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In June 2006, there was a referendum to change the name of the town to Aracataca Macondo. The town was destroyed because of an Earthquake that was 7.0. 550 people were killed and 100 were injured.
In the first chapter of his autobiography, Living to Tell the Tale, García Márquez states that he took the name Macondo from a sign at a banana plantation near Aracataca. He also mentions the fact that Macondo is the local name of the tree Cavanillesia platanifolia, which grows in that area.
The name Macondo may have come from Africa. In the Kituba language, a Bantu language spoken in the western parts of the two Congos, the word for bananas is mankondo (the plural of dinkondo). This word, or a cognate in a related language, could have been brought to Colombia by slaves. It seems that García Márquez was unaware of this possibility; however he mentioned the (unrelated) Makonde people of East Africa in the last chapter of One Hundred Years of Solitude, calling them Makondos.
The town first appears in García Márquez's short story "Leaf Storm". It is the central location for the subsequent novel One Hundred Years of Solitude. He has since used Macondo as a setting for several other stories.
In Evil Hour, published the year before One Hundred Years of Solitude, García Márquez mentions Macondo as the town where Father Ángel was succeeded by the one hundred year old Antonio Isabel del Santísimo Sacramento del Altar Castañeda y Montero, a clear reference to the novel to come.
In the narrative of One Hundred Years of Solitude, the town grows from a tiny settlement with almost no contact with the outside world, to eventually become a large and thriving place, before a banana plantation is set up. The establishment of the banana plantation leads to Macondo's downfall, followed by a gigantic windstorm that wipes it from the map. As the town grows and falls, different generations of the Buendía family play important roles, contributing to its development.
The fall of Macondo comes first as a result of a four-year rainfall, which destroyed most of the town's supplies and image. During the years following the rainfall, the town begins to empty, as does the Buendía home.
In popular culture
- Early in the 1974 film Chinatown, Jake Gittes spies on Hollis Mulwray at the fictional "El Macondo Apartments". Production director Richard Sylbert says this was indeed a reference to the city of García Márquez.
- Popular Russian rock band Bi-2 released as part of their 2006 album "Milk" ("Молоко") a song called "Macondo" ("Макондо"). The chorus repeats: "Rain was falling on Macondo, right in the middle of the century" ("На Макондо падал дождь, в самой середине века"). Bi-2 first obtained popularity in 2000, with the release of their first hit "No One Writes to the Colonel" ("Полковнику никто не пишет"), the title of a novella by Gabriel García Márquez.
- Given the town's association with magical realism, many Latin Americans would portray the everyday illogical or absurd news and situations they or their respective countries face as more aptly belonging to Macondo. As a result, some Latin Americans occasionally refer to their home towns or countries as Macondos. The Latin American McOndo phenomenon of the mid-1990s (started by the anthology of the same name), a counter-reaction to magical realism and the region's literary Boom of the 60s and 70s, derives its name from the portmanteau of the words Macondo and McDonald's.
- Macondo is the name of a New York City restaurant currently in operation which is themed after One Hundred Years of Solitude.
- Macondo is the name of a refugee settlement on the outskirts of Vienna, Austria, named after Garcia Márquez's fictitious town by Chilean refugees. It has been home to successive waves of refugees since Hungarians came en masse in 1956, followed by Czech and Romanian waves in 1968, Vietnamese "Boat People" and Chileans fleeing Pinochet in the early 70s. Many of these refugees and their descendants still live in the settlement as "permanent refugees," while new waves from current headlining wars from around the world keep arriving: Somalia, Afghanistan, Iraq, Chechnya, etc.
- Granda, Germán de (1971). "Un afortunado fitónimo Bantú: Macondo", Thesaurus, Boletín del Instituto Caro y Cuervo, Bogotá 26(3), 485-494 (in Spanish)
- Iorio, Paul (July 8, 1999). "A Guide to Movie's Many Location Sites". LA Times. "See: page 2, location #8, El Macondo Apartments"
- Signore, John Del (July 12, 2008). "Openings Roundup: Macondo, Socarrat Paella Bar, The Frying Pan". Gothamist.
- "Biography of restaurateur Hector Sanz and Chef Maximo Tejada". Macondo NYC.
- "Macondo - Refuge in Austria". March 2006. Retrieved 10 October 2013. "Thus arose an unusual, oddly assorted village to which Chilean refugees gave the name 'Macondo.'"
- "3 and a half months on Earth" (in German). Retrieved 10 October 2013.