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The Mañjuśrī-mūla-kalpa is text of the class designated as Kriyā-tantra. It is closely aligned and identified with the bodhisattva Mañjuśrī.[1]

This Mañjuśrī-mūla-kalpa is often cited as the earliest example of an extant Indian Buddhist Tantra. Some scholars identify it as a compilation of a core dated circa 6th century with accretions and additions.[1]

The Sanskrit version, significantly longer than its corresponding Chinese and Tibetan renderings, is still extant.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Keown, Damien (editor) with Hodge, Stephen; Jones, Charles; Tinti, Paola (2003). A Dictionary of Buddhism. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860560-9 p.172.