MTK Budapest FC
|Full name||Magyar Testgyakorlók Köre
|Founded||16 November 1888|
|Ground||Stadion Hidegkuti Nándor,
Budapest (under reconstruction)
|League||OTP Bank Liga|
MTK Budapest FC or just MTK (which stands for Magyar Testgyakorlók Köre) is a football club from Budapest, Hungary. The team plays in the first division of the Hungarian League. The club's colours are blue and white. As one of the most successful Hungarian football clubs, MTK has won the Hungarian League 23 times and the Hungarian Cup 12 times. The club has also won the Hungarian Super Cup 2 times. In 1955, as Vörös Lobogó SE, they became the first Hungarian team to play in the European Cup and in 1964 they finished as runners-up in the European Cup Winners' Cup after losing to Sporting Clube de Portugal in the final. The club founded the Sándor Károly Football Academy in 2001. The Academy also has a partnership agreement with Liverpool F.C..
About a dozen sport loving citizens decided on 16 November 1888 in a cafe in Budapest to form the Magyar Testgyakorlók Köre (Circle of Hungarian Fitness Activists). A number of its founding members were aristocrats and members of the capital's Jewish community. The colours of the club became blue and white, and it had 31 members by the end of its inaugural year. The club's first divisions offered sporting possibilities only for fencing and gymnastics. As football was spreading far and wide in Hungary also the club established its football division on 12 March 1901. The first public football match of the Blues was a 0–0 draw against BTC, which later became Hungarian champions in 1901 and 1902. MTK started to play football in the 2nd league in 1902, but a year later the club got the chance to play in the first league. The first year brought the club a 3rd place and it did not take long for the Blues to win the first championship, which happened a year later in 1904.
The first president of the club became a well-to-do entrepreneur, his vice a close friend of him who turned out to be an excellent sport oriented organiser. His name was Alfréd Brüll who became the club's legendary and respected president from 1905 until the 1940s. Before the introduction of professional football MTK was the most successful Hungarian team. Prior to the Second World War the team managed to win 15 Hungarian League titles and gained 7 Hungarian Cup victories. During the professional era the team could not repeat the same performance but still won 2 championships. Due to the participation of many Jewish figures in the club, it had the reputation of being a "Jewish" team beginning in the 1930s and 1940s,  a phenomenon that continues to the present.
- The Mighty Magyar Era
In 1949 when Hungary became a communist state, MTK were taken over by the secret police, the ÁVH, and subsequently the club became known as Textiles SE. They then became Bástya SE, then Vörös Lobogó SE, which means Red Banner or Red Flag, and then finally back to MTK. Despite this turmoil, the 1950s proved a successful era for the club and with a team coached by Márton Bukovi and including Péter Palotás, Nándor Hidegkuti, Mihály Lantos and József Zakariás, they won three Hungarian League titles, a Hungarian Cup and a Mitropa Cup. In 1955, as Vörös Lobogó SE, they also became the first ever Hungarian team to play in a European Cup. On 7 September 1955 at the Népstadion, Palotás scored a hat-trick as they beat RSC Anderlecht 6–3 in the first leg of the first round and thus became the first player to score a hat-trick in a European Cup game.
MTK also played a major role in the success of the legendary Hungary team known as the Mighty Magyars. While Honvéd provided the team with a nucleus of players, it was Márton Bukovi at MTK who developed the vital 4–2–4 formation, later adopted by national coach Gusztáv Sebes, himself a former MTK player. It was also at MTK that Bukovi together with, Péter Palotás and Nándor Hidegkuti, also pioneered the crucial deep lying centre-forward position. In 1953 Hidegkuti would exploit this position to great effect as he scored a hat-trick for Hungary when they beat England 6–3 at Wembley Stadium. In addition Mihály Lantos and József Zakariás provided the Mighty Magyars with a solid defence. During the early 1950s these MTK players helped Hungary become Olympic Champions in 1952, Central European Champions in 1953, defeat England twice and reach the 1954 World Cup final. They absorbed Egyetértés VM After the first half of 1974–75 season. They were relegated to the Second League twice in 1980–81 season after finishing 17th or second from last and in 1993–94 season after finishing 16th or last.
1960s and the European Cup Winners' Final
In the 1960s MTK Budapest did not win Hungarian League titles only the Hungarian Cup in 1968. In the 1962–63 season of the Hungarian League MTK finished second which resulted the participation in the European Cup Winners Cup in the following year. In the 1963–64 season of the European Cup Winners' Cup MTK Budapest reached the final. MTK Budapest beat PFC Slavia Sofia in the preliminary round, FSV Zwickau in the first round, Fenerbahçe S.K. in the quarter finals, the Scottish Celtic F.C. in the semi-finals and lost to Sporting C.P. in the final after extra time. After this success MTK Budapest were not able to finish in the best three of the Hungarian League in the 1960s.
