Ma Zhan'ao

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Ma Zhan’ao, 馬占鰲
Born 1830
Linxia County, Gansu
Died 1886
Allegiance Flag of the Qing dynasty Qing dynasty
Years of service 1872-1877
Rank general
Battles/wars Dungan revolt
Awards 华翎五品顶戴 "feathered cap of the fifth rank"[1]
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Ma.

Ma Zhan’ao (1830–1886) (simplified Chinese: 马占鳌; traditional Chinese: 馬占鰲; pinyin: Mǎ Zhànáo; Wade–Giles: Ma Chan-ao) was a Chinese Muslim General who defected to the Qing Dynasty in 1872 during the Dungan revolt along with his General Ma Qianling and General Ma Haiyan who served under him during the revolt. He first sent Ma Chun (Ma Jun) to negotiate a surrender with General Zuo, but Zuo suspected a ruse. Ma then sent his son, Ma Anliang, to negotiate.[2] He then assisted General Zuo Zongtang in crushing the rebel Muslims.[3][4] In 1877 he and Ma Qianling expelled Muslim rebels who refused to give up from the hills surrounding Hezhou.[5] He had 2 sons, Ma Anliang and Ma Guoliang.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jonathan Neaman Lipman (2004). Familiar strangers: a history of Muslims in Northwest China. Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 266. ISBN 0-295-97644-6. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  2. ^ William Leslie Bales (1937). Tso Tsungt'ang, soldier and statesman of old China. Kelly and Walsh, Limited. p. 278. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  3. ^ Michael Dillon (1999). China's Muslim Hui community: migration, settlement and sects. Richmond: Curzon Press. pp. 68, 136. ISBN 0-7007-1026-4. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  4. ^ Jonathan Neaman Lipman (2004). Familiar strangers: a history of Muslims in Northwest China. Seattle: University of Washington Press. pp. 127, 140. ISBN 0-295-97644-6. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  5. ^ Jonathan Neaman Lipman (2004). Familiar strangers: a history of Muslims in Northwest China. Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 167. ISBN 0-295-97644-6. Retrieved 28 June 2010. 
  6. ^ 民国少数民族将军(组图)2 - 360Doc个人图书馆