MS Golden Iris

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MS Golden Iris
MS Golden Iris in Rhodes 2011
Career
Name: 1975–1976: Cunard Conquest
1976–1995: Cunard Princess
1995–2009 : Rhapsody
2009 onwards: Golden Iris[1]
Owner: 1975–1995: Cunard Line
1995: StarLauro
1995–2009: MSC Cruises
2009 onwards: Mano Maritime[1]
Operator: 1977–1995: Cunard Line
1995: StarLauro
1995–2009: MSC Cruises
2009 onwards: Mano Maritime[1]
Port of registry: 1975–1980: Southampton,  United Kingdom
1980–1995: Nassau,  Bahamas
1995–2001: Panama City,  Panama
2001–2006: Naples,  Italy[1]
2006 onwards: Panama City,  Panama[2]
Builder: Burmeister & Wain, Copenhagen, Denmark (hull)
Navali Mechaniche Affini, La Spezia, Italy (outfitting)[1]
Cost: £12 million[2]
Yard number: 859[1]
Launched: December 1974[1]
Acquired: 30 October 1975[1]
Maiden voyage: March 1977[2]
In service: March 1977[2]
Identification: Call sign: 3FZK4
IMO number: 7358573
MMSI number: 371771000
Status: In service
General characteristics (as built)[1]
Class & type: Cunard Countess-class cruise ship
Tonnage: 17,496 GRT
2,499 t DWT
Length: 163.56 m (536 ft 7 in)
Beam: 22.80 m (74 ft 10 in)
Draught: 8.30 m (27 ft 3 in)
Installed power: 4 × Burmeister & Wain 7U50HU diesels
combined 15,447 kW
Propulsion: 2 propellers[3]
Speed: 21.5 knots (39.82 km/h; 24.74 mph) (top speed)
20.5 knots (37.97 km/h; 23.59 mph) (service speed)[3]
Capacity: 947 passengers
General characteristics (as rebuilt, 1997)[2]
Tonnage: 16,852 GT
Length: 164.90 m (541 ft 0 in)
Beam: 23.20 m (76 ft 1 in)
Draught: 5.80 m (19 ft 0 in)
Decks: 8
Capacity: 959 passengers
Crew: 350
Notes: Otherwise the same as built

MS Golden Iris is a cruise ship owned an operated by the Israel-based Mano Maritime.[4] She was built 1975 by the Burmeister & Wain shipyard in Copenhagen, Denmark for Cunard Line as MS Cunard Conquest, but her interior fittings were subsequently installed at the Navali Mechaniche Affini in La Spezia, Italy.[1] Following re-delivery from Navali Mechaniche Affini in 1977 the ship was renamed MS Cunard Princess.[1][2] In 1995 the ship entered service with StarLauro Cruises (later rebranded MSC Cruises), briefly retaining her previous name before being renamed MS Rhapsody.[5] Later during her career with MSC Cruises the ship came to be marketed as MS MSC Rhapsody, but her official registered name remained Rhapsody throughout her MSC career.[6] In 2009 the ship was sold to her current owners.[4]

Concept and construction[edit]

The ship that eventually became known as the Cunard Princess was originally one of two ships ordered by the United States-based Overseas National Airways.[7] Unusually Hugh Hefner, the founder of Playboy, was involved in the design process of the ships, envisioning them as "floating Playboy Clubs".[2] Order for the two ships was placed with the Burmeister & Wain shipyard in Copenhagen, Denmark.[1] However, during construction the ships were sold to the United Kingdom-based Cunard Line. Although better known as luxury cruise operators, Cunard decided to maintain the original informal cruise concept developed for the ships by Overseas National Airways.[7]

Cunard Conquest, the second of the two sisters, was launched from drydock in December 1974. Instead of having the ships completed at Burmeister & Wain, Cunard decided that once the hulls of the ships were complete they would sail to the Navali Mechaniche Affini in La Spezia, Italy, where interior fittings would be installed. Therefore, following delivery to Cunard on 30 October 1975 the Cunard Conquest sailed to La Spezia, where she arrived on 6 November 1975.[1] While the ship was being fitted out Cunard decided to change her name to Cunard Princess. Following delivery to Cunard in early 1977[2] the ship sailed to New York City, where she was renamed by Princess Grace of Monaco.[8]

Service history[edit]

1977-1995: Cunard Princess[edit]

Cunard Princess set on her first cruise from New York City to Bermuda in April 1977, joining her elder sister MS Cunard Countess in the Caribbean cruise service after the Bermuda run. Cunard Princess sailed out of Ft Lauderdale, then after a charter to Lauro Line in 1979 she sailed a Caribbean run out of San Juan. ref Cunard Line Ltd written brochures.[2][9] At the time the Cunard Princess was registered in Southampton, but in 1980 she was moved to the Bahamian registry, with Nassau as her homeport.[1] Later during her career with Cunard the ship started cruising around Europe, while the Cunard Countess remained in Caribbean service.[3][9]

During the Gulf War the Cunard Princess was chartered to the United States Armed Forces Recreation Center as a recreational facility for troops involved in the conflict.[10] The ship arrived in Bahrain on 24 December 1990.[1] Initially the plan was to operate the ship on three-day cruises around the Persian Gulf, but for economical reasons she was permanently moored in Bahrain instead.[10] Following the end of her service in the Gulf War, the ship was docked at Valletta, Malta on 23 September 1991. She re-entered normal service with Cunard on 19 October 1991.[1]

