|Type||Public Limited Company|
|Traded as||BPSE: MOL
|Industry||Oil and gas|
|Key people||Zsolt Hernádi
(Chairman & CEO)
József Molnár (GCEO)
József Simola (CFO)
|Products||Oil and gas exploration and production, Natural gas trading and transportation, Oil refining, Chemicals|
|Revenue||US$ 24.633 billion (2012)|
|Operating income||US$ 1.265 billion (2012)|
|Net income||US$ 0.673 billion (2012)|
|Total assets||US$ 21.200 billion (2012)|
|Total equity||US$ 9.967 billion (2012)|
|Subsidiaries||TVK, Slovnaft, INA, IES Italy|
MOL Group (Magyar Olaj- és Gázipari Nyilvánosan működő Részvénytársaság, Hungarian Oil and Gas Public Limited Company, MOL derived from Magyar Olaj, meaning "Hungarian Oil") is an integrated oil and gas group in Hungary. In addition to Hungary, the company is present in the Europe, the Middle East and Africa region, as also in the CIS countries, with interests in exploration, production, refining, marketing and petrochemicals. MOL employs 28,548 people (31 Dec, 2013), has more than 1,700 filling stations (2013) internationally and it is a market leader in Hungary and Slovakia. It is the second largest company in Central and Eastern Europe.
MOL Nyrt. is a public limited company listed at the Budapest Stock Exchange. As of 31 Dec 2013, MOL Nyrt. has market capitalization over US$7 billion. The largest owner of the MOL is the Hungarian State with 24.7%. It is far the most important company in Hungary, nearly three times larger than the second. In 2006 MOL had 2891.1 billion HUF net revenue, rose to 5400.4 billion HUF in 2013.
MOL Nyrt. was established on 1 October 1991 through the merger of 9 companies as a legal successor of former members of the National Oil and Gas Trust which was established in 1957. By 1995, the actual integration of companies was completed, and the previously separated entities started to operate within one joint organization. MOL went for a privatization strategy in order to respond to international market challenges and also, it pioneered in the regional consolidation of the oil and gas industry.
In 2003, MOL purchased a 25% stake in Croatia's national oil company INA. In 2006, INA and MOL launched a joint exploration project in the Slatina – Zaláta area designed to secure new volumes of natural gas. The two companies are now forming a consortium in Bosnia and Herzegovina, after winning the recapitalisation tender for Energopetrol, the leading petrol company of country, where they got an absolute majority by holding 67% of the shares.
By 2004, MOL bought, in several steps, Slovakia's national refiner Slovnaft, and Hungary's leading producer of ethylene and polypropylene TVK, over which MOL gained control with a stake of 34.5% in 2001. MOL further increased its stake in TVK to 86.56% in 2006. Between 2003 and 2005 MOL completed the acquisition of Shell Romania. In 2004, MOL entered the Austrian market by purchasing a fuel storage facility in Korneuburg, and a year later by acquiring the Roth filling station chain. In August 2007, MOL purchased Italiana Energia e Servizi S.p.A. (IES), owner of the Mantova refinery and a chain of 165 retail stations in Italy. 
In November 2007, MOL reported a new regional initiative to create a joint regional gas pipeline system called New European Transmission System (NETS). On 20 December 2007, MOL announced a strategic cooperation with Czech power utility CEZ. The joint venture with CEZ focuses on gas-fired power generation and related gas infrastructure in Central and Southeastern Europe, first launching two 800 MW power plants in Hungary and Slovakia. After selling 7% of its shares to CEZ within the scopes of a strategic partnership, MOL announced on 10 March 2008 the sale of an 8% stake to the Oman Oil Company for the same reason.
In June 2007, Austrian energy company OMV made an unsolicited bid to take over MOL, which has been rejected by the Hungarian company. On 6 March 2008, the European Commission launched an in-depth investigation of OMV's unsolicited bid to take over MOL. On 24 June 2008, OMV received a 'Statement of Objections' from the European Commission regarding the company's attempted takeover of MOL. In March 2009, OMV sold its 21% stake in MOL to Surgutneftegas. MOL called this move "unfriendly".
On 24 May 2011, the second Orbán-cabinet bought the Russian Surgutneftegas's shares, thus the Hungarian state acquired 21.2% of the shares within the company.
