|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2011)|
|Municipality||City of Tshwane|
|• Total||42.20 km2 (16.29 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,600/km2 (6,800/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||99.2%|
|First languages (2011)|
|• Northern Sotho||9.9%|
|Postal code (street)||0190|
Mabopane was proclaimed in 1963 as a black-only residential settlement by the then Transvaal administration. Before its proclamation the area was under the administration of Transvaal government little more than grazing lands with small communities in Boukenhout and Hebron. With the financing coming from the South African government the first block houses were constructed similar to those found in Soweto, beginning with Block A, Block B, Block C, Block D and Block E. The areas within Mabopane were planned according to the class of its citizens; for example Block D (with many mansions which housed the politically connected) in comparison to Block E (block–houses). Mabopane was part of the bantustan of Bophuthatswana from 1977 to 1994.
In the Apartheid days Mabopane was an active base for P.A.C and A.N.C members who mobilized workers against the government and playing the South African government against the Bophuthatswana Administration. The times were tough particularly in the mid 1980s as the local authority were holding on to power. Mabopane Square used to be the gathering ground for activists and communists protesting against the then government. School riots were plentiful in the 1976 Student Uprising. Several township administration halls were burnt, and the bus depot opposite what is now Ace wholesalers was vandalized. With democracy on its way in the early 1990s the face of Mabopane started to change. The old authorities were replaced with new leaders in what was then the Town of Mabopane. Hon. Lehobye was the first mayor along with Hon. Molema deputy mayor who were elected to administer the town.
Many institutions were built by then “President Mangope” like MANPOWER, hospitals, homes, police stations, government departments schools and prisons at such a rate that is to this day unattainable by the present government. He provided good education and security for the citizens of Mabopane. During the late 1990s Mabopane's growth slumped in line with the national recession which had negative consequences for the citizens of Mabopane. In the advent of the new millennium Mabopane has seen new growth and repairs and maintenance of its infrastructure. In 1977 when Bophuthatswa was granted independency, the then President Lucas Mangope moved all non Batswana to Mabopane east and called it Soshanguve. All the Ngunis were moved to this part of the township
The climate is sub tropical.
Almost all of Mabopane's residents are of black race, with a few Somali traders and shopkeepers. The age groups in the township is generally in line with the country's age groups, with teenagers as the largest age group.
The majority of residents are of the Christian faith with different nominally sects like Zcc, Lutheran, Twelve apostle and John Wesley. Non-Christian faiths in the minority include Islam and Atheism. Mabopane like most townships in South Africa has a wide range of income groups, the poorest earn between US$100-$US300 of which comes mostly from State social grants, the second group middle class earnings is generally between US$400-US$1400. There is a definite class distinction within this group. The upper class in the township as the minority enjoys low property value taxes and rates they income bracket does exceed US$5000 along with large equity in assets. The upper class is comparable to the middle class in any developed country.
Most residents in the township rely on public transport to commute and this is through rail (Mabopane Station), bus and taxi. The trains usually take working residents to the main industrial area's in Pretoria, whilst the taxi is used for local travel (within Mabopane, Soshanguve, Ga-Rankuwa and Hebron), it costs about US$0.70 for a trip that can span 8 miles. Transport to the main city is through the larger taxis which carry 14-22 passengers. The taxis are available from 05:00-19:00 and will cost US$2 to commute about 26.66 miles to town. Most taxis are efficient, clean and the drivers will show courtesy to their passengers. About 20% of citizens own cars.
The languages in Mabopane mostly are from the Bantu origins. Tswana, Sotho, Sepedi, Ndebele, Tsonga, Zulu and English are the languages spoken in Mabopane, most residents can only speak two or three languages. The overwhelming majority of residents understand and speak Tswana.
Some of the counselors serving the district include struggle heroes MMC S. Nkhwashu, MMC D Lehobye, Couns. J Letebele and Couns. J Sindane who is the current couselor. Mabopane has good representation at Munitoria through the counselors.
Local government C.o.T manages the area through agencies such as Sandspruit Water works and Eskom, locally it operates from Boukenhout. Residents enjoy tax rebates on property, discounted electricity and water services. The local government has put effort into cleaning and maintaining Mabopane Square and surrounding gardens. The local government however has being slow in improving the infrastructure of Mabopane many roads remain untarred, manhole open and lack of security (Tshwane Metropolitan Police department to open up in 2011/2012 on Lucas Mangope st Block U)
Primary and High Schools
Higher Education in Mabopane is seriously under pressure as more students prefer to attend lecture outside the district. There is only one community college, Tshwane South College previously known as MANPOWER. It offers a medium variety of courses, mainly rudimentary and basic and technical skills subjects. There is no option to receive any degree but a national certificate accredited by Umalusi. There is a large failure rate at this campus in comparison to other colleges.
There are about two F.E.T (Further Education Training) institutions in Mabopane offering transferring skills mainly to unemployed residents, the elderly and women. Mmc D. Lehobye was never an activist & she never participated in women's league during the uprising, we know activist heroes like Mrs Baard who once led the march to Mabopane police station for free political activity, we also know Mrs Selikisho who had allowed and accommodated ANC,SACP,Youth league & women's league into her house while there were no free political activity allowed by Bophuthatswana government.
Mabopane’s healthcare is one of the more advanced in the northern townships. It includes a private (advanced) hospital Legae (owned by Medi-Clinic), Odi Public Hospital (administed by the provincial government) with its hinterland coming in all the way from as far as Botswana. There are several clinics in the community in Boukenhout, Block B, and another clinic also in Block B which is under construction.
There are several doctors and specialists in Mabopane who are qualified and have access to the latest technology and innovations. These doctors are mostly in Lucas Mangope street. There are non-franchise pharmacies in Mabopane in Terminus and Block C being the most respected.
There is a small home for those infected with HIV/AIDS in Block X. Currently there are no mental institutions in Mabopane.
Tswana, Zulu, Pedi and Tsonga There were many choral groups(choirs)in Mabopane namely:Macmor,Mabopane Choral,Mabopane Adult Choir,etc.,with conductors such as Mr Danny Poe,Mr Mpho Molefe,The Late Mr Modikoe and many more.
Soccer and indoor games. The Odi Stadium is in Mabopane.
Points of interest
There are a number of points of interest in and around the township. Here are some of the most notable ones.