Maccabi Netanya F.C.
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|Full name||Maccabi Netanya Football Club|
|Founded||1934; 80 years ago|
|Ground||Netanya Stadium, Netanya|
|League||Israeli Premier League|
|2013–14||1st Promotion to Israeli Premier League|
Maccabi Netanya F.C. (Hebrew: מועדון כדורגל מכבי נתניה, Moadon Kaduregel Maccabi Netanya) is an Israeli football club based in Netanya. Established in 1934, the club was a founding member of the Israeli League in 1949. After winning their first championship in 1971, the club's golden period lasted until the late 1980s, including three more league titles and a double in 1978.
The club was established in the year 1934 as a Mandatory Palestinian Club and initially played in green and white stripes. The club's first season was in 1935-36 when they played in Liga Gimel which back then was the third tier in Israeli football. After three seasons in Liga Gimel the club won promotion to Liga Bet (second tier), and in the 1941-42 season they won Liga Bet to secure promotion to the top division which back then was known as the Palestine League.
They became founder members of the Israeli League in 1949, and in 1954 reached the State Cup final for the first time, losing 4–0 to Maccabi Tel Aviv. In 1961–62 the club finished bottom of Liga Leumit (then the top division) and were relegated to Liga Alef. They returned to the top division in 1964.
After a third-placed finish in 1968–69, the 1970–71 season saw Netanya win their first title by a margin of eleven points, back then the largest in Israeli football history. They also reached the State Cup final, but lost 2–1 to Maccabi Tel Aviv. In 1972–73 Neyanya finished thirteenth in Liga Leumit, avoiding relegation by only two points. However, the following season they won their second title. In 1975 they changed their kit to play in black and yellow. They won a third title in 1977–78, and completed the double by beating Bnei Yehuda 2–1 in the State Cup final. They also finished as winners of their group in the UEFA Intertoto Cup. A fourth championship was won in 1979–80 by a margin of ten points, whilst their fifth title, in 1982–83 was won by a fourteen point margin. In the same season they won the League Cup, a feat repeated the following year. In 1986–87 and 1988–89 they reached the League Cup final, but lost on both occasions.
In 1994–95 Netanya finished bottom of Liga Leumit and were relegated to Liga Artzit, in the same season the youth team won the youth championship. After winning the league in 1998–99 they returned to the top division. However, they were relegated again in 2003–04 after finishing second from bottom, though they made an immediate return to the top division after finishing as Liga Leumuit runners-up in 2004–05, a season in which they also won the Toto Cup Leumit.
In December 2005 Daniel Jammer, a Jewish German businessman bought the club for a fee of $1,500,000. In 2006–07 the club finished as Premier League runners-up, a feat repeated the following season. In April 2008 Lothar Matthäus was appointed manager. Although the club led the league in the early part of the 2008–09 season, they eventually finished fourth and Matthäus was sacked and replaced by Nati Azaria.
The 2010-11 season saw the club finishing sixth in the top playoff games. The next season Netanya finished in the fourth place when they shared the same amount of points as the runners-up. This was quite an achievement considering the fact that the club didn't have a stable budget behind them or an owner to invest in the club. They were relegated again in 2012-13 after finishing second from bottom.
In August 2013 Eli Segav and Yossi Maor took over as the new owners of the club. Netanya made an immediate return to the top division after finishing as the champions of Liga Leumuit in the 2013-14 season, a season in which they also reached the State Cup final, losing 1–0 to Ironi Kiryat Shmona in front of more than 22,000 supporters of Netanya.
There is a strong rivalry between Netanya and Beitar Nes Tubruk Netanya. Originally, there were hopes of the two clubs uniting so as not to split allegiances of kids in the city. The merger never came to fruition and since, the two clubs have been at each other's throats both claiming that the other has forced a child not to switch clubs, which is illegal in Israel. On one occasion when two Tubruk players came to shake hands with Netanya players after a derby match in Liga Leumit LeNoar, they were subsequently left out of the team for the club's next league match . The senior derby took place when both clubs played in the second tier, in the 1962-63 season and in the 1963-64 season. The 1986–87 season was the only season the two teams played in the top division at the same time. The first game took place in Tubruk Stadium with 9,000 people in attendance, Yigal Menahem scored the only goal for Maccabi.
There's also a strong rivalry between Netanya and Hapoel Kfar Saba, games between the two are often called "Derby HaSharon" because the two clubs are known to be the major teams from the Sharon plain. The rivalry was at its peak in the 1981–82 season which saw the two clubs going head to head for the championship with Netanya losing the title in the final game of the season.
Since the late 1990s, the strongest rivalry has probably been Hapoel Beer Sheva.
The current Maccabi Netanya's organization fans is Diamonds Army, established in 2009 by 5 fans of the group. The organization supports the group in encouraging and preparing backdrops games.
Maccabi Netanya audience is the audience who most frequently named public value of the first round of the Premier League - Plan for kicking the violence and racism of the lots. The organization fans have a 3 wins title seasons 2009/2010, 2011/2012 and 2012/2013.
The club plays its home matches at the 13,800-capacity Netanya Stadium, which was opened in October 2012. The club former stadium was the 7,500-capacity Sar-Tov Stadium, which was commonly known as HaKufsa (lit. The Box). It was named after Yosef Sar-Tov, who was amongst the club's founders, and was its first chairman.
- As of 27 January 2014
Youth team 2014-15
- Second Division
- State Cup
- Winners (1): 1978
- Runners-up (3): 1954, 1970, 2014
- League Cup
- Winners (2): 1982–83, 1983–84
- Toto Cup
- Runners-up (2): 1986-87, 1988–89
- Toto Cup Leumit
- Winners (1): 2004–05
- Israeli Supercup
- Winners (5): 1971, 1974, 1978, 1980, 1983
- Nesher Cup
- Winners (1): 1941
- Netanya Cup
- Winners (1): 1953
- First Goal in the Top Division: Yitzhak Casspi, 1948
- Record Win: 12–2 v Hapoel Givat Haim, 1963
- Record Defeat: 1–10 v Maccabi Petah Tikva, 25.6.1949
- Record home Attendance: 13,800 v Hapoel Tel Aviv in the opening game of the new Netanya Stadium, 4.11.2012
- Most Appearances: Haim Bar with 417
- All Time Scorer: Mordechai Spiegler with 274 goals (in all competitions)
- Most League Goals in a Season: 82, 1966–68
- Most League Goals in a Season by a Player: 38 goals by Mordechai Spiegler, Liga Leumit, 1966–68
- Most Goals in European competitions by a Player: 21 goals by David Lavi (scored in UEFA Intertoto Cup between 1978-1984)
- Most Points in a Season: 61 – 30 games, 1982–83
- Record signing - $400,000 Ferenc Hamori (1999),Itay Shechter (2006)
- Record sale - $1,000,000 Orel Dgani (2011), Hen Ezra (2012)
- First Appearance in a European Competition: UEFA Intertoto Cup - vs. FK Sloboda Tuzla, 24 June 1978
- Biggest Win in a European Competition: UEFA Intertoto Cup - vs. IF Elfsborg (7:1), 1 July 1978
- Biggest Defeat in a European Competition: UEFA Intertoto Cup - vs. FC Admira Wacker (0:6), 21 July 1984 & UEFA Europa League - vs. Galatasaray (0:6), 6 August 2009
- Managers marked in bold have won an honour with the club.
- Israel – List of Cup Finals RSSSF
- Israel – List of Final Tables RSSSF
- Club website (Hebrew)