MS Pearl Seaways

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"Pearl of Scandinavia" redirects here. For the cruise ship, see MS Pearl of Scandinavia (1982).
"Star Aquarius" redirects here. For the similarly named SuperStar Aquarius, see SuperStar Aquarius.
MS Pearl of Scandinavia Oslo.JPG
MS Pearl of Scandinavia departing Oslo, Norway (2010).
Career
Name: 1989–1993: Athena
1993: Star Aquarius
1993–2001: Langkapuri Star Aquarius
2001: Aquarius
2001–2010: Pearl of Scandinavia
2010 onwards: Pearl Seaways
Owner: 1989–1993: Rederi AB Slite
1993–2001: Star Cruises
2001 onwards: DFDS[1]
Operator: 1989–1993: Rederi AB Slite (in Viking Line traffic)
1993–2001: Star Cruises
2001 onwards: DFDS Seaways[1]
Port of registry: 1989–1993: Slite,  Sweden
1993–2001: Panama City,  Panama
2001 onwards: Copenhagen,  Denmark[1]
Route: CopenhagenOslo (as of 2009)
Builder: Wärtsilä Marine Turku New Shipyard, Turku, Finland[1]
Yard number: 1297[1]
Laid down: 27 May 1988[2]
Launched: 22 October 1988[1]
Acquired: 18 April 1989[1]
In service: 24 April 1989[1]
Identification: IMO number: 8701674[1]
Status: In service
General characteristics (as Athena)[1]
Type: Cruiseferry
Tonnage: 40,012 GT
2,800 DWT
Length: 176.60 m (579 ft 5 in)
Beam: 29.00 m (95 ft 2 in)
Draught: 6.00 m (19 ft 8 in)
Ice class: 1A Super[3]
Installed power: 4 × Wärtsilä-Sulzer 9ZAL40S
23,760 kW (31,860 hp) (combined)
Speed: 21 knots (39 km/h; 24 mph)
Capacity: 2,200 passengers
2,394 berths
450 cars[4]
General characteristics (as Langkapuri Star Aquarius)[1]
Tonnage: 40,022 GT
Capacity: 1,378 passengers
1,378 berths
Notes: Otherwise the same as above
General characteristics (as Pearl Seaways)[5]
Tonnage: 40,039 GT
Length: 178.40 m (585 ft 4 in)
Beam: 29.61 m (97 ft 2 in)
Draught: 6.22 m (20 ft 5 in)
Depth: 16.95 m (55 ft 7 in)
Capacity: 2,200 passengers
2,166 berths
350 cars
1,008 lanemeters[1]
Notes: Otherwise the same as above

MS Pearl Seaways is a cruiseferry owned by DFDS Seaways and operated on their CopenhagenOslo service. She was built in 1989 by Wärtsilä Marine, Turku, for Rederi AB Slite as MS Athena for use in Viking Line traffic. Between 1993 and 2001 she sailed as MS Langkapuri Star Aquarius. From 2001 to 2010 she sailed as MS Pearl of Scandinavia.

Pearl Seaways has a sister ship, Star Pisces.

History[edit]

Viking Line service[edit]

In the latter half of the 1980s owners of the rival shipping companies Viking Line and Silja Line competed heavily for dominance on routes connecting Finland to Sweden, with 11 new builds delivered between 1985 and 1991. At this time there was also a strong belief in growing of the cruise passenger market.

In response to challenge from the other Viking Line partner SF Line and Silja's owners, Rederi AB Slite ordered two new builds from Wärtsilä Turku shipyard. The first of these was to be called MS Athena, and she was planned to replace the ageing MS Diana II on the freight-dominant NaantaliKapellskär service. The ship was designed by Per Dockson.[6] The authorities of Kapellskär failed to modernise their harbour to accommodate such a large ship, and when delivered in April 1989 the ship (which at the time of delivery was the largest cruiseferry in the world) was set on cruise traffic between Stockholm and Mariehamn, replacing the aged MS Apollo III. Additional public spaces, such as an "amusement park" and a disco were built on her cardeck. Part of the cardeck was also used as a parking space for cruise passengers who came to Stockholm with their own cars.

