Macclesfield (UK Parliament constituency)

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Macclesfield
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Macclesfield in Cheshire.
Outline map
Location of Cheshire within England.
County Cheshire
Electorate 73,613 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Macclesfield, Bollington and Prestbury
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament David Rutley (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from East Cheshire
18321885
Number of members Two
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced by East Cheshire
Created from Cheshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Macclesfield is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by David Rutley, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1983-1997: The Borough of Macclesfield wards of Alderley Edge, Bollington Central, Bollington East, Bollington West, Disley, Gawsworth, Henbury, Macclesfield Central, Macclesfield East, Macclesfield North East, Macclesfield North West, Macclesfield South, Macclesfield West, Nether Alderley, Poynton Central, Poynton East, Poynton West, Prestbury, Rainow, and Sutton.

1997-2010: The Borough of Macclesfield wards of Bollington Central, Bollington East, Bollington West, Disley, Gawsworth, Henbury, Macclesfield Central, Macclesfield East, Macclesfield North East, Macclesfield North West, Macclesfield South, Macclesfield West, Poynton Central, Poynton East, Poynton West, Prestbury, Rainow, and Sutton.

2010-present: The Borough of Macclesfield wards of Bollington Central, Bollington East, Bollington West, Disley and Lyme Handley, Gawsworth, Henbury, Macclesfield Bollinbrook, Macclesfield Broken Cross, Macclesfield Central, Macclesfield East, Macclesfield Hurdsfield, Macclesfield Ivy, Macclesfield Ryles, Macclesfield South, Macclesfield Tytherington, Macclesfield West, Poynton Central, Poynton East, Poynton West, Prestbury, Rainow, and Sutton.

NB: The Borough of Macclesfield and its constituent wards were abolished on 1 April 2009, when they became part of the new unitary authority of Cheshire East.

The constituency covers the north-eastern part of the Cheshire East unitary authority, including the town of Macclesfield itself and the area surrounding it, such as Bollington and Prestbury, as well as Disley and Poynton. Much of the constituency is commuter territory for Manchester.[2]

History[edit]

Macclesfield was first represented in Parliament after the Reform Act of 1832, from when it had two members of Parliament. This situation lasted until 1880, when after problems at the general election that year it was decided to declare the election void and suspend the writ of election (so no by-election could take place).

In September 1880 a Royal Commission was appointed to investigate further. A report of March 1881 confirmed the allegations of corruption. As a result the borough constituency was disenfranchised for corruption. The disenfranchisement took effect on 25 June 1885, when the town was transferred to the East Cheshire constituency.

However under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 the Macclesfield constituency was recreated with extended boundaries, as a county division, later in 1885. From the 1885 general election it has elected one MP.

Macclesfield has for some time been considered to be a safe seat for the Conservative Party, having been held by them since the 1918 general election.

Long-serving member (1971–2010)

Sir Nicholas Winterton who had been the Conservative MP, was first elected at a by-election in 1971 and held the seat until his retirement as an MP on the dissolution of the House of Commons in April 2010. Both Sir Nicholas and his wife Ann, Conservative MP for Congleton from 1983 to 2010, announced that they would not be candidates at the general election. On 17 October 2009 David Rutley was selected as the Conservative candidate by way of an open primary organised by the party and on 6 May 2010 was elected MP with an increased majority.[3]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1832–1885: Macclesfield Parliamentary Borough[edit]

From 1832 until 1880, Macclesfield was represented by two members of parliament.

