Kodava maaple

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Maaple)
Jump to: navigation, search

'Kodava maaple' or (Maaple) (Kannada :ಕೊಡವ ಮಾಪ್ಳೆ) is a Muslim community residing in Coorg district of Karnataka State in southern India. In Coorg many Kodavas were forcefully converted to Islam during the rule of Tippu Sultan(The sword of Mysore) in Coorg,are called 'Kodava Maaple' Or 'Jamma Maaples' ( not to be confused with the Kerala Mapillas). Some of the Kodava Maaples have married with Malabar Mappilas and Tulu Bearys. The Kodava Maaples belong to Sunni Islam, refrain from alcohol and eat only Halal. They maintained their original Kodava clan names and dress habits and spoke Coorg language although now they do follow some Kerala-Beary customs also.

History[edit]

When Mysore captured Kodagu in the eighteenth century, its' inhabitants, the Kodava, rebelled. During a number of attempts to suppress their rebellion in the 1780s, a number of Kodava Hindus were captured and imprisoned by Tipu Sultan, the ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore.These captives were forcibly deported, some of them were converted and some were killed. The estimated numbers of the captives vary according to different sources, from 500 (according to Punganuri) to 85,000 (according to B. L. Rice). During the Third Anglo-Mysore War (1789-1792) 5,000 Coorg men along with their families, amounting to 12,000 people escaped from prison in Seringapatam (Srirangapatna) and came back into Coorg.[1][2] With Coorg depopulated of its original inhabitants, Tipu sought to Islamize it with Muslim settlements. To this end, he brought in 7,000 men from the Shaikh and Sayyid clans, along with their families. However, this attempt proved to be partly successful, as many of them were eventually slain or fled after Tipu lost Coorg. A few continued to remain on in Kodagu as they were on amiable terms with the Kodagu Raja and the Kodavas and they speak Urdu today. The Coorg capital of Madikeri had been renamed to Zafarabad by the Sultan in the meanwhile.[3] During the Mysore War (1789-1792) in 1791, one night the British attacked the Sultan's army which fled. That day the Asadulai (converts) who were seized at Coorg and other places along with the Neze Cardar (lancers) all numbering ten thousand people escaped with their weapons to Coorg.[4] Tipu's batteries were taken and there was confusion among Tipu's troops during that nightly encounter. According to Moegling, 5000 Coorgs, who had been carried away by Tippu with their wives and children, altogether 12,000 souls, made their escape and returned to their native country (Coorg).[2]

Culture and language[edit]

The descendants of the converts, many of them now inter-married with the Malabar Mappilas and Tulu Bearys, constitute a very small minority in modern Kodagu. In spite of their change in faith, they maintained their original Kodava clan names and dress habits and speak Kodava language, although now they do follow some MappilaBeary customs also. Today, there are Mapilas (Muslims) whose family names are Kodava names. There is Alira, Cheeranda, Chimma Cheera, Duddiyanda, Kaddadiyanda, and Kolumanda in Virajpet. In the Devanageri village, there is Muslim family names like Puliyanda and in the regions surrounding Virajpet, there is Muslim family names like Kuvalera, Italtanda, Mitaltanda, Kuppodanda, Kappanjeera. Similarly, in the Madikeri taluk, there is Kalera, Chekkera, Charmakaranda, Maniyanda, Balasojikaranda, and Mandeyanda. Intriguingly, in the Hoddur village in Madikeri taluk, there is a Muslim family with the surname of Harishchandra. Some of these surnames are shared by non-Muslim Kodava Hindus.[5][6]

'Kodava maaples' follows the culture among with kodavas, traditionally Maaple men follows Kodavas and women follows south Indian dress code with religious Burkha & Hijab. Many of them retain their Kodava family or clan names.They contract marriage alliances with the Muslims of Coorg, Mangalore and Kerala. But their culture is different from the Kerala Muslims, because they follows mixed culture with the Coorgis and Mangalorean Muslims. All of them used to speak in Kodava Takk, although now some of them speak in Malayalam and Tulu due to intermarriages. Those of the Syed and Sheikh clans who remained in Kodagu from the times of Tipu and were on good terms with Kodavas and their Raja speak Urdu.[7]

'Yemmemad Dargha' in Coorg is their main shrine is most sacred places of the Muslims. This dargah is located in Yemmemadu near Napoklu in Coorg. The shrine and tomb is built in memory of Hazrath Sufi Shaheed and Sayyed Hassan Sakaf Halramir who came from Persia to give religious discourses and devoted their life to the service and help the poor. There is an annual Urs held at this place which goes on for around eight days and more than two lakh devotees from all religion across the state come here to participate and get blessings from the Sufi saints.Women are denied entry into the Darga and separate arrangements are made to enable them to offer prayers. [7][8][9]

See also[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Karnataka State Gazetteer: Coorg. Director of Print, Stationery and Publications at the Government Press. 1965. p. 70. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Moegling, H (1855). Coorg Memoirs: An Account of Coorg and of the Coorg Mission. p. 117. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  3. ^ Prabhu 1999, p. 223
  4. ^ Punganuri, Ram Chandra Rao (1849). Memoirs of Hyder and Tippoo: Rulers of Seringapatam, Written in the Mahratta language (Google e-book). p. 47. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  5. ^ . Sandeep Web http://www.sandeepweb.com/2013/03/11/its-not-to-hate-tipu-but-to-know-the-truth/. Retrieved 8 July 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ Balakrishna, Sandeep. Tipu Sultan-The Tyrant of Mysore. p. 108. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  7. ^ a b Khan, Abdul Mabud; Singh, Nagendra Kr (2001). Encyclopaedia of the World Muslims: Tribes, Castes and Communities, Volume 1. Global Vision Pub House. p. 935. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  8. ^ "Yemmemadu Dargah sharief". Coorg Creek. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  9. ^ "Dargah sharief of Yemmemadu". Go Coorg. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 

References[edit]

  • Cariappa, Ponnamma (1981). The Coorgs and their origins. The University of Michigan. p. 419. .
  • Moegling, H. (1855). Coorg Memoirs. .
  • Prabhu, Alan Machado (1999). Sarasvati's Children: A History of the Mangalorean Christians. I.J.A. Publications. ISBN 978-81-86778-25-8. .
  • Prabhu, Alan Machado (1999). Sarasvati's Children: A History of the Mangalorean Christians. I.J.A. Publications. ISBN 978-81-86778-25-8. .