 1893-1895.
- Major General John Gibbon - 1895-1896. (Died in office.)
- Rear Admiral Bancroft Gherardi - 1896-1899.
- Lieutenant General John M. Schofield - 1899-1903.
- Major General David McMurtrie Gregg - 1903-1905.
- Major General John R. Brooke - 1905-1907.
- Major General Grenville M. Dodge - 1907-1909.
- Lieutenant General John C. Bates - 1909-1911.
- Rear Admiral George W. Melville - 1911-1912. (Died in office.)
- Lieutenant General Arthur MacArthur - 1912. (Died in office.)
- Colonel Arnold A. Rand - 1912-1913.
- Brigadier General Thomas H. Hubbard - 1913-1915. (Died in office.)
- Rear Admiral Louis Kempff - 1915.
- Lieutenant General Samuel B.M. Young - 1915-1919.
- Lieutenant General Nelson A. Miles - 1919-1925. (Died in office.)
- Rear Admiral Purnell F. Harrington - 1925-1927.
- Master Robert M. Thompson, USN - 1927-1930. (Died in office.)
- Brigadier General Samuel W. Fountain - 1930. (Died in office.)
- Major George Mason - 1930-1931.
- Captain William P. Wright - 1931-1933. (Died in office.) (Last Civil War veteran to serve as MOLLUS commander-in-chief.)
- Colonel Hugh Means - 1933-1935.
- Colonel William Ennis Forbes - 1935-1940. (Resigned.)
- Major General Malvern Hill Barnum - 1940-1941.
- Mr. James Vernor, Jr. - 1941-1947 (First MOLLUS commander-in-chief who did not serve in the armed forces of the United States.)
- Rear Admiral Reginald R. Belknap, USN - 1947-1951.
- Donald H. Whittemore - 1951-1953
- Commander William C. Duval, USNR - 1953-1957
- Major General Ulysses S. Grant III - 1957-1961.
- Lieutenant Colonel Donald M. Liddell, Jr., USAR - 1961-1962. (Resigned.)
- Lieutenant Colonel H. Durston Saylor II, USAR - 1962-1964.
- Major General Clayton B. Volgel, USMC - 1964. (Died in office.)
- Colonel Walter E. Hopper, USAR - 1964-1967.
- Lieutenant Colonel Lenahan O'Connell, USAR - 1967-1971.
Note - the ranks indicated are the highest the individual held in the armed forces of the United States and not necessarily the highest rank held during the Civil War.
Presidents of the United States
- Abraham Lincoln (Captain in the Illinois Militia) - Posthumously enrolled.
- Ulysses S. Grant (General) - Veteran Companion.
- Rutherford B. Hayes (Brevet Major General of Volunteers) - Veteran Companion and MOLLUS Commander in Chief from 1888 to 1893.
- Chester A. Arthur (Brigadier General in the New York Militia) - 3rd class Companion.
- Benjamin Harrison (Brevet Brigadier General of Volunteers) - Veteran Companion.
- William McKinley (Brevet Major of Volunteers) - Veteran Companion.
- Herbert Hoover - Honorary Companion.
- Dwight Eisenhower (General of the Army) - Honorary Companion.
Vice President Hannibal Hamlin, who had served under President Lincoln from 1861 to 1865, was elected as a MOLLUS companion of the 3rd Class.
Vice President Henry Wilson, who served under President Grant from 1873 until his death in 1875, was colonel of the 22nd Massachusetts Infantry and a MOLLUS companion of the first class.
A limited number of individuals may be elected as Honorary Companions
- Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz - Commander in Chief of the Pacific Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations.
- General of the Army Omar Bradley - Honorary MOLLUS companion and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
United States Army
Note - The rank indicated is the highest held either in the Regular Army or the Volunteers.
- General William Tecumseh Sherman - United States Army Commanding General.
- General Philip H. Sheridan - United States Army Commanding General and MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1886-1888.
- Lieutenant General John M. Schofield - United States Army Commanding General and MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1899-1903.
- Lieutenant General Nelson A. Miles - United States Army Commanding General and MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1919-1925.
- Lieutenant General John C. Bates - Army Chief of Staff and MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1909-1911.
