|Type||Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung|
|Key people||Dr. Ulrich Dohle, CEO|
|Products||Diesel and gas internal combustion reciprocating engines|
|Owner(s)||Rolls-Royce Holdings and Daimler AG|
|Parent||Rolls-Royce Power Systems (previously operating as Tognum AG )|
MTU Friedrichshafen GmbH is a manufacturer of commercial internal combustion engines founded by Wilhelm Maybach and his son Karl Maybach in 1909. Wilhelm Maybach was the technical director of Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft (DMG) - a predecessor company of the German multinational automative corporation Daimler AG until he left in 1907. On 23 March 1909, he founded the new company, Luftfahrzeug-Motorenbau GmbH (literally "Aircraft Engine Building Company"), with his son Karl Maybach as director. A few years later the company was renamed to Maybach-Motorenbau GmbH ("Maybach Engine Construction Company"), which originally developed and manufactured diesel and petrol engines for Zeppelins, and then rail cars. The Maybach Mb.IVa was used in aircraft and airships of World War I.
The company first built an experimental car in 1919, with the first production model introduced two years later at the Berlin Motor Show. Between 1921 and 1940, the company produced various classic opulent vehicles. The company also continued to build heavy duty diesel engines for marine and rail purposes. During the second world war, Maybach produced the engines for Germany's medium and heavy tanks. The company was renamed MTU Friedrichshafen in the 1960s.
MTU derives from Motoren- und Turbinen-Union meaning "Motor (Engine) and Turbine Union".
The company manufactures diesel engines for trains, ships, oil and gas installations, military vehicles, agriculture, mining and construction equipment, as well as diesel generators and very new Molten carbonate fuel cells.
On 9 January 2014, Tognum was renamed Rolls-Royce Power Systems. The decision was made to reflect the industrial ties to Daimler AG and Rolls-Royce Holdings for the large engines, propulsion systems and distributed energy systems.
- 1909: Foundation of Luftfahrzeug-Motorenbau GmbH in Bissingen an der Enz as part of the Zeppelin corporation. The company manufactures engines for airships.
- 1912: 1911/12 relocation to Friedrichshafen; the name is changed to Motorenbau GmbH.
- 1918: Motorenbau GmbH is renamed Maybach-Motorenbau GmbH. After the end of the first world war the company began to manufacture car engines.
- 1966: Merger of the two companies Mercedes-Benz Motorenbau Friedrichshafen GmbH and Maybach-Motorenbau GmbH to form Maybach Mercedes-Benz Motorenbau GmbH.
- 1969: Maybach Mercedes-Benz Motorenbau GmbH is renamed Motoren und Turbinen-Union Friedrichshafen GmbH. The company is a subsidiary of MTU München GmbH which is owned at equal shares by Daimler-Benz AG and MAN AG until 1985.
- 1989: Incorporation of MTU Friedrichshafen in Deutsche Aero-space AG (DASA), a company of the Daimler-Benz Group.
- 1994: Cooperation of MTU Friedrichshafen with Detroit Diesel Corporation
- 1995: MTU Friedrichshafen and MTU München go their separate ways; MTU Friedrichshafen becomes a direct subsidiary of Daimler-Benz AG.
- 2001: MTU Motoren- und Turbinen-Union Friedrichshafen GmbH is renamed MTU Friedrichshafen GmbH.
- 2005: In late 2005, the DaimlerChrysler Off-Highway business unit, including MTU Friedrichshafen and the Off-Highway division of Detroit Diesel Corporation, is sold to the Swedish financial investor EQT Partners.
- 2006: The business is transferred into the new holding company Tognum, with MTU Friedrichshafen as its core company.
- 2009: MTU Friedrichshafen celebrates its centenary. In the same year introduction of the new Series 1600, rounding off the performance range at the lower end of the product portfolio.
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