Macau Grand Prix

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Macau Grand Prix
Guia Circuit
Circuito da Guia GP.svg
Race information
Laps 15
Circuit length 6.120 km (3.803 mi)
Race length 91.800 km (57.042 mi)
Number of times held 59
First held 1954
Most wins (drivers) Hong Kong John MacDonald (4)
Most wins (constructors) Italy Dallara (21)
Last race (2013)
Pole position
Podium
Fastest lap
The entry into the Lisboa corner, Guia Circuit

The Macau Grand Prix is a motor-racing event held annually in Macau, one of China's Special Administrative Regions. It is known for being the only street circuit racing event in which both car and motorcycle races are held. Every year in November hundreds of racing drivers and riders compete in different categories of motor-racing, including single-seaters, touring cars and motorbikes.

One of the highlights of the race weekend is the Macau Formula Three Grand Prix, which features many national Formula 3 champions and drivers around the world. Due to the challenging nature of the circuit, which consists of fast straights (a Formula Three car can reach a top speed of 275 km/h (171 mph) at the end of this stretch[1]), tight corners and uncompromising crash barriers, the Macau Grand Prix is famously known as one of the most demanding circuits in the world. Many current or former Formula One drivers have participated in the event early in their careers and some of them have won the prestigious prize. Famous winners include Riccardo Patrese, Ayrton Senna, Michael Schumacher, David Coulthard, Ralf Schumacher and Takuma Sato.

Since 2005, the double-header Guia Race of Macau, which traditionally features touring cars from world-renowned car manufacturers, has officially become the final two races of the FIA World Touring Car Championship (WTCC).

History[edit]

The Macau Grand Prix was originally conceived in 1954 as a treasure hunt around the streets of the city,[2] but shortly after it was suggested that the hunt's track could host a professional racing event for local motor enthusiasts. The race continued as an amateur race until 1966, when Belgian driver Mauro Bianchi entered the race in an Alpine A220 (chassis #1722).[3] Alpine Renault had also sent engineer, Jean-Paul Castilleux, to assist Bianchi with technical aspect of the car.[4] Bianchi's victory and exposure led to more professional racing teams entering the Grand Prix in the following years.

The motorcycle race was introduced in 1967, and in that year the first fatal tragedy struck the race: double champion Dodjie Laurel was killed when he lost control of his car and crashed. This raised the alarm for more safety improvements for the race.

The first Guia race for touring cars was held in 1972. Macau's Guia Race for touring cars is a particular race for this category, as very few races with these cars are held on street circuits. Since 2005 the race has officially become the final two rounds of FIA World Touring Car Championship.

In 1983, it was decided by the organisers that since Formula Pacific was becoming obsolete, the race would be held as a Formula Three event. Initially, they wanted to run a F2 race, but as they were unwilling to make any large circuit modifications, which included cutting down trees, the organisers settled for F3. This turned out to be a right decision, given the fact that since then it has raised the reputation of the event in the motorsport world by attracting the best young drivers from Europe and Japan to compete in the event. The first F3 race was won by a young Ayrton Senna. The race in 1990 was a memorable one, as Michael Schumacher and Mika Häkkinen were involved in an incident when they were in positions 1 and 2 going into the final lap. At the main straight just after the Mandarin Oriental Bend, Häkkinen hit the back of Schumacher's car and crashed out when he attempted to overtake him. Schumacher's car was able to continue with its rear wing damaged and eventually won the race with the best aggregate time. Other notable winners include Formula One drivers David Coulthard, Ralf Schumacher and Takuma Sato. Since the introduction of F3 races, the Macau GP has gradually become a stepping stone for many F3 drivers to higher class motor-racing competitions such as the GP2 series and Formula One.

Macau is a special event for motorcycle riders too. The Motorcycle Grand Prix has featured many famous riders such as Kevin Schwantz, Carl Fogarty, Ron Haslam and Michael Rutter.

Teddy Yip was one of the main forces behind the Macau Grand Prix back in '70s and 80s, leading the Grand Prix to be one of the world's most famous motor racing events. The Macau Grand Prix parties he hosted for many years at his home also became a central part of the social aspect of the Grand Prix.

Today[edit]

The 2008 Macau Grand Prix in progress.

