MV Belgian Airman

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Career
Name: Empire Ballantyne (1941-42)
Belgian Airman (1942-45)
Owner: Ministry of War Transport (1941-42)
Belgian Government (1942-45)
Operator: Compagnie Maritime Belge, Antwerp (1942-45)
Port of registry: United Kingdom Glasgow (1941-42)
Belgium Antwerp (1942-45)
Builder: Harland & Wolff Ltd, Glasgow
Yard number: 1093
Launched: 21 October 1941
Completed: February 1942
Identification: UK Official Number 168706 (1941-42)
Code Letters BCQH allocated (1941-42)
ICS Bravo.svgICS Charlie.svgICS Quebec.svgICS Hotel.svg
Fate: Torpedoed and sunk, 14 April 1945
General characteristics
Tonnage: 6,959 GRT
Length: 432 ft 2 in (131.72 m)
Beam: 56 ft 2 in (17.12 m)
Depth: 34 ft 3 in (10.44 m)
Propulsion: 2 x 6-cylinder SCSA diesel engines (Harland & Wolff Ltd, Glasgow) 490 hp (370 kW)
Complement: 41, plus 6 DEMS gunners.[1]
MV Belgian Airman is located in USA
MV Belgian Airman
Location of the sinking of Belgian Airman.

Belgian Airman was a 6,959 ton cargo ship which was built by Harland & Wolff Ltd, Glasgow in 1941 for the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT). She was launched as Empire Ballantyne and transferred to the Belgian Government in 1942. She was sunk by a German U-boat on 14 April 1945.

History[edit]

Empire Ballantyne was built by Harland & Wolff Ltd, Glasgow as yard number 1093. She was launched on 21 October 1941 and completed in February 1942.[2] She was built for the MoWT and was to have been operated under the management of W A Souter & Co Ltd, Newcastle upon Tyne.[3] On 15 February 1942 she was transferred to the Régie de la Marine[4] of the Belgian Government and renamed Belgian Airman. She was managed by Compagnie Maritime Belge, Antwerp.[5]

On 25 April 1942, Belgian Airman rescued 23 survivors from the 3,841 GRT SS Modesta, which had been torpedoed and sunk by U-108 at 33°40′N 63°10′W / 33.667°N 63.167°W / 33.667; -63.167 (SS Modesta). The survivors were landed in Bermuda.[6]

Belgian Airman was a member of a number of convoys during the Second World War.

ON 162

Convoy ON 162 sailed from Liverpool on 12 January 1943 and arrived at New York on 11 February. Belgian Airman was carrying the Commodore, Captain H.C. Birnie, RNR.[7]

HX 228

Convoy HX 228 sailed from New York on 28 February 1943 and arrived at Liverpool on 15 March. Belgian Airman was one of the ships that detached from the convoy and proceeded to Halifax, Nova Scotia in order to reduce the size of the convoy to 60 ships.[8]

HX 229A

Convoy HX 229A which from New York on 9 March 1943 and arrived at Liverpool on 26 March. Belgian Airman joined at Halifax on 12 March. During the voyage, Belgian Airman was damaged by ice and diverted to Reykjavík, Iceland. She was carrying a cargo of steel and timber.[9]

SL 136

Convoy SL 136 sailed from Freetown, Sierra Leone on 3 September 1943 and arrived at Liverpool on 23 September. Belgian Airman was destined for Loch Ewe.[10]

Sinking[edit]

On 8 April 1945, Belgian Airman departed Houston, bound for New York and Antwerp.[4] She was carrying a cargo of sorghum and dairy feed.[11] At 15:50 CET,[12] on 14 April 1945, Belgian Airman was torpedoed and sunk off Chesapeake Bay, Maryland (36°09′N 75°05′W / 36.150°N 75.083°W / 36.150; -75.083). Her attacker was U-857.[13] One crew member was killed. The 46 survivors were rescued by the Liberty ship SS Harold A. Jordan. The survivors were landed at New York.[4]

The fate of the U-857 is unknown. It disappeared in the Atlantic in April, 1945. One theory is that it was sunk by a US Navy Airship with a Mk 24 FIDO Air-Dropped ASW Homing Torpedo.[14]

Official number and code letters[edit]

Official Numbers were a forerunner to IMO Numbers.

Empire Ballantyne had the UK Official Number 168706 and the Code Letters BCHQ were allocated to her.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "M/S Belgian Airman" (in French). Marine Belge. Retrieved 4 March 2009. 
  2. ^ Mitchell, W H, and Sawyer, L A (1995). The Empire Ships. London, New York, Hamburg, Hong Kong: Lloyd's of London Press Ltd. pp. p24. ISBN 1-85044-275-4. 
  3. ^ a b "LLOYDS REGISTER, NAVIRES A VAPEUR ET A MOTEURS". Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 3 March 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c "ss BELGIAN AIRMAN" (in English and French). Belgian Ships. Retrieved 4 March 2009. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Launched 1941: mv EMPIRE BALLANTYNE". Clydesite. Retrieved 4 March 2009. 
  6. ^ "Modesta". Uboat.net. Retrieved 4 March 2009. 
  7. ^ "CONVOY ON 162". Warsailors. Retrieved 4 March 2009. 
  8. ^ "CONVOY HX 228". Warsailors. Retrieved 4 March 2009. 
  9. ^ "CONVOY HX 229 A". Warsailors. Retrieved 4 March 2009. 
  10. ^ "Convoy SL.136 / MKS.24". Convoyweb. Retrieved 4 March 2009. 
  11. ^ "Belgian Airman". Uboat.net. Retrieved 4 March 2009. 
  12. ^ "Ship Details Belgian Airman". Ubootwaffe.net. Retrieved 4 March 2009. [dead link]
  13. ^ Some sources state that she was sunk by U-879
  14. ^ "U-857". U-boat.net. Retrieved 12 March 2009. 

Coordinates: 36°9′N 74°5′W / 36.150°N 74.083°W / 36.150; -74.083