Ma Jian (simplified Chinese: 马健; traditional Chinese: 馬健; pinyin: Mǎ Jiàn; born 20 August 1969 in Shijiazhuang, Hebei) is a retired professional basketball player from China. He is known for playing college basketball for the University of Utah from 1993–1995, and becoming one of the first Chinese nationals to play competitive basketball in the United States. He was on the preseason roster of the Los Angeles Clippers in 1995 before being the last player cut. After being cut, Ma served as commentator for the Clippers games on Chinese radio station KAZN, a 24-hour Mandarin Chinese radio station covering the Los Angeles area.
He later returned to China to play for the Beijing Olympians of the Chinese Basketball Association (CBA), until he left during the 2000–2001 season.
He also played in the Philippines as an import in the Philippine Basketball League (PBL).
He also competed in the 1990 Asian Games and the 1992 Summer Olympics for the Chinese men's national basketball team.