Maad Ndaah Njemeh Joof

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Maad Ndaah Njemeh Joof
Joof family pic.JPG
King of Laah in Baol. The antelope is the totem of the Joof family. In the mythology of the Serer people, it symbolises grace, royalty, wisdom, hardwork and protector.
Reign c. 1290
Predecessor Preceded by Lamane Jegan Joof (founder of Tukar in c. 11th century)
Heir-apparent He is the ancestor of the Joof family. The last king of Sine and Saloum were Maad a Sinig Mahecor Joof and Maad Saloum Fode N'Gouye Joof respectively. They both died in 1969.
Full name
Maad Ndaah Njemeh Joof (proper : Maad Ndaah Njeeme Juuf)
Born Kingdom of Baol,
present-day  Senegal
Religion Serer religion

Maad Ndaah Njemeh Joof[1] (Serer : Maad Ndaah Njeeme Juuf or Mad Ndaah Njeeme Juuf[2]) is one of the patriarchs of the Joof family, himself the medieval King of Laah (or ) in Baol now part of independent Senegal.[3] He ruled from the late 13th century to the early 14th century, c. 1290. His descendants from the branch of Maad Patar Kholleh Joof (the conqueror) ruled the pre-colonial Kingdoms of Sine, Saloum and Baol, from the 14th century to 1969. The last king of Sine and Saloum (Maad a Sinig Mahecor Joof and Maad Saloum Fode N'Gouye Joof respectively) died in 1969. After their deaths, the Serer States of Sine and Saloum were incorporated into independent Senegal.[4][5][6] His descendants went on to found three royal houses :

Maad Ndaah Njemeh is one of the most significant figures in Serer and Senegambian dynastic history.[3] He stems from the royal line of Lamane Jegan Joof, the 11th century founder and King of Tukar.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ English spelling in English speaking Gambia, or Maad Ndaah Ndiémé Diouf" - French spelling in French speaking Senegal - see Joof family.
  2. ^ Also spelled : Bour Ndaah Ndiémé Diouf, Ndaah Njeeme Juuf, Maad Ndaah Njemeh Joof, etc.
  3. ^ a b (French) La famille Juuf [in] « L'épopée de Sanmoon Fay », in Éthiopiques, n° 54, vol. 7, 2e semestre 1991 [1]
  4. ^ (French) Éthiopiques, Issues 55-56. Fondation Léopold Sédar Senghor, 1991, p. 148
  5. ^ a b c d (French) Diouf, Niokhobaye, « Chronique du royaume du Sine, suivie de notes sur les traditions orales et les sources écrites concernant le royaume du Sine par Charles Becker et Victor Martin », Bulletin de l'IFAN, tome 34, série B, n° 4, 1972
  6. ^ (English) Klein, Martin A., Islam and Imperialism in Senegal. Sine-Saloum, 1847-1914, Edinburgh University Press, 1968, p. XV

Bibliography[edit]

  • "La famille Juuf [in] « L'épopée de Sanmoon Fay », in Éthiopiques, n° 54, vol. 7, 2e semestre 1991
  • Éthiopiques, Issues 55-56. Fondation Léopold Sédar Senghor, 1991,
  • Diouf, Niokhobaye, « Chronique du royaume du Sine, suivie de notes sur les traditions orales et les sources écrites concernant le royaume du Sine par Charles Becker et Victor Martin », Bulletin de l'IFAN, tome 34, série B, n° 4, 1972
  • Klein, Martin A., Islam and Imperialism in Senegal. Sine-Saloum, 1847-1914, Edinburgh University Press, 1968, p. XV