MS Morska Wola

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Career (Germany) Ensign of the Merchant navy of the Weimar Republic
Name: MS Consul Horn
Namesake: HC Horn
Owner: HC Horn shipping
Port of registry: Weimar Republic Hamburg[1]
Launched: 1924
Out of service: 1934
Identification: Code Letters RFJV[1]
ICS Romeo.svgICS Foxtrot.svgICS Juliet.svgICS Victor.svg
Career (United Kingdom) Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom
Name: MS Hindhead
Operator: Knoll Shipping Company[2]
Port of registry: United Kingdom London[2]
Acquired: 1934
Out of service: 1935
Identification: Code Letters GWWT[2]
ICS Golf.svgICS Whiskey.svgICS Whiskey.svgICS Tango.svg
Career (Norway) Flag of Norway.svg
Name: MS Rio Negro
Owner: A/S Sobral
Port of registry: Norway Oslo [3]
Acquired: 1936
Out of service: 1938
Identification: Code Letters LJHN [3]
ICS Lima.svgICS Juliet.svgICS Hotel.svgICS November.svg
Career (Poland) Naval Ensign of Poland
Name: MS Morska Wola
Namesake: Morska Wola
Operator: Gdynia America Line
Dalmor
Port of registry: Poland Gdynia[4]
Acquired: January 1939
Out of service: 14 January 1959
Reclassified: 1952, fish-boats supply base ship
Identification: Code Letters SPEJ [4]
ICS Sierra.svgICS Papa.svgICS Echo.svgICS Juliet.svg
Fate: scrapped, 1959
General characteristics
Class & type: bulk carrier, since 1952 supply ship
Tonnage: 3376 BRT, 1973 NRT
Length: 96.40 m (316 ft 3 in)
Beam: 14.50 m (47 ft 7 in)
Draft: 6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)
Installed power: diesel, 1400 hp
Speed: 8.5 knots (15.7 km/h; 9.8 mph)
Capacity: 12
Crew: 28 (as a supply ship: 150)

The MS Morska Wola, (previously Consul Horn, Hindhead and Rio Negro), was a Polish freighter during the Second World War. She was purchased in Norway by the Polish shipping company Gdynia America Line and named after a Polish emigrants settlement in Brasil.[5]

Origins[edit]

The ship was built as the Consul Horn in Kiel in 1924 by Friedrich Krupp AG for the HC Horn shipping company, which operated her out of Hamburg.[1] On 31 December 1927 the ship ran aground on Ven, Sweden.[6] She was refloated on 4 January 1928.[7]

In 1934 she was acquired by the Knoll Shipping Company, registered in London and renamed as Hindhead.[2] She was then acquired by A/S Sobral in 1936 and renamed Rio Negro, operating on shipping routes between Norway and South America.[3] In 1938 she was acquired by the Polish shipping company Gdynia America Line, renamed as the Morska Wola and based in Gdynia.[4]

World War II[edit]

In 1940, during the final days of the Battle of France, MS Morska Wola was in port in France, from which she escaped to the United Kingdom. She was then put to use in Northern Atlantic convoys. She took part in over 40 convoys, most notably, she was one of the ships who managed to escape, after the German heavy cruiser Admiral Sheer attacked convoy HX-84, thanks to the delaying action fought by the armed merchant cruiser HMS Jervis Bay. She returned to Poland at end of the war, operating on shipping routes to South America and the Levant.[5]

Post War[edit]

In 1952 she was taken over by the Dalmor fishing company and converted to supply ship for fishing boats operating in the North Sea.[8] As such she had capacity of 150 people. After six years of such work, she was crippled by damage and judged unworthy of repair. She was scrapped in 1959.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS 1931-32". Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS 1934-35". Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS 1936-37". Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS 1938-39". Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c Piwowoński, Jan (1989). Flota spod biało-czerwonej (in Polish). Warsaw: Nasz Księgarnia. pp. 48–51. 
  6. ^ "Casualty reports" The Times (London). Monday, 2 January 1928. (44779), col E-F, p. 24.
  7. ^ "Casualty reports" The Times (London). Thursday, 5 January 1928. (44782), col B-C, p. 22.
  8. ^ "Mother base "Morska Wola"". Fishing Fleets of Communist and Post-Communist Countries. Retrieved 24 February 2014.