Macombs Dam Bridge
|Macombs Dam Bridge|
|Carries||four lanes of roadway|
|Locale||Manhattan and the Bronx, in New York City|
|Maintained by||New York City Department of Transportation|
|Design||swing bridge and camelback bridge|
|Total length||2,540 feet (770 m)|
|Longest span||408 feet (124 m)|
|Opened||May 1, 1895|
|Daily traffic||44,311 (2011)|
The Macombs Dam Bridge spans the Harlem River in New York City, connecting the boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx near Yankee Stadium. It is the third-oldest bridge in New York City and, along with the 155th Street Viaduct, was designated a New York City Landmark in January 1992. The bridge is operated and maintained by the New York City Department of Transportation (NYCDOT).
History and description
The bridge is located 3.2 miles (5.1 km) from the mouth of the Harlem River. It consists of a swing bridge over the Harlem River decorated with four finials and with stone end piers with shelter houses, and a camelback span over the railroad tracks on the Bronx side. Construction began in 1890 and was completed in 1895 at a total cost of $1.3 million. The bridge, which was designed by consulting engineer Alfred Pancoast Boller, opened on May 1, 1895.
The main swing span is 408 feet (124 m) long and provides two shipping channels with 150 feet (46 m) of horizontal clearance. When closed the bridge provides 25 feet (7.6 m) of vertical clearance. The bridge's total length is 2,540 feet (770 m).
The current bridge is the most recent of several bridges in the area, the first of which – along with the since-demolished lock-and-dam system – opened in 1814. The wooden Central Bridge followed in 1861, to be replaced by the current bridge, which was also called the Central Bridge;, a plaque bearing this name still be seen on the swing span. However the name never stuck, and the old name Macombs Dam Bridge remained in popular use.
At the western end of the bridge is a long steel viaduct leading to the intersection of 155th Street and Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. Boulevard (Seventh Avenue), both of which end at the bridge. At the eastern end, a steel approach road leads to Jerome Avenue, which extends north into the Bronx and Westchester County.
Immediately to the north of the bridge was another swing bridge along which the now-demolished 9th Avenue El reached the Bronx and the IRT Jerome Avenue Line. That bridge was demolished sometime after this section of the 9th Avenue El ceased operation in 1958.
In 1999, the NYCDOT began a $145 million renovation of the Macombs Dam Bridge.
For 2011, the New York City Department of Transportation, which operates and maintains the bridge, reported an average daily traffic volume in both directions of 44,311; having reached a peak AADT of 55,609 in 1957.
- New York City Department of Transportation (October 2013). "2011 New York City Bridge Traffic Volumes". Retrieved 2013-02-28.
- New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Postal, Matthew A. (ed. and text); Dolkart, Andrew S. (text). (2009) Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.) New York:John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1, pp. 204-205
- White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot with Leadon, Fran (2010). AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195383867., p. 547
- "Macomb's Dam Bridge". bridgesnyc.com. 2010. Retrieved 2014-01-17.
- New York City Department of Transportation (March 2010). "2008 New York City Bridge Traffic Volumes". p. 74. Retrieved 2010-06-27.
- "Average Weekday NYC Transit Bus Ridership". MTA New York City Transit. 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-04.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Macombs Dam Bridge.|
- Official website
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. NY-269, "Macombs Dam Bridge, Spanning Harlem River Between 155th Street Viaduct, Jerome Avenue, & East 162nd Street, Bronx, Bronx County, NY", 80 photos, 27 data pages, 11 photo caption pages
- Macombs Dam Bridge at Structurae
- NYC roads.com
- Modjeski Construction
- Picture of Putnam Bridge, the now-demolished el bridge that was north of Macombs Dam Bridge
- Side view of above bridge
- Aerial view of Polo Grounds, Yankee Stadium, Putnam Bridge and Macombs Dam Bridge