|Elevation||136 m (446 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
As of 2001[update] India census, Macherla had a population of 131000. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Macherla has an average literacy rate of 59%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 68%, and female literacy is 49%. In Macherla, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
It is the capital of the region Palnadu. The name Macherla originated from Mahadevi Cherla. This town is in the heart of Palnadu, and has a history of over a thousand years. The famous battle Palnati Yudhdham (War of Palnadu) took place between Macherla and Gurajala between 1176 AD - 1182 AD. The Palnadu Battle is also called the Andhra Mahabharatam because of several similarities. The town is renowned for the Chennakesava Swamy temple built here during the reign of the Haihaya Kings. The annual festival, celebrated on a grand scale, attracts pilgrims and tourists from far and wide.
Sri Laxmi Chennakesava Swamy Temple was built around the 13th century A.D and renovated by Reddi King "Peruri Muktiraju".  Another temple dedicated to Veerabhadraswamy is located in the Old town. It was built in 18th century A.D. Laxmi Chennakesava Swamy temple was built around 13th century A.D in Nagulavaram village, located 12 km from Macherla town.
Nagarjunakonda Museum Nagarjunakonda, meaning the hill of Nagarjuna, was named after the Buddhist scholar and savant Acharya Nagarjuna. It was a great religious center promoting Brahmanical and Buddhist faiths, molding the early phases of art and architecture affiliated with them.
Ethipothala Falls is a mountain stream cascading down the hills from a height of 21.3 meters into a lagoon. This waterfall is a combination of three streams namely Chandravanka Vagu, Nakkala Vagu and Tummala Vagu. Nagarjuna Sagar dam is 24 km away from Macherla, the third largest man-made lake in the world and is also one of the most prominent Buddhist sites in Andhra Pradesh. Anupu is located 18 km from Macherla towards Nagarjuna Sagar. It is said that the Buddhist phiolosopher Nagarjuna taught in Anupu.
- Kanneganti Hanumanthu - Revolutionary and leader for the Pullari revolt.
- Palanati Brahmanaidu - Minister to Haihaya kings who tried to abolish the caste system by "CHAPA KOODU" or "Sahapankthi Bhojanalu" in the 12th century.
- Sri. Pulupula sivaiaih-- famous poet, communist leader from athmakur village durgi mandal.
- Sri Bellamkonda Suresh-famous producer in tollywood.
- Sri Maddigapu Pratap Reddy - NRI and eminent Environmentalist.
- Brahma Sri Pokuri Kasipathi Avadhanulu, a famous poet. Rayavaram village people participated in palnaati yuddam. A small temple of swords is located in thummepally
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Macherla
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Battle of Palnadu: http://gandikota.co.in/palnadu.htm
- "Macherla". Bezawada.com. Retrieved 2006-08-16.