The Macau Grand Prix race weekend normally starts on the Thursday and ends on the Sunday on the second or third week of November. The first two days (Thursday and Friday) are generally scheduled for practicing and qualifying. All races are held on Saturday and Sunday, with the final rounds of the heavyweights Macau Formula 3 Grand Prix and the Guia Race (scheduled to be the final 2 rounds of the FIA World Touring Car Championship since 2005) held on the last day. Both the Macau Formula 3 Grand Prix and the Guia Race are sanctioned by the FIA and the winner of the Macau Formula 3 Grand Prix is awarded the FIA Intercontinental Cup. Apart from the two major races held at the race weekend, the Macau Motorcycle Grand Prix is also one of the highlights of the weekend since it features former or current racers of the Superbike World Championship. Other races include the Formula BMW Pacific race, and for locals and Hong Kong drivers who want a slice of the action, Interport Race for novices, CTM Cup race the experienced.

Newly introduced into the 2007 race is the Road Sport Challenge for popular sport compact cars commonly associated with the tuner market, Macau GT Cup for GT3 cars.

Races that have been held in the past but have since been discontinued includes the ATCS race, Supercar Cup for road going exotic sports cars, the Formula Renault race, the Porsche Carrera Cup Asia race, the scooter race for locals and in the past but on a less than frequent basis, a Jackie Chan endorsed race for celebrity women drivers (partnered with pro racers) involving Mitsubishis, with whom Chan hold a sponsorship deal.

The Guia circuit[edit]

Characteristics: A street circuit with a combination of fast straights and tight corners. It is recognised,[5] as one of the most challenging circuits in the world.

  • Length: 3.8 miles (6.2 km)
  • Minimum width: 22.8 feet (7 m)

Lap record (racing lap)[edit]

Category Record Driver Car/Bike Date
1993–[6]
Formula 3 Grand Prix 2:10.732 Italy Edoardo Mortara Dallara F308-Volkswagen 2009
GT Cup 2:19.550 Italy Edoardo Mortara Audi R8 LMS 2013
Formula Renault 2:23.135 United States Scott Speed Tatuus-Renault F7R 2004
Motorcycle Grand Prix 2:23.616 United Kingdom Stuart Easton Kawasaki Ninja ZX-10R 2010
Porsche Carrera Cup 2:27.343 Hong Kong Darryl O'Young Porsche 911 GT3 Cup 2007
Guia race (Super Touring) 2:29.253 United Kingdom Steve Soper BMW 320i 1997
Formula BMW 2:29.449 United Kingdom William Buller Mygale FB02-BMW K1200RS 2009
Asian Formula 2000 2:30.052 France Philippe Descombes Argo-Ford Zetec 1.8 2001
Guia race (Super 2000) 2:30.881 United Kingdom Robert Huff Chevrolet Cruze 2011
Road Sport Challenge 2:32.974 Japan Manabu Orido Nissan GT-R 2010
Guia race (Super Production) 2:39.634 United Kingdom Simon Harrison Honda Integra Type-R 2003
CTM Touring Car[7] 2:40.916 Hong Kong Paul Poon Chevrolet Lacetti 2012
Supercar race 2:41.877 Hong Kong Kevin Wong Porsche 911 GT3R 2000
ACMC race 2:42.591 Hong Kong Cheung Wai On Honda RS125 2003
Interport race[8] 2:48.216 Macau Alvaro Mourato Honda Integra DC5 2010

Winners – Title Race[edit]