- Lieutenant General Adna R. Chaffee - United States Army Chief of Staff.
- Lieutenant General Samuel B.M. Young - First United States Army Chief of Staff and MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1915-1919.
- Lieutenant General Arthur MacArthur - Medal of Honor recipient and MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1912. (Father of General Douglas MacArthur.)
- Brevet Lieutenant General Winfield Scott - United States Army Commanding General (1841-1861) and hero of the War of 1812.
- Major General Thomas M. Anderson - Nephew of Brevet Major General Robert Anderson.
- Major General Christopher C. Augur - Veteran of the Mexican War and wounded in action at the Battle of Cedar Mountain.
- Major General Nathaniel P. Banks - Governor of Massachusetts and Congressman.
- Major General Zenas Bliss - Medal of Honor recipient.
- Major General Joseph Cabell Breckinridge, Sr.
- Major General John R. Brooke - MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1905-1907.
- Major General Ambrose Burnside - Governor of Rhode Island and United States Senator.
- Major General George Cadwalader - First MOLLUS Commander and Chief, 1865-1879.
- Major General Silas Casey - Career Army Officer.
- Major General John Clem - Youngest Union soldier in the Civil War.
- Major General George Armstrong Custer - Legendary Cavalryman and cultural icon.
- Major General Napoleon J.T. Dana
- Major General John A. Dix - Governor of New York, Secretary of the Treasury and United States Senator.
- Major General Grenville M. Dodge - MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1907-1909.
- Major General Francis Fessenden - Lost a leg while commanding a brigade in the Red River Campaign.
- Major General James W. Forsyth - Commander of the 7th Cavalry Regiment at the Wounded Knee Massacre.
- Major General William B. Franklin
- Major General John Gibbon - MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1895-1896.
- Major General George L. Gillespie - Medal of Honor recipient, Chief Engineer and Assistant Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
- Major General Adolphus Greely - Arctic explorer and Medal of Honor recipient.
- Major General George S. Greene - Hero of Culp's Hill in the Battle of Gettysburg.
- Major General Schuyler Hamilton - Grandson of Alexander Hamilton.
- Major General Winfield Scott Hancock - MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1879-1886.
- Major General Oliver Otis Howard - Founder and namesake of Howard University.
- Major General Henry Jackson Hunt - Commanded Union artillery during Picket's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg.
- Major General Erasmus D. Keyes
- Major General John A. Logan - Founder of Memorial Day, United States Senator and Vice Presidential candidate.
- Major General George B. McClellan - United States Army Commanding General.
- Major General Robert Patterson
- Major General John Pope
- Major General William S. Rosecrans
- Major General Thomas H. Ruger
- Major General William R. Shafter - Commander of V Corps in Cuba during the Spanish-American War.
- Major General Thomas W. Sherman
- Major General Henry W. Slocum
- Major General David S. Stanley - Medal of Honor recipient.
- Major General George H. Thomas - Hero of the Battles of Chikamagua, Chattanooga and Nashville.
- Major General Frank Wheaton
- Brevet Major General Adelbert Ames - Governor of and Senator from Mississippi.
- Brevet Major General Russell A. Alger - Secretary of War during the Spanish-American War.
- Brevet Major General Nicholas Longworth Anderson - Nephew of Brigadier General Robert Anderson and father of Ambassador Larz Anderson.
- Brevet Major General Robert Anderson - Hero of Fort Sumter.
- Brevet Major General Absalom Baird - Medal of Honor recipient.
- Brevet Major General John G. Barnard - Distinguished military engineer.
- Brevet Major General George L. Beal - Treasurer of Maine.
- Brevet Major General John Milton Brannan - Career Army officer. Served in Mexican and Civil Wars.
- Brevet Major General Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain - Hero of Little Round Top in the Battle of Gettysburg and Governor of Maine.
- Brevet Major General Philip St. George Cooke - Author of cavalry tactics.
- Brevet Major General James Deering Fessenden
- Brevet Major General George W. Getty
- Brevet Major General David McM. Gregg - Cavalry commander.
- Brevet Major General Albion P. Howe - Veteran of both the Mexican War and the Civil War.
- Brevet Major General George H. Nye -Commander of the 29th Maine Regiment.