Election 1st Member[4] 1st Party 2nd Member[4] 2nd Party
1832 John Brocklehurst Liberal John Ryle Conservative
1837 Thomas Grimsditch Conservative
1847 John Williams Conservative
1852 Edward Christopher Egerton Conservative
1868 William Coare Brocklehurst Liberal David Chadwick Liberal
1880 writ suspended

MPs since 1885: Macclesfield county constituency[edit]

  • The Macclesfield constituency was recreated in 1885, and subsequently has elected one MP only.
Election Member[4] Party
1885 William Coare Brocklehurst Liberal
1886 William Bromley-Davenport Conservative
1906 William Brocklehurst Brocklehurst Liberal
1918 John Rumney Remer Coalition Conservative
1939 by-election W. Garfield Weston Conservative
1945 Arthur Vere Harvey Conservative
1971 by-election Nicholas Winterton Conservative
2010 David Rutley Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Green Joan Plimmer
Labour Tim Roca
Conservative David Rutley
General Election 2010: Macclesfield[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Rutley 23,503 47.0 −2.7
Liberal Democrat Roger Barlow 11,544 23.1 +3.5
Labour Adrian Heald 10,164 20.3 −8.7
Independent Brendan Murphy 2,590 5.2 +5.2
UKIP Jacqueline Smith 1,418 2.8 +2.8
Green John Knight 840 1.7 +1.7
Majority 11,959 23.9
Turnout 50,059 68.31 +5.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Winterton 22,628 49.6 +0.7
Labour Stephen Carter 13,227 29.0 −4.1
Liberal Democrat Catherine O'Brien 8,918 19.5 +1.5
Veritas John Scott 848 1.9 +1.9
Majority 9,401 20.6
Turnout 45,621 63.1 +0.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 2001: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Winterton 22,284 48.9 −0.7
Labour Stephen Carter 15,084 33.1 −0.6
Liberal Democrat Michael Flynn 8,217 18.0 +1.3
Majority 7,200 15.8
Turnout 45,585 62.3 -12.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Winterton 26,888 49.6 −8.3
Labour Ms. Janet A. Jackson 18,234 33.6 +11.9
Liberal Democrat Michael Flynn 9,075 16.7 −3.3
Majority 8,654 16.0
Turnout 54,197 75.2
Conservative hold Swing −8.6
General Election 1992: Macclesfield[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Winterton 36,447 57.9 +1.5
Labour Ms. Martina C. Longworth 13,680 21.7 +2.1
Liberal Democrat Dr. Paul C.W. Beatty 12,600 20.0 −4.0
Natural Law Mrs Cheryl A. Penn 268 0.4 +0.4
Majority 22,767 36.1 +3.7
Turnout 62,995 82.3 +4.9
Conservative hold Swing −0.3

