Macaranga

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Macaranga
Macaranga tanarius foliage and flowers.jpg
Macaranga tanarius
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Acalyphoideae
Tribe: Acalypheae
Subtribe: Macaranginae
Genus: Macaranga
Thouars 1806[1]
Species

300+, see text

Macaranga peltata from the Western Ghats.

Macaranga is a large genus of Old World tropical trees of the family Euphorbiaceae and the only genus in the subtribe Macaranginae. Native to Africa, Australasia, Asia and the South Pacific, the genus comprises over 300 different species. These plants are noted for being recolonizers. Macaranga species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus. Macaranga species often form symbioses with ant (Formicidae) species (particularly Crematogaster ants of the subgenus Decacrema) because they have hollow stems that can serve as nesting space and occasionally provide nectar. The trees benefit because the ants attack herbivorous insects and either drive them away or feed on them.[2]

Use[edit]

Macaranga Gum, a crimson resin is obtained from Macaranga indica.

Synonymy[edit]

Species include[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Du Petit-Thouars (1806). Genera nova madagascariensia secundum methodum jussiaeanam disposita. Paris. 29pp
  2. ^ Federle, W.; Maschwitz, U.; Fiala, B. (1998). "The two-partner ant-plant system of Camponotus (Colobopsis) sp. 1 and Macaranga puncticulata (Euphorbiaceae): Natural history of the exceptional ant partner". Insectes Sociaux 45 (1): 1–16. doi:10.1007/s000400050064. 
  3. ^ "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". Retrieved 2013-10-25.