Macedonian general election, 1994

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General elections were held in Macedonia on 16 October 1994 to elect a President and Assembly, with a second round of Assembly elections on 30 October.[1] The presidential election was won by Kiro Gligorov of the Alliance for Macedonia (a coalition of the Social Democratic Union, Liberal Party and the Socialist Party), whilst the parties forming Alliance for Macedonia also won the Assembly elections with 95 of the 120 seats. However, the second round of the Assembly elections were boycotted by VMRO-DPMNE and the Democratic Party, as they claimed there had been irregularities in the first round.[2]

Electoral system[edit]

The 120 members of the Assembly were elected in 120 single-member constituencies. If no candidate received over 50% in the first round, a second round was held and contested by every candidate who received over 7% of the vote in the first round.[3] In the second round a majority was not required, and the candidate who received the most votes won the seat.[3]

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Kiro Gligorov Alliance for Macedonia 715,087 78.4
Ljubisha Georgievski VMRO-DPMNE 197,109 21.6
Invalid/blank votes 130,810
Total 1,053,761 100
Registered voters/turnout 1,360,729 77.4
Source: State Electoral Commission

Assembly[edit]

Party First round Second round Seats +/–
Votes % Votes %
Alliance for Macedonia 291,695 29.5 329,700 53.5 87
VMRO-DPMNE 141,494 14.3 0 –38
Democratic Party 108,872 11.0 0 New
Party for Democratic Prosperity 87,103 8.8 93,407 15.2 10 –7
People's Democratic Party 29,361 3.0 25,007 4.1 4 +3
Democratic Party of Macedonia 20,243 2.1 3,991 0,4 1 New
Liberal Party[a] 15,086 1.5 21,362 3.5 5
Workers Party 15,416 1.6 0
Democratic Party of Turks 14,423 1.5 6,434 0.7 0
Social Democratic Party 12,055 1.2 2,254 0.4 1 +1
Movement for All-Macedonian Action 11,479 1.2 2.013 0,2 0
VMRO-DP 9,742 1.0 458 0.0 0
League of Communists of Macedonia 7,610 0.8 0
VMRO-MNDS 7,167 0.7 1.191 0.1 0
Party of Democratic Action–Islamic Path 6,912 0.7 2.155 0.2 0
Socialist Party[a] 6,612 0.7 5,632 0.9 1
PCERM 6,530 0.7 4,447 0.7 1 0
Workers Party of Macedonia 5,435 0.6 0
Democratic Party of Serbs 5,290 0,5 4,003 0.4 0
Communist Party of Macedonia 5,161 0.5 0
VMRO-Fatherland 5,133 0.5 0
Democratic Union-Party of Peasants 5,089 0.5 681 0.1 0
Social Democratic Union[a] 4,182 0.4 4,635 0.8 1
Christian Democratic Party 4,019 0.4 0
SDSM-LPM[a] 3,945 0.4 5,674 0.9 1
DPTM/SDA-IP 3,467 0.4 4,681 0.8 1 New
Other parties 19,109 1.9 67,487 1.0 0
Independents 136,511 13.8 95,418 15.5 7 +4
Invalid/blank votes 54,330 26,580 3.8
Total 1,043,453 100 707,210 100 120 0
Registered voters/turnout[b] 1,487,367 70.2 1,293,330 54.7
Source: Nohlen & Stöver; Blagoja Nineski (2001) "Izborite, mediumite i partiite vo Makedonija 1990-2000", p. 190-191

a Part of Aliance for Macedonia on national level, but contesting some constituencies as separate party or in a coalition with only one party member of Aliance for Macedonia.

b Includes the 126,638 voters in the first round and 70,431 in the second round who were not registered, but voted using their ID cards.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p. 1278 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p. 1284
  3. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p. 1274
  4. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1284