- Brevet Major General Theodore S. Peck - Medal of Honor recipient.
- Brigadier General John Jacob Astor III - Philanthropist and socialite.
- Brigadier General Richard Napoleon Batchelder - Quartermaster General and Medal of Honor recipient.
- Brigadier General Thomas Lincoln Casey - Engineer who completed the Washington Monument.
- Brigadier General Thomas L. Crittenden
- Brigadier General Edgar S. Dudley
- Brigadier General Charles P. Eagan - U.S. Army Commissary General court martialed during the "embalmed beef" scandal during the Spanish-American War.
- Brigadier General Lucius Fairchild - MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1893-1895; Governor of Wisconsin and Minister to Spain.
- Brigadier General Samuel W. Fountain - MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1930.
- Brigadier General Lucius F. Hubbard - Governor of Minnesota. Veteran of both the Civil War and the Spanish-American War.
- Brigadier General Galusha Pennypacker - Yongest general in the Civil War.
- Brigadier General Alexander Cummings McWhorter Pennington, Jr. - Career Army officer.
- Brigadier General Richard Henry Pratt - Founder of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School.
- Brigadier General Elisha Hunt Rhodes - Diarist.
- Brigadier General Julius Stahel - Hungarian-American Medal of Honor recipient and diplomat.
- Brigadier General George Miller Sternberg - U.S. Army Surgeon General.
- Brigadier General Samuel Whitside - Major of the 7th Cavalry Regiment at the Wounded Knee Massacre.
- Brigadier General Horatio Gouverneur Wright - Chief Engineer of the United States Army.
- Brevet Brigadier General Charles Francis Adams, Jr. - Railroad commissioner.
- Brevet Brigadier General Charles Brayton - Rhode Island postmaster and political boss.
- Brevet Brigadier General Horace Porter - Medal of Honor recipient and Ambassador to France.
- Brevet Brigadier General Samuel Miller Quincy - Mayor of New Orleans.
- Brevet Brigadier General Augustus B. R. Sprague - Mayor of Worchester, Massachusetts.
- Brevet Brigadier General Hazard Stevens - Medal of Honor recipient.
- Brevet Brigadier General Stephen Minot Weld Jr. - Businessman and horticulturalist.
- Brevet Brigadier General Joseph N. G. Whistler
- Brevet Colonel Benjamin W. Crowninshield - Aide de camp to General Philip Sheridan.
- Brevet Colonel Johnston de Peyster - Raised first Union flag over Richmond in 1865.
- Brevet Colonel Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. - Supreme Court associate justice.
- Brevet Colonel Washington A. Roebling - Engineer of the Brooklyn Bridge.
- Lieutenant Colonel Eli Lilly - Pharmaceutical chemist, industrialist and entrepreneur.
- Lieutenant Colonel T. Elwood Zell - Founder of MOLLUS.
- Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Henry A. du Pont - Medal of Honor recipient, industrialist and United States senator.
- Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Robert Hale Ives Goddard - Businessman and reformist politician.
- Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Brown Wylie Mitchell - Founder of MOLLUS.
- Major Augustus P. Davis - Founder of the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War.
- Major Asa Bird Gardiner - Lawyer, author and controversial political figure.
- Major John Mead Gould - Author, diarist and banker.
- Surgeon John Maynard Woodworth - First Surgeon General of the United States.
- Brevet Major Rufus King, Jr. - Medal of Honor recipient.
- Brevet Major George Mason - MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1930-1932.
- Captain Edward Lyon Buchwalter - Business executive.
- Captain and Governor Elisha Dyer - Governor of Rhode Island.
- Captain Peter Dirck Keyser - Founder of MOLLUS.
- Captain Robert Todd Lincoln - Son of President Abraham Lincoln.
- Captain Prince Philippe, Count of Paris (a.k.a. Philippe d'Orleans) - Claimant to French throne.
- 1st Lieutenant Charles A. Longfellow - Son of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
- 1st Lieutenant John L. Mitchell - United States Senator and father of aviation prophet Billy Mitchell.
- 1st Lieutenant Amos Madden Thayer - Federal Judge.
- 2nd Lieutenant Marcus A. Hanna - U.S. Senator and political boss.
