Maceió

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Maceio)
Jump to: navigation, search
Maceió
Municipality
The Municipality of Maceió, Alagoas, Brasil
"The Paradise of Waters"
"The Paradise of Waters"
Flag of Maceió
Flag
Coat of arms of Maceió
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): "The Paradise of Waters"
Location of Maceió in the State of Alagoas
Location of Maceió in the State of Alagoas
Maceió is located in Brazil
Maceió
Maceió
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 9°39′57″S 35°44′06″W / 9.66583°S 35.73500°W / -9.66583; -35.73500Coordinates: 9°39′57″S 35°44′06″W / 9.66583°S 35.73500°W / -9.66583; -35.73500
Country Brazil
State Bandeira de Alagoas.svg Alagoas
Mesoregion Leste Alagoano
Microregion Maceió, Alagoas, Brasil
Founded December 5, 1815
Government
 • Mayor Rui Soares Palmeira (PSDB)
Area
 • Total 511 km2 (197 sq mi)
Elevation 7 m (23 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Total 996,733
 • Density 2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
Demonym Maceioenses
Time zone UTC-3
Postal Code 57000-000
Area code(s) +55 82
Website maceio.al.gov.br

Maceió, Alagoas, Brasil (Portuguese pronunciation: [masejˈjɔ]) is the capital and the largest city of the coastal state Alagoas, Brazil. The name "maceió" is of Indian origin, and designates the naturally spontaneous courses of water which flow out of the soil. Most maceiós flow to the sea, but some get trapped and form lakes ("lagoas", in Portuguese).

There are plenty of maceiós and lakes in this part of Brazil; because of this, the city was named Maceió, and the State, Alagoas. The new Zumbi dos Palmares International Airport connects Maceió with many Brazilian cities and also operates some international flights. The city is home to the Federal University of Alagoas.

History[edit]

The city began in an old sugar mill and plantation complex around the 19th century. Its development started with the arrival of ships taking wood from Jaraguá bay.

With the installation of the sugar mills, Maceió started to export sugar, then tobacco, coconut, leather, and some spices. Prosperity made it possible for the settlement to become a village on December 5, 1815. Thanks to its continued growth, Maceió became the capital of the Alagoas state on December 9, 1839.

Maceió is also a port city and due to its port development about 200 years ago it changed from a village into a city.

Geography[edit]

The city is located between Mundaú Lagoon and the Atlantic Ocean. The city proper has a total population of 922,458 inhabitants (year 2006) living under a tropical climate with average temperature of 25 °C (77 °F). As of 2010, Maceio metropolitan area had a total population of 1,156,287 inhabitants.

Climate[edit]

Maceió has a typical tropical climate, specifically a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification: Am), with warm to hot temperatures and high relative humidity all throughout the year. However, these conditions are relieved by a near absence of extreme temperatures and trade winds blowing from the ocean.

January is the warmest month, with mean maximum of 32 °C (90 °F) (89.6°F) and minimum of 22 °C (72 °F) and more sun; July experiences the coolest temperatures, with mean maximum of 27 °C (81 °F) and minimum of 17 °C (63 °F) and more rain and much higher humidity.

Maceió has a tropical forest. Rainforests are characterized by high rainfall, with definitions setting minimum normal annual rainfall between 2,000 mm (about 78 inches or 2 meters) and 1700 mm (about 67 inches). The soil can be poor because high rainfall tends to leach out soluble nutrients.

There are several common characteristics of tropical rainforest trees. Tropical rainforest species frequently possess one or more of the following attributes* not commonly seen in trees at higher latitudes or trees in drier conditions on the same latitude.[clarification needed]

Climate data for Maceió (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.8
(92.8)
34.4
(93.9)
35
(95)
33.2
(91.8)
32.6
(90.7)
31.8
(89.2)
29.1
(84.4)
30.7
(87.3)
31
(88)
34.1
(93.4)
33.6
(92.5)
34.2
(93.6)
35
(95)
Average high °C (°F) 30.2
(86.4)
30.4
(86.7)
30.2
(86.4)
29.6
(85.3)
28.5
(83.3)
27.6
(81.7)
27
(81)
27.1
(80.8)
27.8
(82)
29
(84)
29.9
(85.8)
30
(86)
28.9
(84)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.5
(79.7)
26.5
(79.7)
25.4
(77.7)
26
(79)
25.2
(77.4)
24.3
(75.7)
23.6
(74.5)
23.6
(74.5)
24.3
(75.7)
25.3
(77.5)
25.9
(78.6)
26.2
(79.2)
24.8
(76.6)
Average low °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
22.6
(72.7)
22.7
(72.9)
22.5
(72.5)
22
(72)
21.3
(70.3)
20.5
(68.9)
20.2
(68.4)
20.7
(69.3)
21.2
(70.2)
21.6
(70.9)
22
(72)
21.6
(70.9)
Record low °C (°F) 19
(66)
19.1
(66.4)
17.4
(63.3)
18.4
(65.1)
18.1
(64.6)
11.3
(52.3)
16
(61)
15.9
(60.6)
17
(63)
17.4
(63.3)
18.2
(64.8)
17.9
(64.2)
11.3
(52.3)
Rainfall mm (inches) 78.1
(3.075)
88.3
(3.476)
194.5
(7.657)
268.8
(10.583)
382.2
(15.047)
331.9
(13.067)
273.7
(10.776)
155.2
(6.11)
130.3
(5.13)
73.5
(2.894)
31.7
(1.248)
62.5
(2.461)
2,070.5
(81.516)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 10 11 17 19 22 24 23 19 15 10 6 9 185
 % humidity 75.4 76.6 78.3 81.5 82.6 82.4 82.1 79.5 77.2 76 74.7 75.8 78.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 254.2 225.7 203 196.8 191.8 178.6 176 205.2 204.6 252.4 274.7 264.2 2,627.2
Source: Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (INMET).[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

Economy[edit]

One substantial local industry is based on chemical products from brine pumped from deep wells on the outskirts of Maceió. Another substantial industry is the fabrication of ethanol and sugar from sugarcane grown in the region. In the last thirty years the tourist industry has transformed the coastal areas of the city into vibrant centers of entertainment for Brazilian and foreign tourists (Americans, Italians, French, Germans, Argentinians, etc.).

These coastal neighborhoods include coconut palm trees, playgrounds, squares, open-to-the-public football, volleyball, and basketball fields, residential buildings, bars, nightclubs, tourist-oriented shops, restaurants, banks, hotels, and gambling houses (slot machines and bingo only, since casino games are illegal in Brazil).

The GDP for the city was R$ 9,143,488,000 (as of 2008);[10] The per capita income for the city was R$ 9,894 (as of 2008).[11][12]

Education[edit]

Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum.

University level institutions include:

Top high schools of the city are: Maria Montessori (the best according to ENEM), Colégio Oswaldo Cruz (A.K.A. COC) Colégio Santa Úrsula, Colégio Intensivo, Colégio Marista de Maceió, Colégio Santa Madalena Sofia, Colégio Contato and others. (All private)

Culture[edit]

Pajuçara beach.
2005 Carnival in Maceió.

American jazz and rock and almost all Brazilian styles and dances are played all over the city in bars, pubs, restaurants, nightclubs, street festivals, concerts, private gatherings, and churches all the year round. Some classical music in concerts in the University, in the theater, and museums can also be heard.

Movie theaters can be found in the Maceió Shopping, Pátio Maceió and Farol malls.

Spetacles can be seen at the Deodoro Theatre and Gustavo Leite Theatre.

Théo Brandão Museum (folk and primitive arts), Museum of the Historical and Geografical Institute of Alagoas (fine arts and historical objects), Pierre Chalita Museum (fine arts), Museum of Image and Music (photographic, cinematographic, and sound exhibitions and archives), Museum of sport, Museum of natural history UFAL(museum which serves as the search for the Federal University of Alagoas).

Folk art in the Théo Brandão Museum, and in outdoor markets at Pajuçara Beach and Pontal da Barra where one can buy works by local folk artists.

The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Maceió.

Festa Junina[edit]

Festa Junina was introduced to Northeastern Brazil by the Portuguese for whom St John's day (also celebrated as Midsummer Day in several European countries), on June 24, is one of the oldest and most popular celebrations of the year. Differently from what happens on the European Midsummer Day, the festivities in Brazil do not take place during the summer solstice but during the tropical winter solstice. The festivities traditionally begin after June 12, on the eve of St Anthony's day, and last until the 29th, which is Saint Peter's day. During these fifteen days, there are bonfires, fireworks, and folk dancing in the streets (step names are in French, which shows the mutual influences between court life and peasant culture in the 17th, 18th, and 19th-century Europe). Typical refreshments and dishes are served. It should be noted that, like during Carnival, these festivities involve costumes-wearing (in this case, peasant costumes), dancing, heavy drinking, and visual spectacles (fireworks display and folk dancing). Like what happens on Midsummer and St John's Day in Europe, bonfires are a central part of these festivities in Brazil.

This is a typical Alagoas revelry that resulted from the union of Reisado (an Epiphany celebration), Auto dos Caboclinhos (Caboclinhos' Play), Chegança (public folk play depicting a naval battle) and Pastoril (outdoor folk play). Its choreography and costumes with colored ribbons and beads reproduce the cathedral's façades on the monumental hats covered with mirrors.

This is a dramatic dance motivated by the sea. It tells the sea adventures of the first navigators in its songs accompanied by guitar and ukulele.

Boi do Carnaval is a popular culture display derived from Bumba-Meu-Boi. It is always presented together with La Ursa (The Bear), Vaqueiro (Cowboy) and a percussion band whose rhythm captivates everyone that hears it.

Gogó da Ema was a famous palm tree with a crooked trunk roughly shaped like a curvilinear letter N. The tree fell on July 27, 1955 at 2:20 in the afternoon.[13] It has become a symbol for Maceian culture and tourism, and there is a beach named after the celebrated tree. The tree also appears in folkloric art and music throughout northeastern Brazil.

Main sights[edit]

Ponta Verde Beach in Ponta Verde neighborhood.
Professor Sandoval Arroxelas Avenue in Ponta Verde neighborhood.

Maceió is home to numerous beaches, the color of sea varying from emerald green to blue; the water is always clear. The sand is white and there are many coconut plantations.

The Maceió sea has natural pools and reefs a few meters off the coast, that can be accessed by boat or raft sailings. The Mundaú lake is another option for sailing and bathing in transparent water.

Historical buildings include the Cathedral of Our Lady of Pleasures (1840), the Deodoro Theatre, the Municipal Market, the Historical Institute Museum and the Floriano Peixoto Palace, seat of Alagoas State government.

Food[edit]

Gastronomy include fishes, shrimps, crabs and lobsters are some of Maceió’s specialties. Fresh seafood is prepared from local recipes, such as tapioca, acaraje, carne-de-sol, cuscuz de tapioca. A kind of mollusk, the sururu, is appreciated in the city and is incorporated in many typical dishes.

Transportation[edit]

Aeroporto Internacional de Maceió-Zumbi dos Palmares entrance photographed 2007.

Maceió is connected to the main cities of Brazil by the BR-104, BR-101, BR-316 and AL-101 highways.

International Airport[edit]

Zumbi dos Palmares International Airport located outside Maceió serves the area with international connections to Milan in Italy and Buenos Aires in Argentina, as well as cities throughout Brazil.

In 2012 the airport handled 1,719,979 passengers.

Port[edit]

The Port of Jaraguá is a Brazilian port located in Maceió. The commercial and economic development of the Port of Jaraguá, next to the margins of the Mundaú lagoon, was responsible for the emergence of an important settlement that received the name of Maceió and later became the present capital of Alagoas. The Port of Jaraguá is situated in a natural port area that facilitates the ships docking. During the Brazilian colonial period, the most important products exported from there port were sugar, tobacco, coconut and spices.

Distances[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Neighborhoods[edit]

There are today about 50 boroughs in Maceió:

  • Antares
  • Barro Duro
  • Bebedouro
  • Benedito Bentes
  • Bom Parto
  • Canaã
  • Centro de Maceió
  • Chã de Bebedouro
  • Chã da Jaqueira
  • Cidade Universitária
  • Clima Bom
  • Cruz das Almas
  • Farol
  • Feitosa
  • Fernão Velho
  • Garça Torta
  • Gruta de Lourdes
  • Guaxuma
  • Ipioca
  • Jacarecica
  • Jacintinho
  • Jaraguá
  • Jardim Petrópolis
  • Jatiúca
  • Levada
  • Mangabeiras
  • Mutange
  • Ouro Preto
  • Pajuçara
  • Pescaria
  • Pinheiro
  • Pitanguinha
  • Poço
  • Ponta da Terra
  • Ponta Grossa
  • Ponta Verde
  • Pontal da Barra
  • Prado
  • Petrópolis
  • Riacho Doce
  • Rio Novo
  • Santa Amélia
  • Santo Amaro
  • Santos Dumont
  • São Jorge
  • Serraria
  • Tabuleiro do Martins
  • Trapiche da Barra
  • Vergel do Lago.

Surrounding highlights[edit]

A cast metal statue of a wild boar made by the Fonderies du Val d'Osne, France, in a square in Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil.

Notable people[edit]

Zagallo football coach born in Maceió.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Temperatura Média Compensada (°C)" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Temperatura Máxima (°C)" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Temperatura Mínima (°C)" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Precipitação Acumulada Mensal e Anual (mm)" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Número de Dias com Precipitação Maior ou Igual a 1 mm (dias)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Insolação Total (horas)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Umidade Relativa do Ar Média Compensada (%)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Temperatura Máxima Absoluta (ºC)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (Inmet). Archived from the original on June 21, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Temperatura Mínima Absoluta (ºC)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (Inmet). Archived from the original on June 21, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  10. ^ GDP (PDF) (in Portuguese). Maceió, Brazil: IBGE. 2005. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved 2007-07-18. 
  11. ^ per capita income (PDF) (in Portuguese). Maceió, Brazil: IBGE. 2005. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved 2007-07-18. 
  12. ^ "Maceió at Cidades@ of the IBGE". IBGE.gov.br. Retrieved July 9, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Praça Gogó da Ema" from Coisas de Maceió: O portal dos alagoanos (Things from Maceió: The port of the Alagoans) (website) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2008-02-05.

External links[edit]