|City of Macomb, Illinois|
|• Mayor||Michael J. Inman|
|• Total||11.12 sq mi (28.8 km2)|
|• Land||10.69 sq mi (27.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.43 sq mi (1.1 km2) 3.87%|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Density||1,803.6/sq mi (696.4/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
Macomb // is a city in and the county seat of McDonough County, Illinois, United States. It is situated in western Illinois southwest of Galesburg. The population was 19,288 at the 2010 census. Macomb is the home of Western Illinois University.
According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 11.12 square miles (28.8 km2), of which 10.69 square miles (27.7 km2) (or 96.13%) is land and 0.43 square miles (1.1 km2) (or 3.87%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there are 18,558 people, 6,575 households, and 2,952 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,884.2 people per square mile (727.4/km²). There are 7,037 housing units at an average density of 714.5 per square mile (275.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 88.73% White, 5.93% African American, 3.06% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. 2.10% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 6,575 households out of which 19.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.9% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 55.1% were non-families. 38.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.77.
In the city the population was spread out with 12.6% under the age of 18, 42.9% from 18 to 24, 18.2% from 25 to 44, 14.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,994, and the median income for a family was $42,069. Males had a median income of $27,663 versus $21,780 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,470. 29.1% of the population and 12.2% of families were below the poverty line. 22.8% of those under the age of 18 and 8.1% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
First settled in 1829 on a site tentatively named Washington, the town was officially founded in 1830 as the county seat of McDonough County and given the name Macomb after General Alexander Macomb, a general in the War of 1812. War veterans were given land grants in the Macomb area, which was part of the "Military Tract" set aside by Congress. In 1855 the Northern Cross Railroad, a predecessor to the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, was constructed through Macomb, leading to a rise in the town's population. In 1899 the Western Illinois State Normal School, later Western Illinois University, was founded in Macomb. Representative Lawrence Sherman was instrumental in locating the school in Macomb. In 1903 the Macomb and Western Illinois Railway was built from Macomb to nearby Industry and Littleton by local financier Charles V. Chandler, though this railroad was abandoned in 1930. In 1918, construction on Illinois Route 3 was begun as a state financed highway from Cairo to Rock Island through Macomb; in the late 1920s U.S. Route 67 was extended along this route to Dubuque, Iowa.
Macomb has been visited by several US Presidents over the years. Ulysses S. Grant, Andrew Johnson, Rutherford B. Hayes, William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt have all made short addresses in Macomb. On two occasions, Abraham Lincoln and Barack Obama addressed large audiences prior to their election as president. Obama was actually stumping for state senate at the time, meaning a president or presidential nominee has not visited Macomb in 109 years and counting.
St. Louis Rams Summer Camp
Macomb was home to the St. Louis Rams' football summer training camp from 1996-2004. In 2005, the Rams decided to move summer training to their own facilities in St. Louis, Missouri, ending the nine-year relationship.
Filmings in Macomb
- William Birenbaum (1923–2010), college administrator who served as president of Antioch College
- Michael Boatman, actor
- Phil Bradley, Major League Baseball player (1983–1990)
- Marcus Dunstan, screenwriter
- Joe Garner, six-time New York Times Bestselling author of non-fiction pop culture history
- John Mahoney, actor
- Ty Margenthaler, assistant coach with the Wisconsin Badgers women's basketball team
- Red Miller, former head coach of the NFL Denver Broncos and USFL Denver Gold
- Michael Norman, author of the "Haunted" book series
- Todd Purdum, correspondent, editor Vanity Fair, New York Times
- Al Sears, jazz tenor saxophonist and bandleader
- Dr. Henry Wells, author, professor and expert on Latin America politics
- Rev. C.T. Vivian, minister and American civil rights leader
Attractions and entertainment
- Geology Museum
- The Old Bailey House
- University Art Gallery Museum
- Western Illinois Museum
- Convention Bureau
- Macomb Community Theater
- Macomb Balloon Rally
- February - WIU Ag Mech Show, WIU Jazz Festival
- June - Macomb Heritage Days
- July - Cornerstone Festival (Bushnell)
- September - Macomb Balloon Rally, Al Sears Jazz Festival
- October - WIU Homecoming Parade
- November - Festival of Trees
- December - / Dickens on the Square
- Argyle Lake State Park (located in nearby Colchester)
- Harry Mussatto Golf Course
- Lakeview Nature Center
- Macomb Park District
- Spring Lake Park
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Hicken, Victor (1970). The Purple and the Gold: The Story of Western Illinois University. Western Illinois University Foundation. pp. 5–6, 11–13. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- Morgan, Joanne Scobee (2000). "McDonough County, Illinois, Reminiscences of a Pioneer: Noted Visitors and Residents". Retrieved December 6, 2010.
- Wagoner, Nick. "Rams Move Training Camp Back to St. Louis," April 24, 2005 (accessed January 30, 2007).[dead link]
- Hicks, Jonathan (March 26, 2004). "Macomb gets 'Cast in Gray'". Western Courier. Retrieved January 30, 2007.
- "Cast in Gray (2005) - Filming locations". Internet Movie Database (IMDb). Retrieved December 6, 2010.
- McDougall, Chelsea (November 24, 2006). "Macomb family featured on reality show". Macomb Eagle. Retrieved January 30, 2007.
- Fox, Margalit (October 8, 2010). "William M. Birenbaum, college leader, dies at 87". New York Times. Retrieved October 10, 2010.
- "Theatre Alumnus Michael Boatman to Visit WIU - University Relations - Western Illinois University". Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- "Author Interview with Joe Garner on his book We Interrupt This Broadcast". Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- "Dr. Henry Wells, Political Science". University of Pennsylvania Almanac, Volume 54, No. 8, October 16, 2007. 2007. Retrieved 2011-05-23.
- City of Macomb, Illinois (official site)