Macedonian American

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Macedonian Americans)
Jump to: navigation, search
Macedonian American
Македонски Американци
Total population

61,332 [1]

roughly 0.0002% of US population
Regions with significant populations
New York metropolitan area,[2] Metro Detroit, Ohio,[3][4] and other metros in the Northeastern and Upper Midwestern United States
Languages
American English, Macedonian
Religion
Macedonian Orthodox
Related ethnic groups
Macedonians, Macedonian Canadians, Bulgarian Americans

Macedonian Americans (Macedonian: Македонски Американци, Makedonski Amerikanci) are Americans of ethnic Macedonian descent.

History[edit]

Macedonian Patriotic Organization's 5th. convention in 1926.

The first Macedonian American immigrants came from the border regions in the north of what is today Greek Macedonia, primarily the regions near Kastoria (Kostur), Florina (Lerin), and the south-west of the Republic of Macedonia, notably around Bitola.[citation needed] In the first half of 20th century they were considered and identified as Bulgarians or as Macedonian Bulgarians.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11]

It is estimated that around 50,000 Macedonians emigrated to the United States between 1903 and 1906, but the outbreak of the Balkan Wars and World War I curtailed the flow.[citation needed] Around 20,000 remained in the U.S., and the rest returned home. The immigrants were predominantly peasants, with the remainder including craftsmen, workers, and intellectuals. Immigration restarted after the wars; most of the new immigrants were ethnic Macedonians from Greece, many of whom had been expelled from Greek Macedonia in the 1920s. Since the 1920s and 1930s the Macedonian language has been recorded in American censuses.[12][13] Around 50,000-60,000 Macedonians had emigrated to the US by the end of World War II.[citation needed]

Post World War II[edit]

The aftermath of the war led to a fresh round of Macedonian immigration, primarily from Greece, as a consequence of ethnic Macedonians being expelled by the post-war Greek government or otherwise encouraged to leave after the Greek civil war of 1946-49.[citation needed] 70,000 emigrated to Canada, Australia, the U.S., and other European countries.[14]

After Yugoslavia liberalized its emigration policies in 1960, another 40,000 Macedonians emigrated during the period 1960-77. Most have been economic migrants rather than political dissidents. At that time most of the Americans born of Macedonian Bulgarian descent have hardly any knowledge of Bulgaria and increasingly began to identify themselves simply as Macedonians.[15]

Demographics[edit]

Macedonian and American flags on the streets in Garfield, New Jersey on Macedonian Independence Day.

A large proportion of Macedonian Americans live in the New York metropolitan area and the Northeastern United States.[16] Another large cluster of Macedonian Americans lives in the Midwest, particularly Detroit, where roughly 10,000 (nearly 20% of all Macedonian Americans) are reported to be living.[17]

Religion[edit]

Most Macedonian Americans, especially those immigrating to North America in the last half of the 20th century, belong to the Macedonian Orthodox Church, under the American-Canadian Macedonian Orthodox Diocese. Macedonian Americans immigrating before that time were generally affiliated with either the Bulgarian Orthodox Church,[18] the Bulgarian Diocese of the Orthodox Church in America[19] or the Serbian Orthodox Church.

Smaller numbers of Macedonian Americans attend parishes affiliated with the Russian Orthodox Church or the Greek Orthodox Church. Through assimilation or intermarriage, many who remain observant are members of the Catholic Church and various Protestant denominations.[citation needed]

There are about 20 Macedonian Orthodox Churches in the United States, of which all but four are located in the Northeast or Midwest.[20] The oldest parish of the Macedonian Orthodox Church in America is the Macedonian Orthodox Cathedral of the Dormition of the Virgin Mary located in Columbus (Reynoldsburg), Ohio. The parish was organized on September 17, 1958.[21]

Macedonian language in the United States[edit]

Three universities in the United States, the University of Chicago, Arizona State University, and Indiana University, offer Macedonian language courses.[22]

Michigan has more Macedonian language speakers than any other state with 4,425. Five more states, New Jersey, New York, Indiana, Ohio, and Illinois, also have more than 1,000 speakers.[23]

Counties by concentration of Macedonians[edit]

Rank County State  % Macedonian
1 Macomb Michigan 0.4%
2 Bergen New Jersey 0.2%

As of 2000, 0.5% of residents of Hamtramck, Michigan, a city primarily surrounded by Detroit, are of Macedonian ancestry.

See also[edit]

General:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder - Results". Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  2. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2013-03-23. 
  3. ^ "Macedonian Ohioans - Ohio History Central". Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "Macedonian Americans - History, Modern era, The first macedonians in america". Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "Elizabeth Shostak, Macedonian americans". Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  6. ^ Illinois Historical Journal, Vol. 84 (Spring, 1991) The Bulgarian Colony of Southwestern Illinois, 1900-1920, D. E. CASSENS: "Bulgarians who settled in the tri-city area were overwhelmingly male and had come predominately from the Bulgarian-speaking parts of Macedonia".
  7. ^ Emily Greene Balch, Our Slavic fellow citizens, Charities Publication Committee, New York, 1910, p.363: "I hope you are not making any racial distinctions between Bulgarians and Macedonians. I believe the Bulgarians who have come from Macedonia and registered on Ellis Island as Macedonians, which is bound to be confusing and inaccurate, for Macedonians may include Greeks, Vlachs, and even Turks. The distinction between the Bulgarians from Bulgaria and those from Macedonia is purely political".
  8. ^ "Prpic, George. South Slavic immigration in America, Boston: Twayne, 1978, p. 212-222". Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  9. ^ The Australian people: an encyclopedia of the nation, its people, and their origins. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  10. ^ Encyclopedia of Canada's peoples. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  11. ^ The Macedonian Conflict: Ethnic Nationalism in a Transnational World. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  12. ^ IPUMS USA 1920 Census: Instructions to Enumerators
  13. ^ IPUMS USA 1930 Census: Instructions to Enumerators
  14. ^ Macedonians in the USA, Politics. Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups, p. 692, edited by Stephan Thernstrom 1980, Belknap Press of Harvard University, Reproduced 2001 with permission of the publisher.
  15. ^ Macedonians in the USA, Politics. Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups, p. 692, edited by Stephan Thernstrom 1980, Belknap Press of Harvard University, Reproduced 2001 with permission of the publisher.
  16. ^ "Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2011 Supplemental Table 2". U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved 2012-11-06. 
  17. ^ "US Demographic Census". Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  18. ^ "Bulgarian Eastern Orthodox Diocese Parish Directory". Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  19. ^ "The Orthodox Church in America, Bulgarian Diocese Parish Directory". Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  20. ^ "American-Canadian Macedonian Orthodox Eparchy". Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  21. ^ Corporate Records of the Ohio Secretary of State
  22. ^ "Macedonian Language E-Learning Centre". Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  23. ^ MLA Language Map Data Center

External links[edit]