MTR Metro Cammell EMU(DC)
M-Trains passing through the tunnel portal
Interior of the refurbished M-Train
|In service||1 October 1979—present|
|Manufacturer||Metro Cammell, GEC Alsthom|
|Built at||Washwood Heath, Birmingham, England
Kowloon Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong
|Entered service||1979-1989 (Phase 1 & 2), 1994-1998 (Phase 3)|
|Refurbishment||United Goninan (1998-2001)|
|Number built||762 cars (95 sets + 6 surplus cars)|
|Number in service||All except D737, D784, B/C493 and B/C459|
|Formation||8 cars per trainset
(4 and 6 cars in the past)(Except DRL)
|Fleet numbers||Axxx, Bxxx, Cxxx, Dxxx, Pxxx, Qxxx|
268 standing per car
(313 passengers per car,
2504 passengers per train)
|Depot(s)||Kowloon Bay Depot
Tsuen Wan Depot
Chai Wan Depot
Tseung Kwan O Depot
Siu Ho Wan Depot
|Line(s) served||█ Kwun Tong Line
█ Tsuen Wan Line
█ Island Line
█ Tseung Kwan O Line
█ Disneyland Resort Line
|Car length||22,850 mm (74 ft 11.6 in)
22,000 mm (72 ft 2.1 in)
23,160 mm (75 ft 11.8 in)
|Width||3,000 mm (118.11 in)|
|Height||3,700 mm (145.67 in)|
|Floor height||1,100 mm (43.31 in)|
|Doors||5 per side
3 per side(Only █ Disneyland Resort Line)
|Maximum speed||Design 90 km/h (56 mph)
Service 80 km/h (50 mph)
|Traction system||GEC GTO Chopper control with GEC G313 DC traction motor
I-Stock:Mitsubishi RCT Chopper with GEC G313 DC Traction Motor
|Power output||85 kilowatts (114 hp) per motor|
|Acceleration||1.0 m/s2 (3.3 ft/s2)|
|Deceleration||service:1.0 m/s2 (3.3 ft/s2)
emergency:1.4 m/s2 (4.6 ft/s2)
|Electric system(s)||1.5 kV DC catenary|
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Braking system(s)||Regenerative blend with air brake|
|Safety system(s)||ATO, ATP and SACEM
(All lines except
█ Disneyland Resort Line)
SelTrac (█ Disneyland Resort Line)
|Coupling system||BSI Coupler (Multi-Function Couplers)
|Track gauge||1,432 mm (4 ft 8 3⁄8 in)|
The M-Train is the oldest variation of Electric Multiple Unit that operates on the MTR rapid transit railway system in Hong Kong. 762 cars were ordered, built by Metro Cammell (now Alstom Transportation), and were refurbished starting in 1998 by the Australian company United Goninan.
The M-Train is the one variation (apart from ex-KCR stock) that uses sliding doors(another variation is CRC stock), as opposed to others which use plug doors. They are currently operating on the Kwun Tong Line, Tsuen Wan Line, Island Line and the Tseung Kwan O Line.
The refurbishment process involved altering the fibreglass facade on the exterior ends to modernise their appearance, as well as the installation of the advanced digital voice announcement (DVA) and passenger information systems. United Goninan was subsequently awarded a contract to maintain the MTR rolling-stock. It is also interesting to note that such advances were not integrated into the M-Stock until late 2001.
Each car is 3000 mm width over body panel, floor to rail is 1100 mm high and roof to rail is 3700 mm high.
A service train has an acceleration of 1.0 m/s2 (3.3 ft/s2) (3.6 kilometres per hour per second or 2.24 miles per hour per second), service brake is regenerative blend with air brake at the rate of 1.0 m/s2 (3.3 ft/s2) (3.6 kilometres per hour per second or 2.24 miles per hour per second) and emergency brake is air-brake at 1.4 m/s2 (4.6 ft/s2) (5.04 kilometres per hour per second or 3.13 miles per hour per second). The maximum speed for the M-Stock is 80 km/h, and are fitted for driverless operation. Primary suspension is chevron springs, while the secondary suspension is air bags. Traction system is through GTO chopper control. Each car has 45 seats and capable of holding 268 standing passengers, with space for wheelchairs.
Another refurbishment is planned (contract C1066-13E) that will update the trains' interior and exterior features to make them feel more modern.
M-Train is divided into 6 types of stock. They are the:
- CM-Stock - Modified Initial System stock (A/C101-170,B/C401-435)
- T-Stock - Tsuen Wan Line Stock A/C171-247 (except A/C182), B/C436-479 (except B/C459)
- I-Stock - Island Line Stock( A/C248-256,B/C459)
- G-Stock - Trains for Eastern Harbour Tunnel extension (A/C182,A/C257-269,B/C480-485)
- H-Stock - Trains For the signalling Upgrade (A/C270-291,B/C486-496)
- Q-Stock - All D Cars(See Below)(D601-788)
The traction system of M-Stock and T-Stock trains were changed to Chopper from Cam Shaft in 1992-1995, so they are called CM-Stock and CT-Stock now. All G-Stock, Q-Stock and H-Stock trains belong to Kwun Tong Line, Tseung Kwan O Line and Disneyland Resort Line respectively.