- Chaplain Charles Comfort Tiffany - Episcopal clergyman.
- Admiral of the Navy George Dewey - Hero of the Battle of Manila Bay. Senior Navy Admrial, 1898-1917.
- Admiral David G. Farragut - Hero of the Battle of Mobile Bay. Senior Navy Admiral 1862-1870.
- Admiral David D. Porter - Senior Navy admiral from 1870 to 1891.
- Vice Admiral Stephen Clegg Rowan - Mexican War and Civil War veteran.
- Rear Admiral John J. Almy - MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1893.
- Rear Admiral Cipriano Andrade - First U.S. Navy admiral born in Mexico.
- Rear Admiral Theodorus Bailey
- Rear Admiral John R. Bartlett - Oceanographer.
- Rear Admiral George E. Belknap
- Rear Admiral and Brevet Major General Samuel P. Carter - Only person to have been an admiral in the U.S. Navy and also a general in the U.S. Army.
- Rear Admiral Silas Casey, III
- Rear Admiral French Ensor Chadwick - President of the Naval War College.
- Rear Admiral Charles Edgar Clark - Captain of the USS Oregon during the Spanish-American War.
- Rear Admiral Charles Henry Davis
- Rear Admiral Nehemiah Dyer - At both Battle of Mobile Bay and Battle of Manila Bay.
- Rear Admiral Robley D. Evans - Commander of the Great White Fleet.
- Rear Admiral Norman von Heldreich Farquhar
- Rear Admiral William M. Folger
- Rear Admiral Bancroft Gherardi - MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1896-1899.
- Rear Admiral Caspar F. Goodrich - President of the Naval War College.
- Rear Admiral Purnell F. Harrington - MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1925-1927.
- Rear Admiral Louis Kempff - MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1915.
- Rear Admiral Lewis A. Kimberly
- Rear Admiral Stephen B. Luce - Founder of the United States Naval War College.
- Rear Admiral Bowman H. McCalla - Captured Guantanamo Bay, Cuba in 1898.
- Rear Admiral Richard Worsam Meade
- Rear Admiral George W. Melville - MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1911-1912.
- Rear Admiral John Porter Merrell - President of the Naval War College.
- Rear Admiral William Radford
- Rear Admiral Frederick Rodgers
- Rear Admiral William T. Sampson - Commander of Naval Forces at the Battle of Santiago.
- Rear Admiral Thomas O. Selfridge
- Rear Admiral Thomas O. Selfridge, Jr.
- Rear Admiral Winfield Scott Schley - Commanded cruiser USS Brooklyn at the Battle of Santiago.
- Rear Admiral Charles D. Sigsbee - Commanding officer of the USS Maine.
- Rear Admiral Charles Stewart - Hero of the War of 1812.
- Rear Admiral Charles H. Stockton - President of the Naval War College.
- Rear Admiral William T. Swinburne
- Rear Admiral Henry Clay Taylor - President of the Naval War College.
- Rear Admiral John G. Walker
- Rear Admiral Frank Wildes - Captain of the cruiser USS Boston at the Battle of Manila Bay.
- Rear Admiral John L. Worden - Commanding officer of the USS Monitor.
- Commodore William H. Macomb
- Commodore William F. Spicer
- Commodore William T. Truxton
- Master Robert M. Thompson - MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1927-1930.
- Ensign Aaron Vanderbilt
United States Marine Corps
- Major General Charles Heywood - Commandant of the United States Marine Corps.
- Brigadier General Henry Clay Cochrane - Veteran of the Civil War, Spanish-American War and Boxer Rebellion.
- Brigadier General James Forney
- Brigadier General Percival Pope - Recipient of the Marine Corps Brevet Medal.
- Brigadier General Jacob Zeilin - Commandant of the United States Marine Corps.
- Colonel Robert W. Huntington - Commanded the 1st Marine Battalion at Guantanamo Bay in 1898.
- Colonel Charles Grymes McCawley - Commandant of the United States Marine Corps.
- Lieutenant Colonel John L. Broome
- Major and Paymaster John C. Cash
3rd Class Companions
From 1865 to 1890 a limited number of civilians who contributed outstanding service to the Union during the Civil War were elected into the Order as 3rd Class Companions.
