Macchia Valfortore

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Macchia Valfortore
Comune
Comune di Macchia Valfortore
Coat of arms of Macchia Valfortore
Coat of arms
Macchia Valfortore is located in Italy
Macchia Valfortore
Macchia Valfortore
Location of Macchia Valfortore in Italy
Coordinates: 41°36′N 14°55′E / 41.600°N 14.917°E / 41.600; 14.917Coordinates: 41°36′N 14°55′E / 41.600°N 14.917°E / 41.600; 14.917
Country Italy
Region Molise
Province Campobasso (CB)
Government
 • Mayor Antonio Carozza (since May 2004)
Area
 • Total 25 km2 (10 sq mi)
Elevation 477 m (1,565 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 757
 • Density 30/km2 (78/sq mi)
Demonym Macchiaroli
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 86040
Dialing code 0874
Patron saint St. Nicholas
Saint day December 6

Macchia Valfortore is a town and comune in the Province of Campobasso, Molise, Italy.

History[edit]

First evidence of town’s origins date back centuries. 216 B.C. powerful Roman army under Varro, the Roman general famous for losing to Hannibal, marched to fight the Carthaginians at Canne and camped in the city called Maccla, early Macchia. Ancient Roman equipment was found scattered throughout the area centuries later. In 476 AD with the Romans weakening, Maccla was defeated by the Goths who then were defeated by the Longoboards Vandals who vandalized the city. Longoboards ruled from 568 to 982 then were defeated by the Bizantini – Catapani.

On September 21, 1701, Gaetano Giacomo Gambacorta, style Prince of Macchia, started a conspiracy (Macchia Conspiracy, against the Spanish viceroy in Naples. The revolt was quickly put down and Gaetano fled to Vienna, Austria where he died on January 27, 1703. In 1800 Joseph Bonaparte, King of Naples and Napoleon’s brother, divided Naples into new administrative orders. This created the province of Campobasso which Macchia is located to this day. The second name Valfortore was added in the 19th century.

What to See[edit]

  • Church of San Nicola: 16th century church with 12 busts of Saints made of wood created by Giacomo Colombus of Naples.
  • Cinelli Palace
  • Monument to the Fallen
  • Monument of Padre Rio