APL Poland, an identical sister ship of MOL Comfort
|Name:||MOL Comfort (2012–2013)
APL Russia (2008–2012)
|Owner:||Ural Container Carriers SA (2011–2013)
MOL Euro-Orient Shipping SA (2008–2011)
|Charterer:||Mitsui O.S.K. Lines (MOL) (2012-2013)
American President Lines (APL) (2008–2012)
|Port of registry:||Nassau, Bahamas|
|Builder:||Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Nagasaki, Japan|
|Laid down:||23 August 2007|
|Launched:||8 March 2008|
|Completed:||14 July 2008|
|Identification:||Call sign: C6XF2
IMO number: 9358761
MMSI number: 311006900
|Fate:||Broke in two on 17 June 2013. Stern section sank on 27 June and bow section on 11 July.|
|Length:||316 m (1,037 ft)|
|Beam:||45.6 m (150 ft)|
|Draught:||14.5 m (48 ft)|
|Depth:||25 m (82 ft)|
|Installed power:||Mitsubishi-Sulzer 11RT-flex96C (62,920 kW)|
|Propulsion:||Single shaft; fixed-pitch propeller|
|Speed:||25.25 knots (46.76 km/h; 29.06 mph)|
MOL Comfort was a 2008-built Bahamian-flagged post-Panamax container ship chartered by Mitsui O.S.K. Lines. On 17 June 2013, she broke into two about 200 nautical miles (370 km; 230 mi) off the coast of Yemen. The aft section sank on 27 June and the bow section, after having been destroyed by fire, on 11 July.
One of twelve ships of similar design, MOL Comfort was laid down at Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Nagasaki shipyard in Japan on 23 August 2007 and launched on 8 March 2008 as APL Russia for charter to APL (formerly American President Lines). She was completed on 14 July 2008. On 1 June 2012, APL Russia was transferred to Mitsui O.S.K. Lines' Europe-Asia route and renamed MOL Comfort.
On 17 June 2013, MOL Comfort suffered a crack amidships in bad weather about 200 nautical miles (370 km; 230 mi) off the coast of Yemen and eventually broke into two. The vessel was underway from Singapore to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, with a cargo of 4,382 containers equivalent to 7,041 TEU. The crew of 26—11 Russians, one Ukrainian and 14 Filipinos—abandoned the ship and were rescued from two life rafts and a lifeboat by the German-flagged container ship Yantian Express, one of three vessels diverted to the site of incident by ICG Mumbai. After the structural failure, both sections remained afloat with the majority of the cargo intact and began drifting in an east-northeast direction. Smit Salvage Singapore was contracted to tow the sections to safety.
On 24 June, four oceangoing tugboats arrived at the scene and began towing the bow section to safety. However, before any salvage operations of the stern section could commence, water ingress was reported on 26 June. On the following day, the stern sank at to a depth of 4,000 metres (13,000 ft). Some of the approximately 1,700 containers onboard were later confirmed floating near the site. While no major oil leak was reported, the stern section was said to contain about 1,500 tons of fuel.
On 2 July, the tow of the bow section broke free in adverse weather, but the towing line was successfully reattached on the following day. However, on 6 July a fire broke out in the rear part of the bow section. Unable to get the blaze under control in the adverse weather conditions, the salvage vessels requested assistance from an Indian Coast Guard patrol boat equipped with a powerful external fire fighting system. By 10 July, most of the 2,400 containers onboard had been destroyed by fire and in the following night, the damaged bow section sank at to a depth of 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) with what remained of the cargo and 1,600 metric tons of fuel oil in the tanks. No spill apart from a thin oil film on the surface has been reported, but some containers were spotted floating around the sinking site. The cause of the fire remains unknown.
The exact cause of the accident is not known. On 4 July, Mitsui O.S.K. Lines appointed Lloyd's Register to support investigations into the cause of the incident. As a precaution, the sister ships of MOL Comfort were withdrawn from the same route and their hull structures will be upgraded to increase the longitudinal strength. In addition, operational changes will be carried out to reduce the stresses on the vessels' hulls.
The sinking of MOL Comfort cost the insurers between 300 and 400 million dollars in claims. The hull and machinery of the vessel were insured for $66 million. By December 2014, the insurers (Tokio Marine & Nichido Fire Insurance Co.) were among 100 companies, including Mitsui O.S.K. Lines Ltd., who had launched lawsuits against MHI, reportedly on the grounds that the accident and consequent loss of ship and cargo was caused by a design flaw in the freighter.
With an overall length of 316 metres (1,037 ft) long, moulded beam of 45.6 metres (150 ft) and fully laden draught of 14.5 metres (48 ft), MOL Comfort was too large to transit the Panama canal and was thus referred to as a post-Panamax container ship. She measured 86,692 in gross tonnage and 48,825 in net tonnage, and had a deadweight tonnage of 90,613 tonnes. The container capacity of the ship, measured in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU), was 8,110 of which 4,616 TEU is stored on the deck and 3,494 TEU in the holds.
Like most large container ships, MOL Comfort was propelled by a single low-speed two-stroke crosshead diesel engine coupled to a fixed-pitch propeller. Her main engine, a 11-cylinder licence-manufactured Mitsubishi-Sulzer 11RT-flex96C, was rated at 62,920 kW (84,380 hp) at 102 rpm and was capable of propelling the ship at 25.25 knots (46.76 km/h; 29.06 mph). In addition, she had six auxiliary diesel generators with a combined output of 14,625 kVa.
In modern container ships, the hatch side coamings are subjected to the highest stress levels of all structural members in the ship due to the large openings in the strength deck that are necessary for loading and unloading of containers in the cargo holds. In order to cope with this problem, plate thicknesses up to 90 millimetres (3.5 in) are used to keep the stress levels acceptable. MOL Comfort's sister ship, 2007-built MOL Creation, was the first container ship classified by Nippon Kaiji Kyokai to utilize ultra high-strength steel with a yield strength of 470 MPa in these structures to reduce the steel weight by avoiding extreme plate thicknesses.
- "MOL Comfort (305153)". Register of ships. Nippon Kaiji Kyokai. http://www.classnk.or.jp/register/regships/regships.aspx. Retrieved 2013-06-18.
- "MOL Comfort (9358761)". Equasis. French Ministry for Transport. http://www.equasis.org/EquasisWeb/restricted/ShipList?fs=ShipSearch&P_PAGE=1&P_IMO=9358761. Retrieved 2013-06-18.(registration required)
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- MOL Appoints Lloyd's Register to support investigations to Determine the Cause of the Incident Involving Containership MOL Comfort. Mitsui O.S.K. Lines, 4 July 2013. Retrieved on 2013-07-07.
- MOL Comfort sister vessels withdrawn from G6 as precautionary measures. Supply Chain Asia, 28 June 2013. Retrieved on 2013-07-07.
- MOL COMFORT Cost Insurers $400M. Maritime Connector, 20 September 2013. Retrieved on 2013-09-20.
- Mitsubishi Heavy sued for ¥60 bil. over sunken freighter The Yomiuri Shimbun/Jiji Press December 07, 2014 Retrieved on 2014-12-06.
- YP47. ClassNk Magazine, 60th edition. 2008. Retrieved on 2013-06-18.
- Hirota, K. et al. (2007): World's first development and application of HTSS (high tensile strength steel) with yield stress of 47 kgf/mm 2 to actual ship hull structure. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. Technical Review Vol. 44 No. 3.