MTB 102

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MTB 102
Warship in Queen's Jubilee Pageant, Chelsea.jpg
MTB 102 taking part in the Thames Diamond Jubilee Pageant for Queen Elizabeth II's diamond jubilee
Career (UK) RN Ensign
Name: MTB 102
Ordered: 30 April 1935
Builder: Vosper & Company, Portchester
Laid down: 6 March 1936
Launched: 11 June 1937
Commissioned: 2 July 1937
Out of service: 1959
Fate: Heritage vessel
General characteristics
Type: Motor Torpedo Boat
Length: 68 ft (21 m)
Beam: 14 ft 9 in (4.50 m)
Draught: 3 ft 9 in (1.14 m)
Propulsion: 3 Isotta-Fraschini 57-litre petrol engines: 3,300 hp (2.46 MW)
Speed: 48 knots (89 km/h) unloaded, 43 knots (80 km/h) loaded and armed
Complement: 2 officers, 10 men
Armament: 2 × 21 inch (530 mm) torpedo tubes

MTB 102 is one of few surviving motor torpedo boats that served with the Coastal Forces of the Royal Navy in the Second World War. She was built as the Vosper Private Venture Boat as a prototype, but was purchased and taken into service by the Admiralty.

She was the smallest vessel to ever serve as a flagship for the Royal Navy.[1]

Construction[edit]

Designed by Commander Peter Du Cane CBE, the Managing Director of Vosper Ltd, in 1936. She was completed and launched in 1937, she was bought by the Admiralty and taken into service with the Royal Navy as MTB 102, the 100 prefix denoting a prototype vessel.

She had an all-wood hull, described as "double diagonal Honduras mahogany on Canadian rock elm".

Besides the torpedoes she was built with, depth charges, machine guns and the Swiss Oerlikon 20 mm anti-aircraft cannon were all tested on her.

MTB 102 was the fastest wartime British naval vessel in service at 48 knots.

Wartime service[edit]

From 1939 to 1940 she was stationed in the English Channel. During Operation Dynamo (the evacuation from Dunkirk, May–June 1940) she crossed the channel eight times and acted as flagship for Rear Admiral Wake-Walker when his ship was disabled.

In 1943 she was part of 615 Water Transport Company RASC and was renamed Vimy.

In 1944 she carried Winston Churchill and General Eisenhower to review the fleet for Operation Overlord, the invasion of Normandy.

Postwar service[edit]

MTB 102 was sold off after the war, and converted to a private motor cruiser on the North Sea.

In April 1966 she was bought from Robinson's boatyard Oulton Broad by Mr Derek Brown from where she was berthed in a very unseaworthy condition and had been partially converted into a houseboat, single handed Mr Brown completed extensive work and proceeded to launch MTB 102, the ship was sold by him to the Norwich Sea scouts in the early 70's.

In 1973 she was acquired by a Norfolk Scout Group, in whose care she remained until 1995 when ownership passed to the MTB102 Trust.

In 1976 she was refurbished by a film company for use in the film The Eagle Has Landed, and in the Dutch film Soldier of Orange the following year.[2]

In 1977 she appeared for Queen Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee pageant on the River Thames.

In 1983 and 1990 extensive structural repair work was carried out on the hull and decks totalling around £70,000 .[3]

Since 1979 she has made several appearances at Navy Days and is now listed as part of the National Historic Fleet, Core Collection.

The MTB102 Trust was established in 1996 to fund the operation and maintenance of MTB 102.

Several changes of engines have occurred over her life. The original Italian Isotta Fraschini engines became difficult to maintain during the early part of the war as Italy was allied to Germany, though they lasted until replaced after the war when MTB 102 was converted into a motor cruiser. In 1985, Perkins Ltd donated two turbocharged diesel engines, and in 1996 and 2002 Cummins Marine provided new engines.[3]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CBC Newsworld; Queen Elizabeth II, Diamond Jubilee, River Pageant, televised coverage; airdate: 2012 June 3
  2. ^ Association of Dunkirk Little Ships page
  3. ^ a b http://www.mtb102.com/