Mačva District

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Мачвански округ
Mačvanski okrug
District of Serbia
Location of Mačva District in Serbia
Location of Mačva District in Serbia
Country  Serbia
Administrative centre Šabac
Government
 • Commissioner n/a
Area
 • Total 3,268 km2 (1,262 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 298,931
 • Density 91.5/km2 (237/sq mi)
Municipalities 6 and 2 cities
Settlements 228
- Cities and towns 5
- Villages 223

The Mačva District (Serbian: Мачвански округ / Mačvanski okrug) pronounced [mǎtʃʋanskiː ôkruːɡ]) is a district of Serbia. The District expands in the western parts of Serbia, in the geographical regions of Mačva, Podrinje, Posavina, and Pocerina. It has a population of 298,931 people. The administrative centre of the Mačva district is Šabac.

Cities and municipalities[edit]

The district encompasses the cities and municipalities of:

Demographics[edit]

According to the last official census done in 2011, the Kolubara District has 298,931 inhabitants. 29.14% of the population lives in the urban areas. Ethnic composition of the district:

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 284,165
Roma 4,537
Muslims 1,501
Croats 327
Bosniaks 271
Yugoslavs 261
Montenegrins 185
Macedonians 150
Hungarians 108
Others 7,426
Total 298,931

History and culture[edit]

Famous monuments can be seen in the vicinity of Šabac, dedicated to events from the history of Serbian people: the Monument to Karađorđe and Serbian Heroes of the First Serbian Uprising and the Museum of the Battle of Mišar, the remnants of the ancient cities on the banks of the Sava river: Novo Selo, the site of the King Milutin's Palace and Kosanin grad, the medieval fortress on the Cer Mountain.

Not far away from Loznica stands the village of Tršić, the birthplace of the reformer of Serbian language and orthography, Vuk Karadžić. From Tršić, a footpath leads to the Tronoša Monastery, one of the oldest medieval endowments of the Nemanjić dynasty. This fourteenth-century monastery played an important part in the preservation of Serbian culture and tradition. Over a long period, particularly during the fourteenth century, a copying school tradition was nourished in it for its own and other monasteries' needs. This preserved the historic and cultural documents of the Serbian people.

Economy[edit]

The economy of this region is characterised by the big factories of the "Zorka" chemical industry, the "Šapčanka" Food Industry, the "Jela" furniture industry and the "Metaloplastika" metal and plastics industry. One of the biggest exporters from this city is tin mill which is now owned by U.S. Steel Serbia, this mill produces more than 200.000 tones of tin plate every year.

See also[edit]

Note: All official material made by Government of Serbia is public by law. Information was taken from www.srbija.gov.rs.