MOL operates four refineries in Hungary, Slovakia and Croatia (20.9 million tonnes per year refining capacity). Its refineries at Százhalombatta, Hungary and Bratislava, Slovakia, are among the most profitable ones in Europe, with Nelson Complexity Indexes of 10,6 and 11,5 respectively. MOL's filling stations amounted to more than 1,700 in ten countries at the end of 2013.
MOL's petrochemical division is one of the largest polymer producer in Central Europe, operated in full integration with MOL's Refining and Marketing division. Its products are sold in more than 40 countries.
For the natural gas division, the main focus is gas transmission via an extensive high pressure gas pipeline, which length exceeds 5,700 kilometres (3,500 mi). MOL is a member of the Nabucco Pipeline project.
In the field of renewable energy MOL develops geothermal power production through the, CEGE Central European Geothermal Energy Production, a partnership with Australian-based Green Rock Energy Limited. The company supports the research of second generation biofuels at the University of Pannonia.
The company has a 20% interest in the Catcher area oil and gas block in the North Sea, in company with Premier Oil (50%) and Cairn Energy (30%). In June 2014, the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change gave final approval for the £1 billion development. Oil is expected to be flowing by mid-2017.
International upstream operations
MOL has foreign exploration licences in (with date of announcement):
- Yemen, Exploration Blocks ’48’ and ’49’, 2002
- Kazakhstan, Federovskoye Block, 2004 ; North Karpovsky, 2012
- Croatia and Hungary, Slatina and Zaláta, 2006
- Russia,Baituganskoe Oilfield, Surgut-7 block and Matjushkinsky block 2006-2007
- Cameroon, Ngosso Permit Block, 2007
- Iraq, Akri Bijeel Block, 2007
MOL has foreign production facilities in (with date of announcement):
- Russia, Zapadno-Malobalyk oil field (with Yukos, later Russneft) 2002
- Pakistan, Tal Block, 2004 MOL PAKISTAN TAL BLOCK web page
- "Annual Report 2012" (PDF). Mol. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
- "Top 500 in CEE" (PDF). COFACE. September 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-15.
- Peter S. Green (2003-06-18). "Croatia: Refiner Sold". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-02-12.
- "Consortium MOL/INA signed contract with the Government of FBiH for Energopetrol's recapitalization" (Press release). MOL Group. 2006-08-09. Retrieved 2010-02-15.
- "The MOL Story". MOL Group. Retrieved 2010-02-15.
- "MOL Plans Capacity Increase at Newly Acquired Italian Refinery". Downstream Today. 2007-08-01. Retrieved 2007-08-03.
- "Hungary's oil firm MOL sells 8 pct. stake to Oman, seen as step to thwart takeover by OMV". International Herald Tribune. 2008-03-10. Retrieved 2008-03-12.
- "OMV gets EU objections statement over MOL takeover bid". Forbes. 2008-06-24. Archived from the original on 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2008-06-28.
- Guy Chazan; Margit Feher (2009-04-01). "Hungarian Oil Firm Wary of Russian Rival's Stake". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
- "India's ONGC would cooperate with MOL in third countries". Budapest Business Journal. 2010-02-08. Retrieved 2010-02-15.
- "MOL picks 35% stake in ONGC". The Financial Express. 2008-05-09. Retrieved 2010-02-15.
- "Rendkívüli bejelentés visszaszereztük a 21.2%-os Mol-tulajdonrészt/Extraordinary announcement we got back the 21.2% property in Mol". Magyar Nemzet Online. 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2011-05-24.
- "MOL Group Consolidated Annual Report 2008equivalent per day in 2008." (PDF). MOL Group. 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-15.
- "RWE joins Nabucco consortium as sixth partner" (PDF) (Press release). Nabucco Gas Pipeline International GmbH. 2008-02-06. Retrieved 2008-02-19.
- "Green Rock Energy Hungary For Geothermal Success". PESA News (The Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia) (86). February–March 2007. ISSN 1039-4419. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- "Future Energy". MOL Group. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
- "Green signal to Premier's Catcher area oil block development". BBC News. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- "Hungarian MOL Acquires Stake in Kazakh KMG EP". The Gazette of Central Asia (Satrapia). 16 November 2012.