Apart from a fire in one of the cabins in May 1989, the Athena's service with Viking Line proved to be uneventful. In spring 1993 she made a test cruise from Stockholm to Riga. Unfortunately at the same time her owners were experiencing notable financial difficulties and were forced to declare bankruptcy in April 1993. Athena continued serving with Viking Line until August of the same year, when she was laid up in Stockholm awaiting sale. DFDS and P&O Ferries were both interested in her, and it was believed that the latter would be her new owner. In the end Malaysia-based Star Cruises made a bid their competitors couldn't match.

Star Cruises service[edit]

In September 1993 Athena was renamed Star Aquarius, re-flagged into Panama and started her journey from the Baltic to Singapore. Between October and December she was rebuilt in Sembawang dock, Singapore, as a cruiseship. Her interior decorations were changed and her entire cardeck was altered into a huge casino. Her Viking Line-red hull was replaced with a dark blue one and the base of her funnel repainted blue, with a yellow star where Viking's logo had been. This readaptation of Viking Line's funnel colours remains Star Cruises' funnel colour scheme to this day. During the rebuilding her name was again changed, this time into Langkapuri Star Aquarius. The ship was even now designed by Per Dockson. In 1994 the Langkapuri Star Aquarius begun cruising from Singapore (in practice the ships's name was often displayed as Star Aquarius in promotional material).

In 1998 her port of departure was changed into Hong Kong, and around the same time she received Star Cruises' new white-hulled livery. The former carferry was never a particularly practical cruiseship however, and when Star Cruises started taking delivery of various newbuilds the Langkapuri Star Aquarius was placed for sale. Eventually she was sold to DFDS on January 11, 2001.

DFDS service[edit]

The ship arrived back in Europe in March 2001 under the temporary name MS Aquarius. Between April and June of the same year she was rebuilt back into a car-passenger ferry first at Blohm & Voss, Hamburg, and then at Ålborg where most of the alterations to her interior were carried out. She received her new name MS Pearl of Scandinavia while at Hamburg. During the rebuilding rearsponsons were added to the ship for increased stability. Finally on June 26 she started on her first journey between Copenhagen, Helsingborg and Oslo. On 27 December 2001 the ship had a blackout in Oslofjord and was drifting for an hour before power could be re-established.[1]

In January 2002 the ship was again rebuild, this time at Copenhagen, and again in January 2005 at Öresundsvarvet, Landskrona, Sweden. In October 2006 DFDS decided to drop the stop at Helsingborg in order to save fuel and pilot expenses.

On November 17, 2010, a fire broke out in the car-deck of the ferry while en route from Oslo to Copenhagen.[7] So far, the fire has been attributed to an electric car with a faulty charging-cable.

After a re-fit following the November 17th fire she was painted in DFDS new livery and renamed MS Pearl Seaways

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Asklander, Micke. "M/S Athena (1989)". Fakta om Fartyg (in in Swedish). Retrieved 2008-04-08. 
  2. ^ "Vessel info: Pearl of Scandinavia: Yard". DNV Exchange. Det Norske Veritas. Retrieved 2011-07-16. 
  3. ^ "Vessel info: Pearl of Scandinavia: Summary". DNV Exchange. Det Norske Veritas. Retrieved 2008-04-08. 
  4. ^ "Viking Line's Vessels – Vessels on the 1980's–2000's". Viking Line. Retrieved 2008-04-08. 
  5. ^ "Vessel info: Pearl Seaways: Dimensions". DNV Exchange. Det Norske Veritas. Retrieved 2008-04-08. 
  6. ^ Designs89 ISSN0282-8901
  7. ^ http://www.cphpost.dk/news/national/88-national/50487-ferry-fire-caused-by-faulty-electric-car.html

External links[edit]

Media related to Pearl of Scandinavia (ship, 1989) at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
MS Mariella
World's Largest Cruiseferry
1989
Succeeded by
MS Cinderella