Ma Wanfu

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Ma Wanfu
Simplified Chinese 马万福
Traditional Chinese 馬萬福
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Ma.

Ma Wanfu (1849–1934), also known as Hajji Guoyuan 果园哈只,[1] was a Dongxiang Imam of the village Guoyuan (果园村) in Hezhou (present day Dongxiang Autonomous County in Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu province). He studied in Mecca and founded 1888[2] the Ikhwan (Yihewani 伊赫瓦尼)-movement, also known as the "New Sect" (Chinese Xinjiao pai 新教派 or Xinxinjiao 新新教) and it spread in Gansu, Ningxia and Qinghai. They opposed Sufism.[3]

Life[edit]

Ma Wanfu supported the Dungan revolt (1895–1896) against the Qing Dynasty, along with Ma Dahan and Ma Yonglin, but the rebellion was crushed by Chinese Muslim Hui forces led by Dong Fuxiang, Ma Anliang, Ma Fuxiang, Ma Fulu, and Ma Guoliang. Ma Wanfu surrendered, betraying the fellow Dongxiang rebel leader Ma Dahan.[4][5]

In 1915, Ma Anliang and Yang Zengxin arrested and attempted to executed Ma Wanfu, when Ma Qi rescued him as he was being shipped to execution and brought him to Xining.[6][7]

Literature[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.chinabaike.com/article/sort0525/sort0523/2007/20070716141427.html
  2. ^ http://www.shaliangzi.com/html/huizu/hmsyj/200810/22-150_3.html
  3. ^ http://www.nacsorg.com/finland2005/papers/suutarinen.pdf
  4. ^ Jonathan Neaman Lipman (2004). Familiar strangers: a history of Muslims in Northwest China. Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 168. ISBN 0-295-97644-6. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  5. ^ Michael Dillon (1999). China's Muslim Hui community: migration, settlement and sects. Richmond: Curzon Press. p. 102. ISBN 0-7007-1026-4. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  6. ^ Jonathan Neaman Lipman (2004). Familiar strangers: a history of Muslims in Northwest China. Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 207. ISBN 0-295-97644-6. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  7. ^ Aliya Ma Lynn (2007). Muslims in China. University Press. p. 27. ISBN 0-88093-861-7. Retrieved 2010-06-28.