Year GP Winner Entrant Chassis – Engine Rules Report
1954 Macau Eduardo de Carvalho Triumph TR2 Sports car
1955 Hong Kong Robert Ritchie Austin-Healey 100 Sports car
1956 Hong Kong Doug Steane Mercedes-Benz 190SL Sports car
1957 United Kingdom Arthur Pateman Mercedes-Benz 300SL Sports car
1958 Singapore Chan Lye Choun Aston Martin DB3S Sports car
1959 Hong Kong Ron Hardwick Jaguar XKSS Sports car
1960 Hong Kong Martin Redfern Jaguar XKSS Sports car
1961 United Kingdom Peter Heath Lotus 15-Climax Formula Libre
1962 Philippines Arsenio Laurel Lotus 22-Ford Formula Libre
1963 Philippines Arsenio Laurel Lotus 22-Ford Formula Libre
1964 Hong Kong Albert Poon Lotus 23-Ford Formula Libre
1965 Hong Kong John MacDonald Lotus 18-Ford Formula Libre
1966 Belgium Mauro Bianchi Alpine-Renault T66 Formula Libre
1967 Malaysia Tony Maw Lotus 20B-Ford Formula Libre
1968 Singapore Jan Bussell McLaren M4C Formula Libre
1969 Australia Kevin Bartlett Mildren-Waggott Formula Libre
1970 Austria Dieter Quester BMW F270 Formula Libre
1971 Singapore Jan Bussell McLaren M4C Formula Libre
1972 Hong Kong John MacDonald Brabham BT36 Formula Libre
1973 Hong Kong John MacDonald Brabham BT40 Formula Libre
1974 Australia Vern Schuppan Hong Kong Theodore Racing March 72B-Ford Formula Pacific
1975 Hong Kong John MacDonald Ralt RT1-Ford Formula Pacific
1976 Australia Vern Schuppan Hong Kong Theodore Racing Ralt RT1-Ford Formula Pacific
1977 Italy Riccardo Patrese Hong Kong Bob Harper Racing Chevron B40-Ford Formula Pacific
1978 Italy Riccardo Patrese Hong Kong Bob Harper Racing Chevron B42-Ford Formula Pacific
1979 United Kingdom Geoff Lees Hong Kong Theodore Racing Ralt RT1-Ford Formula Pacific
1980 United Kingdom Geoff Lees Hong Kong Theodore Racing Ralt RT1-Ford Formula Pacific
1981 United States Bob Earl Hayashi 200P-Toyota Formula Pacific
1982 Brazil Roberto Moreno Ralt RT4-Ford Formula Pacific
Year F3 GP Winner Entrant Chassis – Engine Driver's F3 Report
1983 Brazil Ayrton Senna Hong Kong Theodore Racing Ralt RT3-Toyota United Kingdom BF3 Report
1984 Denmark John Nielsen West Germany Volkswagen Factory Racing Team Ralt RT3-Volkswagen West Germany GF3 Report
1985 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin Hong Kong Theodore Racing Ralt RT30-Volkswagen United Kingdom BF3 Report
1986 United Kingdom Andy Wallace United Kingdom Madgwick Motorsport Reynard 863-Volkswagen United Kingdom BF3 Report
1987 United Kingdom Martin Donnelly United Kingdom [Intersport] Ralt RT31-Toyota United Kingdom BF3 Report
1988 Italy Enrico Bertaggia Italy Forti Corse Dallara 388-Alfa Romeo Italy IF3 Report
1989 Australia David Brabham United Kingdom Bowman Racing Ralt RT33-Volkswagen/Spiess United Kingdom BF3 Report
1990 West Germany Michael Schumacher West Germany Weber-Trella Stuttgart Racing Reynard 903-Volkswagen/Spiess West Germany GF3 Report
1991 United Kingdom David Coulthard United Kingdom Paul Stewart Racing Ralt RT35-Honda/Mugen United Kingdom BF3 Report
1992 Sweden Rickard Rydell Japan Team TOM'S TOM'S 032F-Toyota Japan JF3 Report
1993 Germany Jörg Müller Austria RSM Marko Dallara 393-Fiat/Novamotor Germany GF3 Report
1994 Germany Sascha Maassen West Germany Weber-Trella Stuttgart Racing Dallara F394-Opel/Spiess Germany GF3 Report
1995 Germany Ralf Schumacher West Germany Weber-Trella Stuttgart Racing Dallara F394-Opel/Spiess Germany GF3 Report
1996 Republic of Ireland Ralph Firman United Kingdom Paul Stewart Racing Dallara F396-Honda/Mugen-NBE United Kingdom BF3 Report
1997 France Soheil Ayari France Graff Racing Dallara F396-Opel/Spiess Formula 3000 Report
1998 United Kingdom Peter Dumbreck Japan Team TOM'S Dallara F398-Toyota/TOM'S Japan JF3 Report
1999 United Kingdom Darren Manning Japan Team TOM'S Dallara F399-Toyota/TOM'S Japan JF3 Report
2000 Macau André Couto Germany Bertram Schäfer Racing Dallara F399-Opel/Spiess Formula 3000 Report
2001 Japan Takuma Sato United Kingdom Carlin Motorsport Dallara F301-Honda/Mugen-NBE United Kingdom BF3 Report
2002 France Tristan Gommendy France ASM Dallara F302-Renault/Sodemo France FF3 Report
2003 France Nicolas Lapierre France Signature Plus Dallara F302-Renault/Sodemo European Union F3E Report
2004 France Alexandre Prémat France ASM Dallara F304-Mercedes/HWA European Union F3E Report
2005 Brazil Lucas di Grassi United Kingdom Manor Motorsport Dallara F304-Mercedes/HWA European Union F3E Report
2006 United Kingdom Mike Conway United Kingdom Räikkönen Robertson Racing Dallara F306-Mercedes/HWA United Kingdom BF3 Report
2007 United Kingdom Oliver Jarvis Japan Team TOM'S Dallara F307-Toyota/TOM'S Japan JF3 Report
2008 Japan Keisuke Kunimoto Japan Team TOM'S Dallara F308-Toyota/TOM'S Japan JF3 Report
2009 Italy Edoardo Mortara France Signature Plus Dallara F308-Volkswagen GP2 Series Report
2010 Italy Edoardo Mortara France Signature Plus Dallara F308-Volkswagen European Union F3E Report
2011 Spain Daniel Juncadella Italy Prema Powerteam Dallara F308-Mercedes/HWA European Union F3E Report
2012 Portugal António Félix da Costa United Kingdom Carlin Dallara F312-Volkswagen GP3 Series Report
2013 United Kingdom Alex Lynn Italy Prema Powerteam Dallara F312-Mercedes European Union F3E Report