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Winterton 33,208 56.4
Liberal Andrew Bain Haldane 14,116 24.0
Labour Caroline Pinder 11,563 19.6
Majority 19,092 32.4
Turnout 58,887 77.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Winterton 32,538 59.37
Liberal R. Coleman 11,859 21.64
Labour P.B. Kelly 9,923 18.11
Independent M. Reeman 488 0.89
Majority 20,679 37.73
Turnout 75.00
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Winterton 40,116 58.46
Labour R.A. Foster 16,779 24.45
Liberal A.J. Berry 11,726 17.09
Majority 23,337 34.01
Turnout 78.10
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Winterton 31,685 50.26
Labour K.W. Little 18,592 29.49
Liberal A.J. Berry 12,764 12,764 20.25
Majority 13,093 20.77
Turnout 78.65
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Winterton 32,638 48.77
Labour B.H. Silverman 18,352 27.43
Liberal A.J. Berry 15,926 23.80
Majority 14,286 21.35
Turnout 84.19
Conservative hold Swing
Macclesfield by-election, 1971
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Nicholas Winterton 24,933
Labour Diana Jeuda 23,854
Liberal Robert M. Hammond 5,991
Anti-Common Market Party Reginald Simmerson 976
English National Resurgence Robert Goodall 92
Majority 1,079
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Vere Harvey 29,023 52.09
Labour Basil S. Jeuda 18,571 33.33
Liberal Robert M. Hammond 8,124 14.58
Majority 10,452 18.76
Turnout 76.36
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Arthur Vere Harvey 24,736 46.84
Labour Alec George Read 20,533 38.88
Liberal Donald Fletcher Burden 7,545 14.29
Majority 4,203 7.96
Turnout 81.71
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Arthur Vere Harvey 24,824 47.50
Labour Denis W. Coe 18,464 35.33
Liberal Gordon Hewlett-Johnson 8,975 17.17
Majority 6,360 12.17
Turnout 84.06
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Arthur Vere Harvey 28,978 59.59
Labour John F. Bex 19,652 40.41
Majority 9,326 19.18
Turnout 82.57
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Vere Harvey 27,551 60.01
Labour Kenneth Lomas 18,362 39.99
Majority 9,189 20.01
Turnout 80.56
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Vere Harvey 29,434 59.03
Labour Mrs. Agnes E. Taylor 20,428 40.97
Majority 9,006 18.06
Turnout 87.27
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Vere Harvey 25,781 50.93
Labour Fred Blackburn 19,219 37.97
Liberal Clarence Frederick Doncaster 5,621 11.10
Majority 6,562 12.96
Turnout 89.42
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Arthur Vere Harvey 23,495 45.50
Labour Harold Fraser Urquhart 20,442 39.59
Liberal Maj. Edward Anthony Brooke Fletcher 7,702 14.92
Majority 3,053 5.91
Turnout 80.08
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Macclesfield by-election 1939
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Willard Garfield Weston unopposed
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Rumney Remer 24,249 52.53
Labour George Darling 14,761 31.98
Liberal John L. Poole 7,151 15.49
Majority 9,488 20.55
Turnout 78.87
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Macclesfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Rumney Remer 30,796 69.97
Labour D.S. Morton 13,854 31.03
Majority 16,942 37.94
Turnout 81.25
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Macclesfield[7]

Electorate 53,053

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist John Rumney Remer 19,329 41.9
Labour John Williams 13,911 30.2
Liberal John Selwyn Brooke Lloyd 12,891 27.9
Majority 5,418 11.7
Turnout 87.0
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Macclesfield[8]

Electorate 39,962

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist John Rumney Remer 17,171
Labour John Williams 10,187
Liberal Harry Krauss Nield 6,434
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Macclesfield[9]

Electorate 38,982

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist John Rumney Remer 14,744 45.1
Liberal William Tudor Davies 11,259 34.4
Labour Andrew Joseph Penston 6,713 20.5 +0.5
Majority
Turnout 83.9
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1922 : Macclesfield[10]

Electorate 36,577

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist John Rumney Remer 15,825
Liberal Thomas Artemus Jones 10,477
Labour Andrew Joseph Penston 6,584
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918 Macclesfield[11]

Electorate 36,577

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 14,277
Labour William Pimblott 10,253
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election December 1910 Macclesfield[12]

Electorate 9,306

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Brocklehurst Brocklehurst 4,410
Conservative Ben Dent 4,142
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election January 1910 Macclesfield[13]

Electorate 9,306

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Brocklehurst Brocklehurst 4,534 50.8 -2.3
Conservative Sir William Bromley-Davenport 4,384 49.2 +2.3
Majority 150 1.6 -4.6
Turnout 95.8 +3.1
Liberal hold Swing -2.3

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906 Macclesfield[14]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Brocklehurst Brocklehurst 4,251 53.1
Conservative Sir William Bromley-Davenport 3,757 46.9
Majority 494 6.2
Turnout 92.7
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Association of Train Operating Companies – Official Timetable
  3. ^ "David Rutley adopted to succeed Sir Nicholas Winterton in Macclesfield". Conservative Home. 17 October 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ http://www.cheshireeast.gov.uk/council_and_democracy/electoral_services/parliamentary_general_election/macclesfield_constituency.aspx
  6. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  7. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  8. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  9. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  10. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  11. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  12. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  13. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  14. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Coordinates: 53°19′N 2°8′W / 53.317°N 2.133°W / 53.317; -2.133