In the 2000s MTK Budapest won the Hungarian League twice (in 2003 and 2008). On international turf in the 2003–04 UEFA Champions League MTK Budapest beat HJK Helsinki 3-2 on aggregate in the second qualifying round. The first match was won by MTK 3-1 at home. The second leg was won by Helsinki 1-0. However in the third the Scottish Celtic F.C. demolished them by beating MTK 5-0 on aggregate. The first match was played in the Puskás Ferenc Stadium and MTK lost to 4-0. In Glasgow Celtic beat MTK by 1-0. On 2 July 2003 it was announced that István Pisont would join the club on free transfer. On the same week MTK signed from relegated Budapest Honvéd's star Sándor Torghelle. MTK Budapest won the Hungarian Super Cup trophy after beating archrivals Ferencváros in the final 2-0. MTK Budapest won the 2007–08 season of the Hungarian League.
In the 2010–11 season of the Hungarian League, MTK Budapest finished 15th, which resulted in its relegation from the first league. In the 2011-12 season, MTK Budapest finished first in the second division and was promoted back to the first division of the Hungarian League. Moreover, in the 2011–12 Hungarian Cup, MTK Budapest made the final, where they lost to Debrecen in a penalty shoot-out. As a consequence of reaching the final, MTK Budapest qualified for the UEFA Europa League 2012–13.
- Hungarian League
- Hungarian Cup
- Winners (12): 1910, 1911, 1912, 1914, 1923, 1925, 1932, 1952, 1968, 1997, 1998, 2000
- Runners-up (3): 1935, 1976, 2012
- Mitropa Cup
- Winners (2): 1955, 1963
- Runner-ups (1) : 1959
- Hungarian Super Cup
- Winners (2): 2003, 2008
- European Cup Winners' Cup
- Runner-up (1): 1964
- Inter-Cities Fairs Cup
- Semi-Finalist (1): 1962
- Štefánik Tournament in Bratislava
- Winners (1): 1933
- As of 17 August 2014
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
European cup history
|1955–56||European Cup||1. Round||RSC Anderlecht||6–3||4–1||10–4|
|1958–59||European Cup||Preliminary Round||Polonia Bytom||3–0||3–0||6–0|
|1. Round||BSC Young Boys||1–2||1–4||2–6|
|1961–62||Inter-Cities Fairs Cup||1. Round||RC Strasbourg||10–2||3–1||13–3|
|2. Round||1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig||3–0||0–3||3–3(playoff 2–0)|
|Quarter-finals||RFK Novi Sad||2–1||4–1||6–2|
|1963–64||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||Preliminary Round||PFC Slavia Sofia||1–0||1–1||2–1|
|1. Round||Motor Zwickau||2–0||0–1||2–1|
|Quarter-finals||Fenerbahçe SK||2–0||1–3||3–3 (playoff 1–0)|
|1969–70||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||1. Round||1. FC Magdeburg||1–1||0–1||1–2(aet)|
|1976–77||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||1. Round||Sparta Prague||3–1||1–1||4–2|
|2. Round||FC Dinamo Tbilisi||1–0||4–1||5–1|
|1978–79||UEFA Cup||1. Round||FCU Politehnica Timişoara||2–1||0–2||2–3|
|1985||UEFA Intertoto Cup||Group 11||PFC Chernomorets Burgas||5–1||2–1|
|Group 11||IK Start||3–0||3–3|
|Group 11||FC Aarau||3–1||1–1|
|1986||UEFA Intertoto Cup||Group 1||Fortuna Düsseldorf||0–0||3–3|
|Group 1||NEC Nijmegen||2–2||3–1|
|Group 1||FC Liége||5–2||0–3|
|1987–88||European Cup||1. Round||FC Steaua Bucureşti||2–0||0–4||2–4|
|1988||UEFA Intertoto Cup||Group 10||Karlsruher SC||2–1||1–1|
|Group 10||FK Vojvodina||1–0||0–5|
|Group 10||Grazer AK||0–1||1–1|
|1989–90||UEFA Cup||1. Round||FC Dynamo Kyiv||1–2||0–4||1–6|
|1990||UEFA Intertoto Cup||Group 4||SK Slovan Bratislava||0–2||0–2|
|Group 4||Vejle BK||0–1||1–4|
