Machinery of government
The Machinery of Government (sometimes MOG) means the interconnected structures and processes of government, such as the functions and accountability of departments in the executive branch of government. The term is used particularly in the context of changes to established systems of public administration where different elements of machinery are created.
The phrase “machinery of government” is thought to have originated with John Stuart Mill in Considerations on Representative Government (1861). It was notably used to a public audience by President FD Roosevelt in a radio broadcast in 1934, commenting on the role of the National Recovery Administration (NRA) in delivering the New Deal. A number of national governments including those of Australia, Canada, South Africa and the United Kingdom have adopted the term in official usage.
- For example, a Number 10 Press Notice on May 5, 2006 was entitled Machinery of Government changes in announcing the creation of a new department of the British Government, accessed at  June 12, 2006
- Mill, J.S. (1861) Considerations on Representative Government, Chapter V; editions include Kessinger, ISBN 0-7661-8898-1; text accessed at University of Texas at Austin  June 12, 2006
- Roosevelt, F.D. Fireside Chat broadcast September 30, 1934 accessed at Mid-Hudson Regional Information Center  June 12, 2006
- Making and Breaking Whitehall Departments: A Guide to Machinery of Government Changes, Institute for Government, May 2010 
- Nethercote, J. (1999) Departmental Machinery of Government Since 1987 Research Paper 24 1998-99, Parliamentary Library, Australia accessed at  June 12, 2006
- Machinery of Government Reform: Principles and Practice in "The Organisation of Central Government Departments: A History 1964-1992", ESRC Whitehall Programme accessed at Nuffield College, University of Oxford  June 12, 2006
- Constitutional, legal and Government framework: Machinery of Government changes, Australian Public Service Commission 
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