Linxia County, Gansu
|Years of service||1877–1900|
|Battles/wars||Dungan revolt, Boxer Rebellion|
He was the father of Ma Qi and Ma Lin (warlord). He fought against the foreign eight nation alliance in the Boxer Rebellion, defeating them at Battle of Langfang, and died of natural causes while he and the Kansu Braves were escorting the Imperial family to safety. His son Ma Qi took over his posts.
- Jun Jing (1998). The Temple of Memories: History, Power, and Morality in a Chinese Village. Stanford University Press. p. 25. ISBN 0-8047-2757-0. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
- University of Cambridge. Mongolia & Inner Asia Studies Unit (2002). Inner Asia, Volume 4, Issues 1-2. The White Horse Press for the Mongolia and Inner Asia Studies Unit at the University of Cambridge. p. 204. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
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