|Group 4||IFK Norrköping||4–3||0–2|
|1990–91||UEFA Cup||1. Round||FC Lucerne||1–1||1–2||2–3|
|1993–94||UEFA Cup||1. Round||KR Reykjavik||0–0||2–1||2–1|
|2. Round||KV Mechelen||1–1||0–5||1–6|
|1997–98||UEFA Cup||1. Round||Alanya Vladikavkaz||3–0||1–1||4–1|
|2. Round||Croatia Zagreb||1–0||0–2||1–2|
|1997–98||UEFA Champions League||1. Qualifying Round||Pyunik Yerevan||4–3||2–0||6–3|
|2. Qualifying Round||Rosenborg BK||0–1||1–3||1–4|
|1998–99||UEFA Cup Winners' Cup||Qualifying Round||GÍ Gøta||7–0||3–1||10–1|
|1. Round||SV Ried||0–1||0–2||0–3|
|1999–00||UEFA Champions League||2. Qualifying Round||ÍBV||3–1||2–0||5–1|
|3. Qualifying Round||Croatia Zagreb||0–2||0–0||0–2|
|1999–00||UEFA Cup||1. Round||Fenerbahçe SK||0–0||2–0||2–0|
|2. Round||AEK Athens FC||2–1||0–1||2–2(a)|
|2000–01||UEFA Cup||Qualifying Round||Jokerit FC||1–0||4–2||5–2|
|1. Round||PFC CSKA Sofia||0–1||2–1||2–2(a)|
|2. Round||FC Nantes Atlantique||0–1||1–2||1–3|
|2003–04||UEFA Champions League||2. Qualifying Round||HJK Helsinki||3–1||0–1||3–2|
|3. Qualifying Round||Celtic Glasgow||0–4||0–1||0–5|
|2003–04||UEFA Cup||1. Round||Dinamo Zagreb||0–0||1–3||1–3|
|2007–08||UEFA Cup||1. Qualifying Round||FC MIKA||2–1||0–1||2–2(a)|
|2008–09||UEFA Champions League||2. Qualifying Round||Fenerbahce SK||0–5||0–2||0–7|
|2012–13||UEFA Europa League||1. Qualifying Round||Senica||1–1||1–2||2–3|
Selected former managers
See also: Category:MTK Budapest FC managers
- Behind The Curtain – Travels in Eastern European Football: Jonathan Wilson (2006) 
- MTK Budapest FC
- Foer, Franklin (2004). How Soccer Explains the World: An Unlikely Theory of Globalization. New York: HarperCollins. pp. 85–88. ISBN 0-06-621234-0.
- "MTK Budapest 2-1 Slavia Sofia". UEFA.com. 1 June 1964. Retrieved 1 June 1964.
- "Zwickau 1-2 MTK Budapest". UEFA.com. 1 June 1964. Retrieved 1 June 1964.
- "MTK Budapest 3-3 Fenerbahce". UEFA.com. 1 June 1964. Retrieved 1 June 1964.
- "Celtic 3-4 MTK Budapest". UEFA.com. 1 June 1964. Retrieved 1 June 1964.
- "1963/64: Sporting at the second attempt". UEFA.com. 1 June 1964. Retrieved 1 June 1964.
- "Rednic secures MTK advantage". UEFA.com. 30 July 2003. Retrieved 30 July 2003.
- "MTK progress despite defeat". UEFA.com. 6 August 2003. Retrieved 6 August 2003.
- "Celtic stroll in Budapest". UEFA.com. 13 August 2003. Retrieved 13 August 2003.
- "Celtic stroll past MTK". UEFA.com. 27 August 2003. Retrieved 27 August 2003.
- "MTK make Pisont purchase". UEFA.com. 2 July 2003. Retrieved 2 July 2003.
- "Torghelle decides on MTK move". UEFA.com. 4 July 2003. Retrieved 4 July 2003.
- "MTK seal Super Cup success". UEFA.com. 21 July 2003. Retrieved 21 July 2003.
- "MTK hold aces with the end in sight". UEFA.com. 22 May 2008. Retrieved 22 May 2008.
- "MTK atremble as Hungary gears up". UEFA.com. 14 July 2008. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
- "Debrecen lift cup after shoot-out success". UEFA.com. 2 May 2012. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
- Bob Wechsler (2008). Day by day in Jewish sports history. KTAV Publishing House, Inc. ISBN 1-60280-013-8. Retrieved 25 December 2010.
- Joseph Siegman (2000). Jewish sports legends: the International Jewish Hall of Fame. Brassey's. ISBN 1-57488-284-8. Retrieved 25 December 2010.
- Official Website (Hungarian)
- Article on MTK at www.uefa.com
- European Cup 1955–56
- Soccerway profile
- Matches, old tickets, ground photos at magyarfutball.hu
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