Macbeth (Bloch)

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Macbeth is an opera in three acts, with music by Ernest Bloch to a libretto by Edmond Fleg, after the eponymous play of William Shakespeare. Bloch composed the opera between 1904 and 1906, but it did not receive its first performance until 30 November 1910 by the Opéra-Comique in Paris with Henri Albers in the title role. Alex Cohen has written of quarrels within the cast that contributed to the opera's poorly received premiere.

Performance history[edit]

After the premiere, the opera was performed 15 times through January 1911, but then was withdrawn. [1] Romain Rolland had studied the score and communicated his admiration to Bloch in June 1911.[2]

Guido Gatti has compared elements of Bloch's opera to the music of Modest Mussorgsky.[3] He has also written of the different treatments of the Macbeth story by Giuseppe Verdi and Bloch in their respective operas on the subject, with Verdi being more "realistic" and Bloch being more in keeping with the symbolist era in art at his time.[4]

After the premiere production, the opera was staged in 1938 in Naples, but was then banned on orders of the Fascist government. Subsequently, the opera was produced in Rome in 1953, and in Trieste.[5]

The opera was staged, in English, at the Juilliard School of Music in New York under the direction of John Houseman, in May 1973. P. H. Adler conducted; singers included L. Carlson, H. Barnsley, R. Termine, F. Burchinal, M. Li-Paz and W. White. [6]

The University College Opera of University College, London, performed the English language premiere of Macbeth in the UK in March 2009.[7]

Roles[edit]

Role Type Character Voice type
Major Macbeth Baritone
Major Lady Macbeth Dramatic Soprano/ Mezzo-Soprano
Minor 1st Witch Soprano
Minor 2nd Witch Mezzo-Soprano
Minor 3rd Witch Contralto
Minor Banquo Low Tenor
Minor Macduff Lyric Bass
Minor Servant Tenor
Minor Duncan Tenor
Minor Porter Baritone
Minor Lennox Low Tenor
Minor Malcolm Tenor
Minor Old man Bass
Minor Murderer bass
Minor Lady Macduff Soprano
Minor Son of Macduff Mezzo-Soprano
Minor Third apparition Contralto
Bit First apparition Bass
mute Fleance
mute Second Murderer
mute Attendant
mute Eight Kings in Macbeth's vision
Chorus Lords, ladies (several solo exclamations)
soldiers, peasants, ghosts.
various

Synopsis[edit]

The story is essentially that of the Shakespeare play, with the five acts compressed to three. The opera contains seven tableaux, with the prelude comprising the first tableau, and each of the three acts containing two tableaux.

Recordings[edit]

Portions of the opera have been recorded with Heinz Rehfuss and Lucienne Devallier, with Ernest Ansermet conducting, and in another recording, with Inge Borkh. More recently, complete recordings conducted by Alexander Rumpf and Friedemann Layer have been produced.[8]

  • Musicales Actes Sud OMA34100: Jean-Philippe Lafont, Markella Hatzian, Jean-Philippe Marlière, Jacque Trussel, Christer Bladin, Philippe Georges, Marcel Vanaud, Sophie Fournier, Hanna Schaer, Ariane Stamboulides, Wojtek Smilek, Annie Varville, Franck Bard, Ferijs Millers, Andris Gailis; Orchestre Philharmonique de Montpellier Languedoc-Roussillon; Choeur de la Radio lettone; Friedemann Layer, conductor[8]

Complete opera edition La Coruna 1997 Portions of the opera sono stati recorded with Heinz Rehfuss and Lucienne Devallier, with Ernest Ansermet conducting, Conducted by Alexander Rumpf and Friedemann Layer Maison de La Lirique

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cohen, Alex, "Ernest Bloch's Macbeth" (April 1938). Music & Letters, 19 (2): pp. 143-148.
  2. ^ Brody, Elaine (January 1982). "Romain Rolland and Ernest Bloch". The Musical Quarterly 68 (1): 60–79. doi:10.1093/mq/lxviii.1.60. 
  3. ^ Gatti, Guido M.; Translated by Theodore Baker (January 1921). "Ernest Bloch". The Musical Quarterly VII (1): 20–38. doi:10.1093/mq/VII.1.20. 
  4. ^ Gatti, Guido M.; Translated by Theodore Baker (January 1926). "Two Macbeths: Verdi-Bloch". The Musical Quarterly XII (1): 22–31. doi:10.1093/mq/xii.1.22. Retrieved 22 April 2011. 
  5. ^ Chapman, Ernest, "Ernest Bloch at 75" (Spring 1955). Tempo (New Ser.), 35: pp. 6-9, 11-12.
  6. ^ Schonberg, Harold C. (11 May 1973). "Macbeth, Bloch's 1909 Opera, Has a Premiere Here". The New York Times. 
  7. ^ UCL News
  8. ^ a b Fregosi, William (2001). "Macbeth. Ernest Bloch". The Opera Quarterly 17 (2): 340–342. doi:10.1093/oq/17.2.340. Retrieved 26 September 2007. 

External links[edit]

  • Martin, Nicholas Ivor (2013). The Opera Manual. Lanham: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810888692.