Ma Jiyuan

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Ma Jiyuan
馬繼援
Ma Jiyuan.jpg
Ma Jiyuan
Born (1921-01-18)January 18, 1921
Linxia County, Gansu
Died February 27, 2012(2012-02-27) (aged 91)
Allegiance Flag of the Republic of China Republic of China
Years of service 1939-1949
Rank Major general
Commands held General Officer Commanding 82nd Army
Battles/wars Second Sino-Japanese War, Chinese Civil War, Heshui Campaign, Meridian Ridge Campaign, Lanzhou Campaign
Ma Jiyuan
Traditional Chinese 馬繼援
Simplified Chinese 马继援
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Ma.
Ma Jiyuan's wedding with a Kuomintang flag in the background.

Ma Jiyuan (January 18, 1921 – February 27, 2012) was a Ma clique warlord in China during the Republic of China era, ruling the northwestern province of Qinghai. He was the son and only child of general Ma Bufang and commanded nationalist forces against the communists at the Heshui Campaign, Meridian Ridge Campaign, and the Lanzhou Campaign during the Chinese Civil War. Ma was 28 years old when he defeated the Communists in 1948. On the Heshui campaign in 1948 Ma defeated 30,000 Communists. He led the 82nd division, a Cavalry division, of which 30 percent of whom were Muslims to charge the Communists with swords. Ma complained that the Kuomintang government was not resupplying him enough and that there was no more "revolutionary spirit". On the opposing side General Zhao Shoushan led the Communists, Chao formerly attended the same school as Ma.[1][2]

He became a colonel at the age of 16 and was promoted to major general at the age of 20. He had attended the Whampoa Military Academy. Ma was given a silver cup by the Divine Word Missionaries after he came back from the northwestern front.[3]

In May 1949, General Hu Zongnan and Ma set up a planned trap. Hu faked a retreat, then Communist General Peng Dehuai advanced with 120,000 men from Xi'an to Sichuan, but at 75 mmiles Hu started a pitched battle and then Ma personally led 20,000 of his cavalry forces to defeat the Communist forces and send them fleeing, and he continued to battle the Communist forces throughout July around Xi'an.[4]

In August 1949, Ma Bufang personally traveled by plane to the KMT government in Canton request supplies via airdrop, while his son Ma Jiyuan assumed command over the KMT forces at Lanzhou, who promised to defend the city to journalists, saying "Na shih yi ting ti" "(That is definite)", and, "Lanchow will never fall to the Communists". However, the government denied his request, and Ma flew back to Lanzhou, then abandoned lanzhou, retreating all the way back to Xining on trucks.[5] He defended Gansu during the Lanzhou Campaign from the Communists.[6]

Ma also was married to two women, and enjoyed watching American movies. His upbringing was under strict discipline, Chinese proverbs could be found posted around his HQ.[7]

He moved with his father to Egypt then to Saudi Arabia when his father was appointed as ambassador of the Republic of China to Saudi Arabia. In between the move he also traveled to Taiwan to advise the Ministry of National Defence and the Kuomintang party.

He died in Saudi Arabia in 2012.

Career[edit]

1944 General Officer Commanding 82nd Army[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MOSLEM GENERAL IS HERO IN CHINA; Young Leader Turned Back Red Threat to Sian and West -- Changchun Under Fire". THE NEW YORK TIMES. 27 May 1948. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ HENRY R. LIEBERMAN (31 May 1948). "Chinese General Scores a Victory". The Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  3. ^ HORLEMANN, BIANCA. "The Divine Word Missionaries in Gansu, Qinghai and Xinjiang, 1922–1953: A Bibliographic Note". Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  4. ^ "Foreign News: Ma v. Marx". TIME. June 27, 1949. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  5. ^ "CHINA: The Open Door". TIME. Aug 29, 1949. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  6. ^ June Teufel Dreyer (1976). China's forty millions: minority nationalities and national integration in the People's Republic of China. Harvard University Press. p. 84. ISBN 0-674-11964-9. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  7. ^ "Foreign News: Ma v. Marx". TIME. June 27, 1949. Retrieved April 11, 2011. 
  8. ^ Ma Jiyuan

External links[edit]