- Alexander D. Bache - Topographical engineer.
- Salmon P. Chase - Secretary of the Treasury.
- John Watts de Peyster - Major General in the New York Militia.
- William C. Endicott - Secretary of War.
- John M. Forbes - Railroad magnate, philanthropist and abolitionist.
- Lafayette S. Foster - United States Senator from Connecticut.
- Edward Everett Hale - Unitarian clergyman and abolitionist.
- William W. Hoppin - Governor of Rhode Island.
- David Jerome - State senator from Michigan.
- Benito Juarez - President of Mexico.
- Frederic W. Lincoln - Mayor of Boston.
- George W. McCrary - Secretary of War under President Hayes.
- Frederick Law Olmstead - Secretary of the United States Sanitary Commission and designer of Central Park.
- John S. Pillsbury - Founder of the Pillsbury Company and Governor of Minnesota.
- Alexander H. Rice - Mayor of Boston, Congressman and Governor of Massachusetts.
- Theodore Roosevelt, Sr. - Treasurer of the Union League Club and father of President Theodore Roosevelt.
- William H. Seward - Secretary of State.
- James Speed - Attorney General.
- William Sprague - Governor of Rhode Island.
- Edwin M. Stanton - Secretary of War.
- John P. Usher - Secretary of the Interior.
- Gideon Welles - Secretary of the Navy.
Originally, MOLLUS had 2nd Class Companions who were the eldest sons of Companions of the First Class (ie. Veteran Union officer or their descendants). 2nd Class Companions became First Class Companions upon the death of their father. This practice was discontinued in 1905 when the MOLLUS constitution was changed allow any direct male descendant of a Union officer to become a MOLLUS Companion. Later, the eligibility rules were changed to allow nephews of Union officers to become a MOLLUS Companions.
- Brigadier General Charles Wheaton Abbot, Jr. - Adjutant General of Rhode Island.
- Ambassador Larz Anderson - Diplomat and socialite.
- Henry L. P. Beckwith, Jr. - Historian and genealogist.
- Rear Admiral Reginald R. Belknap - MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1947-1951.
- Zenas Work Bliss - Lieutenant Governor of Rhode Island.
- Congressman Henry S. Boutell - Minister to Switzerland.
- John Nicholas Brown II - Philanthropist.
- Lieutenant General Adna R. Chaffee, Jr. - Father of the U.S. Army armored force.
- Brigadier General Elisha Dyer, Jr. - Governor of Rhode Island.
- Major General Ulysses S. Grant III - MOLLUS Commander in Chief, 1957-1961.
- Brigadier General Webb Hayes - Medal of Honor recipient and son of President Rutherford B. Hayes.
- Captain Arthur MacArthur III, USN - Brother of General Douglas MacArthur.
- General of the Army Douglas MacArthur - Legendary general.
- Brigadier General Charles L. McCawley, USMC
- Major General Billy Mitchell - Military air power prophet.
- Prince Philippe, Duke of Orleans - Claimant to the French throne.
- Major General Clayton Barney Vogel, USMC - Founder of the Navajo Code Talkers.
- General Jonathan Wainwright - Medal of Honor recipient.
- Major Robert Powell Page Wainwright
- Ambassador Henry L. Wilson - Ambassador to Mexico.
- Frank J. Williams - Retired Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court.
Eligible but did not join
Several noteworthy Union officers did not become MOLLUS companions.
Newspaper magnate James Gordon Bennett, Jr., Brevet Brigadier General Kit Carson, Major General John C. Fremont, Captain Charles Vernon Gridley, USN, Brevet Major General William S. Harney, Rear Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan, USN, Major General George Meade, Major General Edward Ord, Brevet Brigadier General Sylvanus Thayer, Major General John E. Wool.
- Carroon, Robert G. and Dana B. Shoaf, (2001). Union Blue : The History of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Shippensburg, PA: White Mane Books. ISBN 1-57249-190-6. LCCN 00049955.
- Official website
- MOLLUS-organized marker for Union POWs buried in Richmond, Virginia
- MOLLUS-Massachusetts Photograph Collection US Army Heritage and Education Center, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania