Macedonian nationality law

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Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia.svg
Macedonian passports are issued to people holding Macedonian citizenship

Macedonian nationality law is governed by the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia (article 4) of 1991 and the Law on Citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian: Закон за државјанството на Република Македонија) of 1992 (with changes made in various years through to 2008). Macedonian citizenship is based primarily on the principle of Jus sanguinis. In other words one usually acquires Macedonian citizenship if a parent is Macedonian, irrespective of place of birth.

Citizenship by Constitution[edit]

According to the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia:

"Citizens of the Republic of Macedonia have citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia. A subject of the Republic of Macedonia may neither be deprived of citizenship, nor expelled or extradited to another state. Citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia is regulated by law."

Acquisition of Citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia[edit]

Citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia is acquired by:

  • 1) Origin
  • 2) Birth in the territory of the Republic of Macedonia,
  • 3) Naturalization
  • 4) International agreements

By Origin[edit]

A child acquires citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia by origin if:

  • 1) At the time of her/his birth both parents are nationals of the Republic of Macedonia;;
  • 2) At the time of her/his birth one of the parents is a national of the Republic of Macedonia, while the child is born in the Republic of Macedonia, if the parents have not determined by mutual consent that the child acquires citizenship of the other parent and
  • 3) At the time of her/his birth one of the parents is a national of the Republic of Macedonia, while the other parent is unknown or holds unknown citizenship, or respectively she/he is stateless, and the child is born abroad.

An adopted child acquires also citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia by origin in the case of full adoption when both of her/his adoptive parents are nationals of the Republic of Macedonia or when one of her/his adoptive parents is a national of the Republic of Macedonia.

Child born abroad by Macedonian parent[edit]

A child born abroad one of whose parents at the time of her/his birth is a national of the Republic of Macedonia while the other is a foreign national, acquires citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia by origin if she/he has been reported for registration as a national of the Republic of Macedonia before reaching 18 years of age or if before reaching 18 years of age she/he has settled permanently in the Republic of Macedonia together with her/his parent who is a national of the Republic of Macedonia. In the case of a lawsuit over the custody of a child, the citizenship shall be acquired after the court decision has gone into effect.

Citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia may be acquired under the requirements of paragraph 1 of this Article by a person who has not been reported by both parents and who has reached 18 years of age, if she/he submits an application for registration in the citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia before reaching 23 years of age.

The application of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article is submitted to the body competent for keeping the registries in which the birth of the child is additionally registered or to a diplomatic-consular mission of the Republic of Macedonia abroad. The child who acquires citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia in the sense of Article 4 of this law and paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article is considered a national of the Republic of Macedonia from the moment of her/his birth.

By Birth in the Territory of the Republic of Macedonia[edit]

Citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia is acquired by a child who is found or born in the territory of the Republic of Macedonia whose parents are unknown, or with unknown citizenship or without citizenship.

The citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia of the child of paragraph 1 of this Article shall cease if it has been established that her/his parents are foreign nationals before she/he has reached 15 years of age.

By Naturalization[edit]

An alien who has submitted an application for admission into citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia may acquire citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia by naturalization, if he fulfils the following requirements:

  • 1) To have reached 18 years of age;
  • 2) Until the submission of the application to have been legally and continuously residing in the territory of the Republic of Macedonia for at least 8 years;
  • 3) To have a residence and a permanent source of funds for existence to the level that provides material and social security under conditions determined by law;
  • 4) Is not punished with imprisonment of at least one year in Republic of Macedonia and the country of his original nationality,
  • 5) There should be no criminal proceedings instigated against him in the state of his nationality or in the Republic of Macedonia;;
  • 6) Knowledge of the Macedonian language, to the extent that it can easily be understand by the community;
  • 7) The applicant isn't prohibited to reside in the Republic of Macedonia;
  • 8) His admission to citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia does not threaten the security and defense of the Republic of Macedonia;
  • 9) To sign an oath that will be a loyal citizen of the Republic Macedonia
  • 10) To have a release from his foreign citizenship or a proof that he will obtain a release if he is admitted into the citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia.

Cessation of citizenship[edit]

Citizenship of the Republic of Macedonia ceases:

  • 1) By release
  • 2) According to international agreements

See also[edit]

External links[edit]