Winners – Touring Car Winners[edit]

Year Touring Car Winner[note 1] Car Report
1957
to
1962
unknown
1963 HKG Albert Poon Lotus Cortina
1964 West Germany Eugen Böhringer Mercedes-Benz 300SE
1965 United States Grant Wolfkill Austin Cooper S
United States George Baker Jaguar Mark 2
1966  ??  ??
1967 Hong Kong Albert Poon Alfa Romeo GTA
1968 HKG Peter Chow
1969 West Germany Erich Waxenberger
Hong Kong Albert Poon
Mercedes-Benz 300SEL 6.3
1970 Singapore Anne Wong Mini Cooper
1971 West Germany Dieter Glemser Ford Capri 2600RS
1972 Hong Kong John MacDonald Mini Cooper
1973 Hong Kong Peter Chow Toyota Celica
1974 Japan Nobuhide Tachi Toyota Celica
1975 Japan Nobuhide Tachi Toyota Celica
1976 Hong Kong Herb Adamczyk Porsche 911 Carrera RS
1977 Hong Kong Peter Chow Toyota Celica
1978 Hong Kong Peter Chow Toyota Celica
1979 Hong Kong Herb Adamczyk Porsche 911 Carrera RSR
1980 West Germany Hans-Joachim Stuck BMW 320i
1981 West Germany Manfred Winkelhock BMW 320i
1982 West Germany Helmut Greiner Porsche 935
1983 West Germany Hans-Joachim Stuck BMW 635 CSI
1984 United Kingdom Tom Walkinshaw Jaguar XJS
1985 Italy Gianfranco Brancatelli Volvo 240 Turbo
1986 Venezuela Johnny Cecotto Volvo 240 Turbo
1987 Italy Roberto Ravaglia BMW M3
1988 West Germany Altfrid Heger BMW M3
1989 United Kingdom Tim Harvey Ford Sierra RS500
1990 Japan Masahiro Hasemi Nissan Skyline GT-R
1991 Italy Emanuele Pirro BMW M3 Evolution
1992 Italy Emanuele Pirro BMW M3 Evolution
1993 Hong Kong Charles Kwan BMW M3 Evolution
1994 Germany Joachim Winkelhock BMW 318is
1995 United Kingdom Kelvin Burt Toyota Corona EXIV
1996 Germany Frank Biela Audi A4 Quattro
1997 United Kingdom Steve Soper BMW 320i
1998 Germany Joachim Winkelhock BMW 320i
1999 Germany Michael Bartels Audi A4 Quattro
2000 Netherlands Patrick Huisman BMW 320i
2001 Netherlands Duncan Huisman BMW 320i
2002 Netherlands Duncan Huisman BMW 320i
2003 Netherlands Duncan Huisman BMW 320i
2004 Germany Jörg Müller BMW 320i
2005 Brazil Augusto Farfus Alfa Romeo 156 Report
Netherlands Duncan Huisman BMW 320i
2006 United Kingdom Andy Priaulx BMW 320si Report
Germany Jörg Müller BMW 320si
2007 Switzerland Alain Menu Chevrolet Lacetti Report
United Kingdom Andy Priaulx BMW 320si
2008 Switzerland Alain Menu Chevrolet Lacetti Report
United Kingdom Robert Huff Chevrolet Lacetti
2009 United Kingdom Robert Huff Chevrolet Cruze LT Report
Brazil Augusto Farfus BMW 320si
2010 United Kingdom Robert Huff Chevrolet Cruze LT Report
Hungary Norbert Michelisz SEAT León TDI
2011 United Kingdom Robert Huff Chevrolet Cruze 1.6T Report
United Kingdom Robert Huff Chevrolet Cruze 1.6T
2012 France Yvan Muller Chevrolet Cruze 1.6T Report
Switzerland Alain Menu Chevrolet Cruze 1.6T
2013 France Yvan Muller Chevrolet Cruze 1.6T Report
United Kingdom Robert Huff SEAT León WTCC

