Macarthur, Australian Capital Territory

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Macarthur
CanberraAustralian Capital Territory
Macarthur IBMap-MJC.png
Coordinates 35°24′21″S 149°07′48″E / 35.40583°S 149.13000°E / -35.40583; 149.13000Coordinates: 35°24′21″S 149°07′48″E / 35.40583°S 149.13000°E / -35.40583; 149.13000
Population 1,460 (2011)[1]
 • Density 1,120/km2 (2,910/sq mi)
Established 1983
Gazetted 22 March 1982
Postcode(s) 2904
Area 1.3 km2 (0.5 sq mi)
District Tuggeranong
Territory electorate(s) Brindabella
Federal Division(s) Canberra
Suburbs around Macarthur:
Fadden
Gilmore Macarthur Fadden
Chisholm Gilmore Gilmore

Macarthur (postcode 2904) is a suburb in the Canberra district of Tuggeranong. The suburb is named after John Macarthur, one of the founders of Australia's Merino wool industry.[2] It was gazetted on 22 March 1982 and first settled in 1983.[2] The wool industry is the theme for street names.[2] The suburb has an area of 1.27 km². It is next to the suburbs of Fadden and Gilmore, and is located north of Isabella Drive.

Macarthur seen from Tuggeranong Hill; note the Canberra tip in the top right

Demographics[edit]

There were 1,460 people living in Macarthur on Census night 2011. The median age of people in Macarthur was 38 years, compared to a median age of 34 for the ACT. Unemployment in Macarthur was 1.2% lower than the ACT average. The median weekly individual income for Macarthur in 2011 was $1,032, compared to the ACT average of $917, while the median weekly household income was $2,737. In 2011 the median monthly housing loan repayment in Macarthur was $2,200.[1]

The residents of Macarthur are predominantly Australian born, with 80.6% being born in Australia. The three main countries of birth for those born overseas were England, 5.3%, Scotland 1.0, and Singapore, 0.9%. The most popular religious affiliations in descending order are Catholic, no religion, Anglican, Uniting and Presbyterian and reformed.[1]

Suburb amenities[edit]

Macarthur Preschool is located on Carson Street; its closure is planned for the end of 2006.[3] Wanniassa Hills, part of the Canberra Nature Park, is located in Macarthur. Macarthur also includes a horse holding paddock.

Three ACTION bus routes service Macarthur. Route 67 runs through Macarthur along Coyne Street as part of its route between the Tuggeranong and Woden Interchanges; this service runs every 30 to 60 minutes between 6:30 a.m. and 7:30 p.m. on weekdays. The additional service 267 follows the same route through Macarthur as Route 67. It runs during peak hour from the Tuggeranong Interchange to City West. Another service, route 966 runs between 8:00 a.m. and 11:00pm on Saturdays, 9:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m. on Sundays and from 7:00 p.m. until 11:00 p.m. on weeknights to link the suburb to Tugggeranong, Erindale Centre, Fadden and Gowrie when the 67 service does not operate.[4]

Sport[edit]

For a few years Macarthur was part of the ACT's motorsport activities. In 1978 a group of Canberra motorcycle racers approached the Department of the Interior for permission to use an unbuilt, yet developed, area in one of the unused suburbs in Tuggeranong for racing. The Department gave them permission provided they found a suitable suburb that was well away from built-up areas in the closest suburb, Kambah, and that they complied with noise restrictions of that time. Macarthur, which was being developed but not actively being built upon, was chosen and was thus called Macarthur Park.

Macarthur Park used Coyne Street, Jackie Howe Crescent, Merriman Crescent and Carson Street to form the circuit and the undulating nature of the course made it one of the most attractive road courses in south-east Australia. The Canberra Road Racing Club (formed while racing at Fairburn Park) organised its first race meeting in 1978. Between 1978 and 1982 many race meetings and championship races were run with some modifications to the circuit made to accept sidecars in the last two years of competition.

Now that the suburb has been developed the circuit no longer exists. The only signs are the miscoloured traffic island extension on Coyne Street, which was put back in after the island was shortened to allow sidecars to be raced on the circuit, and a sign in the nearby pines about 50 metres from a small off-street carpark that explains the short history of the circuit and the riders that rode it. Visitors to the area may notice the name of Wayne Gardener on the sign.[5]

Politics[edit]

Macarthur is located within the federal electorate of Canberra. Gai Brodtmann currently (2014) represents the electorate of Canberra in the House of Representatives.

In the ACT Legislative Assembly, Gowrie is in the Brindabella electorate, which is currently represented by three Liberal and two Labor members.

Geology[edit]

Macarthur is built on Deakin Volcanics green-grey, purple and cream rhyolite. This is from the Silurian age at 414 Mya.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Macarthur (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Canberra's suburb and street names : origins and meanings. Department of the Environment, Land and Planning. 1992. p. 87. ISBN 1-86331-128-9. 
  3. ^ 666 ABC Canberra (2006) School closures list from the ACT Budget :: ABC Canberra. Retrieved 9 July 2006
  4. ^ ACTION Buses (2006) ACTION Buses. Retrieved 5 April 2007
  5. ^ mcnews.com.au (2002) Back to Macarthur Park Retrospective. Retrieved 7 August 2007
  6. ^ Henderson G A M and Matveev G, Geology of Canberra, Queanbeyan and Environs 1:50000 1980.