Maciej Rataj

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Maciej Rataj
Rataj.jpg
Maciej Rataj
Acting President of the Republic of Poland
In office
15 May – 4 June 1926
Prime Minister Kazimierz Bartel
Preceded by Stanisław Wojciechowski
Succeeded by Ignacy Mościcki
In office
16 December – 22 December 1922
Prime Minister Julian Nowak
Władysław Sikorski
Preceded by Gabriel Narutowicz
Succeeded by Stanisław Wojciechowski
2nd Marshal of Sejm of the Republic of Poland
In office
23 November 1922 – 26 March 1928
President Józef Piłsudski
(Chief of State)
Gabriel Narutowicz
Himself (acting)
Stanisław Wojciechowski
Himself (acting)
Ignacy Mościcki
Prime Minister Julian Nowak, Władysław Sikorski, Wincenty Witos, Władysław Grabski, Aleksander Skrzyński, Wincenty Witos, Kazimierz Bartel, Józef Piłsudski
Preceded by Wojciech Trąmpczyński
Succeeded by Ignacy Daszyński
Personal details
Born 19 February 1884
Chłopy, near Lemberg, Austria-Hungary
Died 21 June 1940(1940-06-21) (aged 56)
Palmiry, Poland
Resting place Palmiry
Political party Polish People's Party "Piast"
Alma mater University of Lwów
Occupation Politician

Maciej Rataj (19 February 1884 – 21 June 1940) was a Polish politician and writer.

Biography[edit]

Born in the village of Chłopy near Lwów (now Lviv, Ukraine) on 19 February 1884, he attended a gymnasium in Lwów and studied classical linguistics at the University of Lwów. Upon the completion of his studies he became a gymnasium teacher first in Lwów, and later in Zamość.

He became involved in politics after the Second Polish Republic gained independence following the First World War. He was a member of the Polish People's Party "Piast" political party, and from 1931 a member of the People's Party. He became president of the Stronnictwo and the chief editor of the party's official paper, the 'Zielony Sztandar' in 1935. From 1919 to 1930 and from 1934–1935 he was a member of parliament for the Sejm (Polish Parliament), and from 1922 to 1928 he was the Marshal of the Sejm. Between 1920–1921 he was the Minister of Religion and Public Education, and took part in work on the March Constitution.

He was President of Poland twice: first in December 1922 after the assassination of president Gabriel Narutowicz as Acting President of the Republic of Poland for one week, and again in May 1926, after Józef Piłsudski's May Coup and the resignation of president Stanisław Wojciechowski. His second term lasted half of a month.

During both times he oversaw special election and appointed new governments.

In December 1939 he was arrested by Nazi Germany and executed in Palmiry during the German AB-Aktion operation in Poland.[1]

Works[edit]

  • Pamiętniki (Memoirs) (1965)
  • Wskazania obywatelskie i polityczne: Wybór pism i przemówień z lat 1919–1938 (1987)
  • Maciej Rataj o parlamentaryzmie, państwie demokratycznym i sanacji (1998)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Gabriel Narutowicz
Acting President of Poland
1922
Succeeded by
Stanisław Wojciechowski
Preceded by
Stanisław Wojciechowski
Acting President of Poland
1926
Succeeded by
Ignacy Mościcki