Macau International Airport

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Macau International Airport
Aeroporto Internacional de Macau
澳門國際機場
Oumùhn Gwokjai Gēichèuhng
MacauInternationalAirportLogo.svg
Macau International Airport aerial view.png
IATA: MFMICAO: VMMC
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Government of Macau
Operator Sociedade do Aeroporto Internacional de Macau S.A.R.L.
Serves Macau
Location Taipa, Macau
Hub for Air Macau
Elevation AMSL 6 m / 20 ft
Coordinates 22°08′58″N 113°35′29″E / 22.14944°N 113.59139°E / 22.14944; 113.59139Coordinates: 22°08′58″N 113°35′29″E / 22.14944°N 113.59139°E / 22.14944; 113.59139
Website macau-airport.com
Map
MFM/VMMC is located in Macau
MFM/VMMC
MFM/VMMC
Location in Macau
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
16/34 3,420 11,220 Concrete
Sources: airport website[1] and DAFIF[2][3]
Macau International Airport
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 澳門國際機場
Simplified Chinese 澳门国际机场
Portuguese name
Portuguese Aeroporto Internacional de Macau

Macau International Airport (IATA: MFMICAO: VMMC), is an airport in the special administrative region of Macau, China, situated at the eastern end of Taipa island and neighbouring waters which opened for commercial operations in November 1995. Since then the airport has been a common transfer point for people traveling between China and Taiwan, as well as a passenger hub for destinations in mainland China and Southeast Asia. During 2006, the airport handled 5 million passengers and 220,000 tonnes of cargo.[4]

As in Hong Kong, Macau has its own immigration policies and is a separate customs territory from mainland China. All travellers, including those to mainland China and Hong Kong need to go through the immigration and customs inspections of international flights.

History[edit]

The airport was opened in November 1995, during Portuguese rule. Before then the territory only had 2 temporary airports for small aeroplanes, in addition to several permanent heliports. Cathay Pacific operated seaplane service between Hong Kong and Macau in the late 1940s. The only air services Macau had in the 1990s were helicopter services operated by East Asia Airlines to Hong Kong.

Former air facilities in Macau:

  • Portuguese Naval Aviation seaplane base on Taipa Island 1927–1933; 1937–1940
  • Portuguese Naval Aviation seaplane base in the Outer Harbour – southeast side of the mainland 1940–1942
  • Temporary airstrip on Coloane
  • Hong Kong-Macau Ferry Pier, Macau heliport

Facilities[edit]

The airport's runway was built on a strip of reclaimed land in the sea, adjacent to Taipa Island, where the main terminal and air traffic control facilities are located. The runway is connected to the apron by two causeways. Runway 34 is ILS CAT II equipped.

The airport's designed capacity is 6,000,000 passengers per year, with processing capacity of up to 2,000 passengers per hour. The airport does not have a night curfew. There are 24 parking spaces for aircraft in the apron, with 4 jetways. There are 10 gates.

Despite its small physical size, the airport is capable of handling Boeing 747s and Antonov 124s, which forms a vital freight link between local manufacturers and overseas markets. Its catering facility can produce up to 10,000 meals per day.

Navigational and radio aids are located at either end of the runway.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur
AirAsia Zest Manila
Air Busan Busan
Air China Wuhan
Air Macau Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Da Nang, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Hefei, Kaohsiung, Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Osaka-Kansai, Quanzhou, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Seoul-Incheon, Taiyuan, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tianjin (begins 6 September 2014),[5] Tokyo-Narita, Wenzhou, Xiamen, Zhengzhou[6]
Cebu Pacific Clark, Manila
China Eastern Airlines Kunming, Shanghai-Hongqiao (begins 26 September 2014),[7] Shanghai-Pudong
Eastar Jet Charter: Jeju
EVA Air Taipei-Taoyuan, Kaohsiung, Taichung
Jetstar Pacific Airlines Da Nang, Hanoi[8]
Jin Air Seoul-Incheon
Juneyao Airlines Shanghai-Pudong
Philippine Airlines Manila
R Airlines Charter: Bangkok-Don Mueang
Shenzhen Airlines Wuxi
Sky Wings Asia Airlines Charter: Siem Reap
Spring Airlines Shanghai-Pudong
Thai AirAsia Bangkok-Don Mueang, Chiang Mai
Thai Smile Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Phuket
Tigerair Singapore
TransAsia Airways Kaohsiung, Taichung, Taipei-Taoyuan
Xiamen Airlines Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Quanzhou, Xiamen

Other tenants[edit]

There is limited retail shops at the airport as the airport mainly services China and some destinations in Southeast Asia:

Firefighting services[edit]

Macau Airport has one Multi-Purpose Rescue and Fire Boat (Flor de Lotus built by SEN Engenharia e Arquitectura Naval of Portugal) owned and operated by Companhia do Aeroporto de Macau. The fire boat is docked at the fire station at C1 taxiway. It has two fire nozzles and additional liferafts in the rear.

There are two airport fire and rescue stations, one at the terminal end of taxiway H and the other at the runway end of taxiway C1). The fire services is provided by Corpo de Bombeiros de Macau. The airport fire service has 1 Oshkosh Corporation TI 3000 airport tenders and five new Rosenbauer Panther RBM 36.705 6x6 ARFF with telesquirt.

Ground transportation[edit]

The airport is connected by public transit bus routes, taxis, private cars and regional coach services.

The airport has a parking areas on either side of the terminal building.

Air–sea link[edit]

For transfer passenger to Mainland China or Hong Kong a "two customs, one checkpoint" service is provided. Passengers can use a bus shuttle directly from the airport to the New Macau Ferry Terminal or the Taipa Temporary Ferry Terminal without passing Macau immigration.

Bus[edit]

Towards Macau Peninsula, Taipa, Cotai and Coloane

  • Transmac: Route 26 and AP1
  • T.C.M.: Route N2
  • Reolian :Route 36, MT1, and MT2

Cross-Border Coach[edit]

Cross-Border Coach connects Macau International Airport with mainland locations like Huadao, Guangzhou, Panyu, Dongguan, Gongbei Border Gate and Hengqin Border. The "two customs, once checkpoint" service is also available to the Hengqin Border.

Airport hotel[edit]

Directly opposite the airport departure lounge is the Golden Crown Airport Hotel.

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Macau International Airport, official site
  2. ^ Airport information for VMMC at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  3. ^ Airport information for MFM at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
  4. ^ Macau 2007 Yearbook. Government Information Bureau of the Macau SAR. 2007. ISBN 978-99937-56-09-5. 
  5. ^ "Air Macau Adds Tianjin Service from Sep 2014". Airline Route. 25 July 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  6. ^ Air Macau start service to Zhengzhou
  7. ^ China Eastern Airlines begin service to Shanghai Hongqiao from September 2014
  8. ^ "Jetstar Pacific to Start Vietnam – Macau Service from late-March 2014". Airline Route. 17 March 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2014. 

External links[edit]