In 1993 the Cunard Princess was moved to the fleet of Cunard's newly created mid-market subsidiary Cunard Crown Cruises, joining her sister Cunard Countess and three ships chartered from EffJohn. Cunard Crown Cruises proved to be short-lived,[9] and in 1995 the Cunard Princess was chartered to StarLauro Cruises, who were in need of a replacement for their MS Achille Lauro that had sunk following a fire in 1994.[2] Initially the Cunard Princess kept her older name in StarLauro service.[5]

1995-2009: Rhapsody[edit]

After a short time under charter to StarLauro, the company acquired the Cunard Princess.[5] Initially the ship was planned to be renamed Harmony, but in the end she was renamed Rhapsody. Coinciding with the change of ownership the ship was re-registered in Panama. Initially she was used for cruising around the Mediterranean out of Italy.[3] Shortly after acquisition of the Rhapsody StarLauro was rebranded as Mediterranean Shipping Cruises on 1 October 1995.[1][5] Subsequently the company further rebranded themselves into MSC Cruises.[9]

In 2001 the Rhapsody was re-registered to Naples.[1] On 9 April 2009 MSC Cruises sold the Rhapsody to the Israel-based cruise operator Mano Maritime.[4][11]

2009 onwards: Golden Iris[edit]

Following the sale to Mano Maritime, Rhapsody was renamed Golden Iris. She entered service with Mano Maritime on Mediterranean cruises from Haifa on 31 May 2009, following the completion of a refit.[4] As of 2013 she was sailing from Haifa for Cyprus, Greek Islands, Montenegro, Italy, and Croatia.[12]

Design[edit]

Exterior design[edit]

The Cunard Conquest was designed with a heavily raked bow and a tapering stern. She has a low superstructure that extends slightly outward from the sides of the hull. The open-winged bridge is located two decks above the top deck of the hull. An observation lounge is located above the bridge; a pool area is located aft of the bridge and forward of the heavily raked, round funnel that has a large deflector fin extending aft of the funneltop. The terraced rear superstructure houses additional sundeck areas.

Like her sister ship Cunard Countess, at delivery Cunard Princess appeared in the traditional red/black Cunard funnel colours, complimenting a white hull and superstructure. In addition, a red decorative stripe was painted between the hull and the superstructure. In StarLauro service her funnel was repainted in that company's livery of blue with a black top and a white five-pointed star in the centre. Following the eventual new owners' rebranding into Mediterranean Shipping Cruises, her funnel was repainted white with a dark blue top and gilded MSC logo centrally, while the blue decorative stripe was divided so that top half of the stripe was navy blue and the bottom half grey. Subsequently the funnel colours were altered into dark blue with MSC Cruises' blue/white "compass" logo replacing the earlier MSC logo.[5]

Interior design[edit]

Decks and facilities[edit]

As Rhapsody, only including facilities accessible to passengers:

  1. Outside and inside cabins.
  2. Outside and inside cabins, medical centre.
  3. Information, shops, outside and inside cabins.
  4. Main dining room, buffet restaurant, outside and inside cabins.
  5. Showlounge, children's playroom, nightclub, sundeck, outside and inside cabins.
  6. Bridge
  7. Observation lounge, casino, card room, sundeck, swimming pool, jacuzzis, spa.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Asklander, Micke, "M/S Cunard Conquest (1975)", Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish), archived from the original on 2012-10-18, retrieved 9 January 2009 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Ward, Douglas (2008). Complete Guide to Cruising & Cruise Ships. Singapore: Berlitz. pp. 454–455. ISBN 978-981-268-240-6. 
  3. ^ a b c d Miller, William H. (1995). Pictorial Encyclopedia of Ocean Liners, 1860-1994. Mineola: Dover. p. 37. ISBN 0-486-28137-X. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Mano Marine Buys MSC Cruises MSC Rhapsody", Cruise-Guru, 6 March 2009, retrieved 29 April 2009 
  5. ^ a b c d e Boyle, Ian. "Cunard Princess". Simplon Postcards. Retrieved 9 January 2009. 
  6. ^ "MSC Rhapsody". MSC Cruises official website. MSC Cruises. Archived from the original on 1 August 2008. Retrieved 9 January 2009. 
  7. ^ a b Ward, Douglas (2006). Complete Guide to Cruising & Cruise Ships. Singapore: Berlitz. pp. 415–416. ISBN 981-246-739-4. 
  8. ^ "Cunard Princess". Chris' Cunard Page. Retrieved 9 January 2009. 
  9. ^ a b c d Newman, Doug (20 December 2007). "30 Years Ago: Remembering Cunard Princess, Cunard's Last Cruise Ship". At Sea With Doug Newman. Retrieved 9 January 2009. 
  10. ^ a b "Cunard Princess". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 9 January 2009. 
  11. ^ Niemelä, Teijo (9 April 2009). "MSC bids farewell to MSC Rhapsody". Cruise Business Online. Cruise Media Oy Ltd. Retrieved 9 April 2009. 
  12. ^ "Mano Maritime vacation packages". Mano Maritime Ltd. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  13. ^ "MSC Rhapsody > Decks". MSC Cruises official website. MSC Cruises. Retrieved 9 January 2009. 

External links[edit]