MV RMS Mulheim

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Wreck is the RMS Mulheim off Lands End - geograph.org.uk - 291793.jpg
RMS Mülheim, September 2003
Career
Name: Zeus (1999)
RMS Mülheim (1999–2003)
Namesake: Mülheim
Owner: Kg CDL Leasing GmbH & Co
Operator: Rhein-Maas-und See Schiffahrtskontor (RMS)
Port of registry: Antigua and Barbuda Duisburg, Germany
Ordered: December 1997
Builder: Tulcea Shipyard
Yard number: 246
Laid down: February 1998
Launched: May 1999
Identification: IMO number: 9177870
Callsign V2AD1
Fate: Ran aground 22 March 2003
50°04′24″N 5°42′30″W / 50.073406°N 5.708452°W / 50.073406; -5.708452
General characteristics
Type: Container, general & bulk carrier
Tonnage: 1,599 GT
780 NT
2,500 DWT
Length: 89.74 m (294 ft 5 in) overall
84.94 m (278 ft 8 in) between perpendiculars
Beam: 11.67 m (38 ft 3 in)
Draught: 4.45 m (14 ft 7 in)
Depth: 5.80 m (19 ft 0 in)
Propulsion: Deutz SBV8M-628 diesel engine
Speed: 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph)
Capacity: 130 TEU
12,850 m3 (16,810 cu yd) cargo space
Complement: 6

The RMS Mülheim was a German cargo ship that was built in Romania and launched in May 1999. It was wrecked on 22 March 2003 at Land's End, United Kingdom.

Description[edit]

The ship was built by Tulcea Shipyard, Romania as yard number 246. She was ordered in December 1997, and the keel was laid in March 1998, before being launched in May 1999. The ship was 1,599 GT, 780 NT and 2,500 DWT.[1]

The ship was 89.74 metres (294 ft 5 in) long overall (84.94 metres (278 ft 8 in) between perpendiculars) with a beam of 11.67 metres (38 ft 3 in), a depth of 5.80 metres (19 ft 0 in), and a draught of 4.45 metres (14 ft 7 in). She had a hold capacity of 12,850 cubic metres (16,810 cu yd) and had a container capacity of 130 TEU.[1]

The ship was powered by a 2,039 brake horsepower (1,520 kW) Deutz SBV8M 628 diesel engine, which could propel her at 13 knots (24 km/h).[1]

History[edit]

The ship was originally named Zeus. She was placed under the flag of Antigua and Barbuda. She was owned by Kg CDL Leasing GmbH & Co Duisburg, Germany. By July 1999, she had been renamed RMS Mülheim and placed under the management of Rhein-Maas-und See Schiffahrtskontor (RMS). The IMO Number 9177870 was allocated and RMS Mülheim used the call sign V2AD1.[1]

Loss[edit]

Close up of remains of the RMS Mülheim near Lands End in Cornwall, UK.

On 22 March 2003, RMS Mülheim was on a voyage from Cork, Republic of Ireland to Lübeck, Germany,[2] transporting 2,200 tonnes of scrap car plastic.[3] The ship ran aground at approximately 0500 GMT in Gamper Bay, between Land's End and Sennen Cove, during which time there was "moderate visibility and fog patches".[4] On investigation, it was discovered that the chief officer—who had been on watch at the time—had caught his trousers in the lever of his chair when trying to get up, causing him to fall and rendering him unconscious. By the time he regained consciousness, RMS Mülheim was already bearing down on the shoreline.[3] Although the Sennen Lifeboat and Land's End Coastguard Cliff Team were able to reach the wreck quickly, the six-man Polish crew of the vessel were airlifted to safety by a search and rescue helicopter from RNAS Culdrose. The members of the crew were treated for shock at the Sennen Cove Lifeboat Station.[2]

There was diesel oil leaking into the ocean. The concerned agencies were informed, and a salvage operation was attempted. On 23 May 2003 RMS Mülheim was declared a constructive total loss.[1][5] The salvage work was provided by the leading company Wijsmuiler Salvage. To remove as much cargo as possible, a conveyor belt system was used. When the weather and tide permitted, workers on the wreck filled jumbo-sized bags with the ship's cargo. Those bags were then brought up the cliff by the conveyor, which had been placed on the cliff just above the wreck. The operation ended on 29 May 2003. Although most of the cargo was removed, some was lost to the ocean.[4] On 7 October 2003, in heavy seas, the ship was broken into two pieces. On 31 October 2003, the swells pushed the wreck of the RMS Mülheim into a rocky inlet called Castle Zawn. At that time the wreck was demolished down to its superstructure.[6]

Aftermath[edit]

A year after the wreck Surfers Against Sewage (SAS) reported that plastic and foam from the wreckage was still washing up on Cornish beaches. Neither breaks down in the ocean, and the organisation were afraid that the waste from the wreck would remain for years.[7]

Land's End – the place of the wreck[edit]

Land's End is the most westerly point of Cornwall and mainland Great Britain. Land's End is the subject of enormous storms. Romans called it "Bolerium", the seat of storms, and the old Cornish name is "Penn-an-Wlas", end of the land.[8]

Remains of the RMS Mülheim near Land's End in Cornwall, UK.
Remains of the RMS Mülheim with warning sign.

The treacherous reefs of Land's End are notorious for their shipwrecks over the centuries.[9] One of the richest shipwrecks was found there. Merchant Royal, which sank on 23 September 1641 whilst returning to London. The survivors provided a detailed description of the lost cargo — described in 1641 as "300,000 Pounds in silver, 100,000 Pounds in gold, and as much again in jewel" — as well as a general location near the Isles of Scilly, about "21 leagues" (about 35 to 40 miles) from Lands End. Great number of the intriguing wrecks make Land's End a desirable diving destination.[10][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "RMS Mulheim". Well and Canal. Retrieved 10 June 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Lands End Shipwreck, RMS Mulheim runs aground in Cornwall". VisitCornwall.TV & Silverquick Ltd. Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "Ship wrecked by 'trouser snag'". BBC News Online. 6 August 2003. Retrieved 10 June 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "The RMS Mulheim Salvage Operation Complete". Gov-News.org. 29 May 2003. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  5. ^ "Salvage effort for stricken ship". BBC News Online. 23 March 2003. Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  6. ^ "RMS Mulheim". Cowloe Productions. 29 May 2003. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  7. ^ "Coast threat 'shipwreck' protest". BBC News Online. 24 March 2004. Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  8. ^ "Land's End History". Land's End Landmark. Retrieved 28 April 2010. [dead link]
  9. ^ "Shipwrecks around the Cornish Coast". Cornwall in Focus. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  10. ^ "Record wreck 'found off Cornwall'". BBC News Online. 19 May 2007. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  11. ^ "Diving Cornwall – St Ives Bay – Isles of Scilly – Marazion.". VisitCornwall.TV & Silverquick Ltd. 29 May 2003. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 

Coordinates: 50°04′35″N 5°42′45″W / 50.07639°N 5.71250°W / 50.07639; -5.71250