Winners – Motorcycles[edit]

Solo Motorcycles
Year Motorcycle GP Winner Bike Report
1967 Japan Hiroshi Hasegawa Yamaha RD56
1968 Japan Hiroshi Hasegawa Yamaha 250
1969 Hong Kong John MacDonald Yamaha
1970 Indonesia Benny Hidajat Yamaha YSI
1971 Japan Akiyasu Motohashi Yamaha
1972 Japan Ikujiro Takai Yamaha TR3
1973 Japan Ken Araoka Suzuki RG500
1974 Japan Hiroyuki Kawasaki Yamaha
1975 Japan Hideo Kanaya Yamaha
1976 United Kingdom Chas Mortimer Yamaha
1977 United Kingdom Mick Grant Kawasaki KR750
1978 Japan Sadao Asami Yamaha TZ750
1979 Japan Sadao Asami Yamaha TZ750
1980 Japan Sadao Asami Yamaha TZ750
1981 United Kingdom Ron Haslam Honda RS1123
1982 United Kingdom Ron Haslam Honda RS1123
1983 United Kingdom Ron Haslam Honda NS500
1984 United Kingdom Mick Grant Suzuki RGB500
1985 United Kingdom Ron Haslam Honda RS500
1986 United Kingdom Ron Haslam Elf Honda 500
1987 United Kingdom Ron Haslam ROC Elf Honda 4
1988 United States Kevin Schwantz Suzuki RGV500
1989 United Kingdom Robert Dunlop Honda RC30
Year Motorcycle GP Winner Bike Report
1990 United Kingdom Steve Hislop Honda RC30
1991 Belgium Didier de Radiguès Suzuki RGV500
1992 United Kingdom Carl Fogarty Harris Yamaha 500
1993 United Kingdom Steve Hislop ROC Yamaha 500
1994 United Kingdom Steve Hislop Harris Yamaha 500
1995 United Kingdom Mike Edwards ROC Yamaha 500
1996 United Kingdom Phillip McCallen Yamaha YZR500
1997 Switzerland Andreas Hofmann Kawasaki Ninja ZX-7R
1998 United Kingdom Michael Rutter Honda RVF750 RC45
1999 United Kingdom David Jefferies Yamaha YZF-R1
2000 United Kingdom Michael Rutter Yamaha YZF-R1
2001 United Kingdom John McGuinness Honda CBR954RR
2002 United Kingdom Michael Rutter Ducati 998
2003 United Kingdom Michael Rutter Ducati 998
2004 United Kingdom Michael Rutter Honda CBR1000RR
2005 United Kingdom Michael Rutter Honda CBR1000RR
2006 United Kingdom Steve Plater Yamaha YZF-R1
2007 United Kingdom Steve Plater Yamaha YZF-R1
2008 United Kingdom Stuart Easton Honda CBR1000RR
2009 United Kingdom Stuart Easton Honda CBR1000RR
2010 United Kingdom Stuart Easton Kawasaki Ninja ZX-10R
2011 United Kingdom Michael Rutter Ducati 1098
2012 United Kingdom Michael Rutter Honda CBR1000RR
2013 United Kingdom Ian Hutchinson Yamaha YZF-R1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Takuma Sato's demonstration of a hot lap around the Guia Circuit, Macau Grand Prix Committee official website
  2. ^ "Fernando Macedo Pinto, one of the founders of the Macau Grand Prix" (in Portuguese). Blog Macau Antigo. Retrieved 2010-10-20. 
  3. ^ Smith, Roy (2010). Alpine & Renault: The Sports Prototypes, Volume 1, 1963–1969. Veloce Publishing Limited. pp. 108–110. ISBN 978-1-84584-191-1. 
  4. ^ Smith, Roy (2010). Alpine & Renault: The Sports Prototypes, Volume 1, 1963–1969. Dorchester, Dorset, England: Veloce Publishing Limited. p. 108. ISBN 978-1-84584-191-1. 
  5. ^ "Lewis Hamilton column: Racing has become more strategic" (in English). 
  6. ^ After moving the start line back
  7. ^ Officially known as CTM Cup
  8. ^ For Macanese and Hong Kong professional drivers, previously two separate races each different nationalities.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Prior to 1972, production car race

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°11′50″N 113°33′10″E / 22.19722°N 113.55278°E / 22.19722; 113.55278