The configuration of a M-train in revenue service is (Up track direction) A-C-D-C-B-D-C-A (in 8cars) or (Up track direction) A-C-C-A (4cars, unavailable now). There was once a type of trains with all motor A-C-C-B-C-B-C-A (also known as "solid train"), but it was ungrouped into Disneyland Resort Line trains. Units A/C274 A/C281 A/C284 A/C289 A/C291 and B/C490 have been assigned to the Disneyland Resort Line and completely refurbished into new trains (see below.)
|Cars of M-Train (original)|
|car type||driver cab||motor||pantograph||car length||number
|A car||✓||✓||✗||22,850||74 ft 11.6 in||191|
|B car||✗||✓||✗||22,000||72 ft 2.1 in||96|
|C car||✗||✓||✓||22,000||72 ft 2.1 in||287|
|D car (trailer)||✗||✗||✗||23,160||75 ft 11.8 in||188|
The M-Stock trains (now CM-Stock trains) were the first batch of trains ordered by MTR. They were delivered from 1979–1982, and had their traction systems changed to GTO Chopper from Cam Shaft in 1992-1995. They serve on the Kwun Tong Line.
The T-Stock trains (now CT-Stock trains) were the second batch of trains ordered by MTR. They were delivered from 1982–1985 and also had their traction systems changed to GTO Chopper in 1992-1995. They serve on the Tsuen Wan Line.
The I-Stock trains were the third batch of trains, they were delivered from 1985–1986 and serve on the Island Line.
The G-Stock trains were built for the Eastern Harbour Crossing extension of the Kwun Tong Line (became part of the Tseung Kwan O Line in 2002), they were delivered from 1988–1989 and still serve on the Kwun Tong Line. They were the last batch of MTR M-Trains to be made by Metro Cammell before being acquired by GEC Alsthom (now Alstom) in 1989.
The H-Stock trains were delivered from 1994–1998 and some units were refurbished to serve on the Disneyland Resort Line (the remaining units serve on the Tseung Kwan O Line from 2002 to 2010, and Kwun Tong Line from April 2010 onwards). 88 cars were built locally in Kowloon Bay depot.
The first batch of Q-stock D-car (trailer) units were ordered as part of Phase 2A T-Stock (now CT-Stock) trains from 1984–1985, units D601-706 and D707-724; the second batch (units D725-752) were ordered from 1985–1986; the third batch (units D753-763) were ordered from 1988–1989, and the fourth and final batch (units D764-788) were ordered from 1994–1998 as part of Phase 3.
B/C459, B/C493, D737 and D784
Disneyland Resort line stock
When Disneyland Resort Line opened in 2005, some Second-hand M-Train units were refurbished and assigned to the line. The MTR designed a new driverless train and produced it by refitting existing M-Trains for the line which is designed with a Disney theme in mind. Statues of well-known Disney characters are included inside of the trains, such as Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck.
Units A/C274 A/C281 A/C284 A/C289 A/C291 and B/C490 of M-Train have been assigned to the Disneyland Resort Line and completely refurbished into new trains as:
- P501 - Q501 - Q502 - P502 (A291 - C291 - C284 - A284) (1)
- P503 - Q503 - Q504 - P504 (A289 - C289 - C274 - A274) (2)
- P505 - Q505 - Q506 - P506 (A281 - C281 - C490 - B490) (3)
- ex B/C - Added cab to B car
- Doors: 3 (side, 6 in total) (Electric Doors)
Each car is 3,000 mm (9 ft 10.11 in) wide over body panel, floor to rail is 1,100 mm (43.31 in) high and roof to rail is 3,700 mm (12 ft 1.67 in) high.
A service train has an acceleration of 1.0 m/s (3.28 ft/s) (3.6 kilometres per hour per second or 2.24 miles per hour per second), service brake is regenerative blend with air brake at the rate of 1.0 m/s (3.28 ft/s) (3.6 kilometres per hour per second or 2.24 miles per hour per second) and emergency brake is air-brake at 1.4 m/s (4.59 ft/s) 5.04 kilometres per hour per second or 3.13 miles per hour per second). The maximum speed for the M-Stock is 80 km/h (50 mph), and are fitted for driverless operation. Primary suspension is chevron springs, while the secondary suspension is air bags. Traction system is through GTO chopper control.
|Cars of M-Train (Disneyland refurbishment)|
|car type||driver cab||motor||pantograph||car length||number
|P car||✓||✓||✗||22,850||74 ft 11.6 in||6|
|Q car||✗||✓||✓||22,000||72 ft 2.1 in||6|
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2008)|
- Phase 3 (H-Stock) trainsets only
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to M-Trains (MTR).|
- 1970s Metro-Cammell Products - Metcam.co.uk (dedicative site)